REGIONAL INITIATIVE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON WATER RESOURCES AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY IN THE ARAB REGION
On Saturday February 20, 2016, Tropical Cyclone (TC) Winston, an extremely destructive Category 5 cyclone, struck Fiji.
TC Winston was the first Category 5 cyclone to directly impact Fiji and the most intense cyclone on record to affect the country.1 Fiji’s Eastern Division was the first to be struck, with Koro, Ovalau and Taveuni Islands sustaining severe damage.
1. Housing and Human Settlements
The sector of housing and human settlements was affected the most. The total effects (damages and losses) are valued at NPR 350,379 million, with the total damages amounting to NPR 303,631 million and the total losses estimated at NPR 46,748 million.
Key messages from the Fifth Assessment Report for Africa
The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report offers the following key messages for Africa:
Africa’s climate is already changing and the impacts are already being felt
Tropical storm Ondoy (international name Ketsana) hit the Philippines on September 26, 2009, causing widespread flooding Tropical storm Ondoy was quickly followed by typhoon Pepeng (international name Parma). It initially brought powerful winds with gusts of up to 230 km/hr then an extended period of heavy rains, with cumulative rainfall amounts exceeding 1,000 mm in some areas. The resulting river floods have been estimated to have a return period of around 50 years, meaning that statistically speaking, such a rainfall event occurs on average once in every 50 years.