Negara Brunei Darussalam (Brunei) is a small country on the northwest side of the island of Borneo. It has a well-developed economy, with one of the highest GDP per capita in the world. It is a very socially conservative country, as well as an absolute monarchy. The current Sultan of Brunei is Hassanal Bolkiah, who also serves as prime minister, finance minister, foreign minister, and defense minister. It is a politically stable country that benefits from hydrocarbon production, which is 90 percent of the country’s exports.
by Catherine Mungai and Maren Radeny (CCAFS)
Mainstreaming climate-smart agriculture to support the transformation of Kenya's agriculture sector into an innovative, commercially-oriented, competitive and modern sector.
On 31 October 2018, the Kenya Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries & Irrigation (MoALF&I) launched the Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture Implementation Framework 2018-2027 at Kilimo Grounds, Nairobi.
Aderita Sena, Carlos Freitas, Patrícia Feitosa Souza, Tais Alpino, Marcel Pedroso, Carlos Corvalan, Christovam Barcellos, Fernando Carneiro
Introduction: The objective of this study was to understand and assess the perception of communities, organized civil society, health professionals, and decision-makers of several governmental institutions, regarding vulnerabilities and health impacts in drought prone municipalities of Brazil.
Krystyna Swiderska, Caroline King-Okumu and Md Monirul Islam
Purpose and objectives of the handbook
The purpose of this handbook is to provide a tool to guide the planning and implementation of ecosystembased adaptation (EbA) in developing countries to help address the growing impacts of climate change.
By Aly Abousabaa
Cairo – Water scarcity in the Middle East and North Africa is increasing at an alarming rate. It is already at critical levels in most of the countries of the region. The annual per capita share is continuously declining. Important resources, including water, are being diverted to other priority sectors. As a result, agriculture loses substantial amounts of water every year, even as the demand for food rises due to rapid population growth.
To withstand the inevitable natural disasters climate change will bring, better disaster risk management must start now.
Human activity has caused the temperature of the Earth and its atmosphere to rise by about 1°C above pre-industrial levels, triggering fundamental changes to the planet’s physical and social landscapes. On 8 October an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that temperatures were rising faster than expected, and that 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels could occur as early as 2030.
Agriculture faces a number of challenges, including increased food demand, population growth, and climate change. If the sector is to overcome these issues, women, including their roles and perspectives, must be prioritized in rural development.
The impacts of a warming world are affecting food production in every corner of the globe. From shifting rainfall patterns and growing seasons, to more frequent and extreme droughts and floods, to increasingly severe pest and disease outbreaks among crops and livestock, farming as we know it is under attack.
The dependence of many African economies on a few mineral commodities exposes them to a number of risks, including economic instability, conflict and damaging environmental effects.
Structural, institutional and regulatory reforms are needed to break the mineral dependence and promote economic diversification.
George Adu and John Bosco Dramani, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
by Deissy Martinez Baron | Oct 16, 2018
UN 20-year review: earthquakes and tsunamis kill more people while climate change is driving up economic losses
In all areas of academic or practical work related to disaster risk, climate change and development more generally, community and its adjunct community-based have become the default terminology when referring to the local level or working ‘with the people’. The terms are applied extensively to highlight what is believed to be a people-centred, participatory, or grassroot-level approach. Today, despite, or because of, its inherent ambiguity, ‘community’ tends to be used almost inflationarily.
The impacts of climate change are increasingly viewed as global security risks, which will have far-reaching implications for both human and renewable natural systems. Most climate–conflict research has focused on East Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. This SIPRI Insights explores and summarizes the findings from a systematic literature review of climate–conflict research on South Asia and South East Asia.
by Philip Obaji Jr.
This report provides the findings of the Smallholder Innovation for Resilience (SIFOR) project baseline study in India. The study explored key trends in livelihoods and migration, food security, crop diversity and seed systems, climate change, and social capital, which provide the context for innovation. It explored biocultural innovations developed in response to climatic and socioeconomic changes, and the people, institutions, networking and community-level factors supporting their development.
David B. McWethy, Anibal Pauchard, Rafael A. Garcia, Andres Holz, Mauro E. Gonzalez, Thomas T. Veblen, Julian Stahl, Bryce Currey
Florian Krampe, Roberta Scassa and Giovanni Mitrotta