Warmer temperatures and increased rainfall can pose threats to our livelihoods and health by impacting the quality of water we drink, the food we consume, and the weather we experience.
But there are also vector-borne diseases (carried by mosquitoes and other insects), and water-borne bacteria and viruses, that become prevalent during periods of high and low rainfall, which pose great health risks to local populations. For example, increased risks of contracting dengue fever, chikungunya, malaria, and other diseases.
Patrick Pringle, Climate Analytics, Samoa
AT A GLANCE
Against the backdrop of intensifying climate and disaster risk, the Solomon Islands is building resilience at the community level through the Community Resilience to Climate and Disaster Risk in Solomon Islands Project (CRISP) project.
NATURAL HAZARDS AMPLIFIED BY CLIMATE CHANGE
An archipelago of over 990 small islands, covering around 27,000 square kilometres, the Solomon Islands boasts rich cultural diversity and an array of terrain, species and natural resources.
In many ways, it is an island paradise. Yet, like other small island developing states around the world, the nation faces a range of specific development challenges, now complicated by the emerging adverse impacts of climate change: rising sea levels, more variable and unpredictable rainfall, and more intense extreme weather events.
Staying several steps ahead of possible health impacts from weather and climate was the focus of the third Pacific Islands Climate Outlook Forum in Apia, Samoa at the end of September.
By Catherine Wilson
PAPAGU, Solomon Islands, Oct 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Three years ago, thousands of farmers living on the flat fertile plains of Guadalcanal, the largest island in this South Pacific nation, watched their homes and crops washed away by the strongest torrential rain and flooding they had ever seen.
Now the government is working on new legislation aimed at lowering the risks of that happening again, in part by merging efforts to adapt to climate change and reduce disaster risks in a bid to make development efforts more resilient.
Honiara, the capital city of the Solomon Islands, faces a myriad of resilience challenges. Not only is the city already exposed to multiple natural hazards, a changing climate will amplify many of the adverse impacts into the future. At the same time, rapid urbanization - most obviously expressed through the growth of informal settlements in urban and peri-urban areas - is heightening community exposure and sensitivity to a range of climate and non-climate shocks and stresses.
Heavy rains continue to fall across the South Pacific, as islands from Papua New Guinea to Samoa experience simultaneous flooding in a "first time" event.
Heavy rains continue to fall across the South Pacific, causing flooding from Papua New Guinea's east to Samoa.
Parts of the Samoan capital, Apia, have flooded, with authorities advising families living near rivers to move to higher ground.
Mata'afa Keni Lese from the Samoa Observer says it is unusual to see flooding simultaneously across so many parts of the Pacific.
The first National Drought Policy Workshop and Consultations hosted by the Government of Solomon Islands was held this month.
The workshop and consultations brought together national stakeholders from sectors in the Solomon Islands together with the Solomon Islands Meteorological Service (SIMS) and the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) to work towards developing a National Drought Policy for the country.
Honiara, Solomon Islands: Six Solomon Islands communities have successfully completed mapping out their climate change adaptation plans for this year until 2018 and beyond.
The plans are a result of an intensive planning process conducted at rural communities in Ferafalu of Manaoba Island in the Malaita Province, Tuwo of Fenualoa Island in the Temotu Province, Santa Catalina in the Makira-Ulawa Province, and provincial towns of Tigoa in the Rennell Bellona Province, Taro in the Choiseul Province and Gizo in the Western Province.
SUBMITTED BY EVAN WASUKA ON FRI, 05/13/2016
With the throttle at full tilt, the boat cut through the surf, spraying salt water into the air.
Around me, the unfolding scenery is breathtaking. White sandy beaches, turquoise blue seas, swaying coconut palms – the textbook image of paradise in the South Pacific.
What more could one ask for in paradise?
Water, is what they will tell you. “They” are the people of Nanngu Village on the island of Santa Cruz in the far east of Solomon Islands.
Source: Reuters - Mon, 9 May 2016 21:45 GMT
By Sebastien Malo
NEW YORK, May 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Five tiny Pacific islands have disappeared due to rising seas and erosion, a discovery thought to be the first scientific confirmation of the impact of climate change on coastlines in the Pacific, according to Australian researchers.
Read the full article on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
After more than three hours of weaving courageously across the unforgiving waves of the open sea, three banana boats land on the beautiful shores of Fenualoa Island, where 531 people of the Tuwo Community call home. Stepping onto the beach, we are greeted with flower, songs, and coconut bread – an incredibly warm island community welcome.
Flowers, songs, banana bread, this is the warm welcome you get arriving on the island of Fenolua in the Solomon Islands. Here, you can experience the untouched, unspoiled beauty of this island country: coral-ringed beaches, rainforest-covered mountains and the stunning sea.
More than 180 people have been killed in the Solomon Islands and over half the population affected in recent years by disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, floods and storms. As recently as 2014, severe flooding killed people and affected more than 50,000.The nation’s capital, Honiara, was worst hit with entire houses washed away and infrastructure damaged.
To address these challenges the Solomon Islands Government is committed to the better integration of climate change and disaster risk management (CCDRM) into broader socio-economic development processes.
The World Health Organisation says hospitals in the Pacific region are struggling to cope with the effects of climate change and coastal erosion.
The Solomon Islands is set to have a one-stop-shop database of maps and relevant information that shows decision-makers where risks like flooding, erosion and landslides are high.
From the data collected so far, staff in the Solomon Islands' Ministry of Environment Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology (MECDM) have observed that flooding in the Solomon Islands has been getting worse over the past few years.
Author: Dana MacLean
AVUAVU, Solomon Islands (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - An abandoned airstrip overgrown with weeds marks the entrance to this village of 400 people on Guadalcanal, the largest of the Solomon Islands. Since January, it has been home to the Solomon’s first automatic weather station, a device that may help the Pacific archipelago nation bear up to climate change.
Read the full article