On 15 December 2013, fighting erupted in Juba among members of the Presidential Guard, and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) subsequently split between forces loyal to the Government and those loyal to former Vice-President Riek Machar. In the days that followed, the conflict spread to the states of Greater Upper Nile (Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile) after local SPLA forces disintegrated, often along ethnic lines. Since then, the conflict has created a major protection crisis and forced more than 2.27 million people from their homes.
This report is the fifth in a series of Protection Trends papers prepared by the South Sudan Protection Cluster in close collaboration with the three sub-clusters and other protection actors.3 After providing an overview of the main security, political and economic developments, the paper discusses selected key issues reported and observed between 1 April and early July 2015: forced displacement, gender based violence, grave violations of children’s rights, protection threats at UNMISS Protection of Civilians (POC) sites, the protection situation outside the Greater Upper Nile region, …
In the past months, South Sudan has continued to experience a pattern of failed political negotiations, internal political struggles and economic decline. Coupled with ongoing active hostilities by the parties to the conflict in Greater Upper Nile as well as inter-ethnic violence in other States, this dynamic has perpetuated the existence of a fragile and turbulent protection and security environment for the people of South Sudan.