This IDS Bulletin Archive Collection reviews four decades of analysis and research on peace, security, and development, drawing on articles published in previous issues of the Bulletin throughout this timeframe. IDS first began to investigate the relationship between disarmament and development in the 1970s. Then, research focused initially on disarmament and its actual and potential contributions to development. Disarmament, along with reductions in military spending, it was argued, would release resources for development.
Integrating climate change adaptation into long-term planning is key to securing social and economic development, as the impacts of climate change are already affecting development outcomes.
Rebecca Nadin and Erin Roberts
Talk to a fisherman anywhere in the world and it won’t be long before you’ll hear the tales: the first catch, the one that got away, the really big one. On the Tonlé Sap Lake, the largest body of freshwater in Southeast Asia, the fish stories are divided into then and now.
This study is a contribution to the understanding of pastoralism-farming dynamics in Dar Sila, in relation to their natural, social, and economic environment.
Los pastos marinos del Archipiélago perderían capacidad para capturar dióxido de carbono (CO2) si, entre otras intervenciones, se intensifican actividades turísticas o se hacen dragados en sus áreas de influencia.
PALMIRA, 04 de abril de 2018 — Agencia de Noticias UN-
Así lo identificaron los estudios del grupo de investigación “Modelación de Ecosistemas Costeros”, que vincula a cuatro sedes de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (U.N.): Medellín, Caribe, Bogotá y Palmira.
By Lisa Hiwasaki, Lowine Hill
Gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status, age, and physical ability influence how individuals experience climate change and adapt to its impact. Although women, indigenous peoples, ethnic minorities, the poor, and youth contribute the least to the phenomenon of climate change (e.g., in terms of emissions of greenhouse gases), they are often the most vulnerable to its effects.
Water keeps us alive. We use it daily, in a myriad of ways. Some common uses are obvious, but others are harder to see, like the hidden water in our food—the water going into the vegetables and fruits on our tables. For farmers across the world, having the right amount of water for their crops can make or break their livelihoods, and ultimately decides food security at micro and macro levels.
Sebastian Bauhoff and Jonah Busch
SIPRI releases its Annual Review 2017, looking back on the institute’s highlights from the previous year.
The Annual Review 2017 covers SIPRI's work throughout the past year, including maintaining its world-renowned databases and evolving its research agenda to adjust to the global threat environment.
2018 Global Food Policy Report: Anti-Globalism Threatens Progress in Hunger, Poverty Reduction; Requires Strong Policies and Global Leadership
The rainy season is expected to have a serious impact on life-saving services and ongoing humanitarian aid in Cox’s Bazar. The pre-monsoon and monsoon will cause access constraints to sites in both Ukhia and Teknaf, as mud roads become impassable, footpaths slippery and earthen stairs and slopes become dangerous and potentially collapse. Shelters and facilities will be damaged and flooded. The overall impact is likely to be an increase in needs for the 671,000 refugees and a more challenging response environment.
Food insecurity is chronic in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), and a further deterioration is expected between March and August/September during planting and before harvesting period, according to Key Informant Interviews. Such a deterioration is a seasonal trend in the CHT. The planting season in the CHT is between March and April. Harvesting takes place between October and November. The lean season occurs from May to August, however due to high risk of natural hazards during the monsoon season, the lean season often extends from May to September.
A global consortium of health educators agree on a set of core competencies to equip doctors, nurses, and public health professionals to respond to climate change
The Global Consortium on Climate and Health Education (GCCHE), an international forum for developing curricula related to the health impacts of climate change, has announced a set of core competencies for students of public health, nursing, and medicine.
by John Recha (CCAFS), Maren Radeny (CCAFS) and Stephen Kuoko (SARI)
Farmers in Lushoto select better potato varieties and receive training on improved production practices to enhance their crop management.
ARC is a pioneering initiative seeking to build resilience to climate risks across Africa by combining sovereign risk insurance with strengthening of disaster risk management (DRM) systems and frameworks. Findings from a formative evaluation of ARC have recently been published and provide important insights and lessons pertinent to the global conversation on climate risk insurance and, more generally, on building the resilience of countries and vulnerable populations. The evaluation was commissioned by DFID and undertaken by OPM.
This guide was developed for technical advisors to government officials, business people, investors, and others who need to draw on ecosystem assessments to inform decision-making. It assesses several types of ecosystem service modeling tool, discusses issues involved in modeling ecosystem services, and provides guidance on how to choose the right model to address a specific policy question.
by Hayley Stevenson
The specter of water wars has long loomed large in political and popular imaginations. With the end of the Cold War, fresh concerns emerged that future wars would be fought not over ideology but over natural resources. The alliteratively appealing phrase of “water wars” began rolling off the tongue as United Nations leaders and politicians made bold claims about the inevitable carnage that resource scarcity would bring. Climate change heightens these concerns as the gap widens between what science tells us is necessary and what politics tells us is feasible.