FOREWORD BY THE HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR
POPULATION TOTALE 18,9M
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 4,1M
PERSONNES CIBLÉES 1,56M
FONDS REQUIS EN USD 263M
N° PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES 156
PRÉFACE PAR LA COORDONNATRICE HUMANITAIRE
In response to the deterioration of the nutritional situation (increase of the national global acute malnutrition prevalence from 11.9% in 2016 to 13.9% in 2017, SMART 2017) and the food insecurity threatening directly 890,000 persons in Chad, (IPC 2017) the Humanitarian Country Team, the Ministry of Public Health and ECHO are increasing their efforts on resource mobilisation and response to the crisis.
World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policymakers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions.
The information presented covers two main areas: humanitarian needs and assistance in 2016, and humanitarian trends, challenges and opportunities.
UNICEF and its partners continued to respond to the cholera outbreak in the regions of Sila and Salamat. At the end of October 2017, 708 cases of which 23 deaths (death rate of 3.82%) were reported.
Preliminary results of the SMART were published showing an increase in the national prevalence of the global acute malnutrition (from 11.9% to 13.9%). This rate exceed the emergency threshold of 15% in 12 out of 23 regions of the country.
• A cholera outbreak is reported in Sila Region, eastern Chad, near the border with Sudan. 152 cases have been reported with 23 deaths by the end of August 2011
• 11 million USD have been allocated by the UFE CERF to Chad. 6.5 million USD will be used to support refugees and returnees from CAR with multipurpose cash, 3 million USD will ensure availability of basic services for CAR refugees and returnees (health, nutrition, education), and 1.5 million USD will be allocated to UNHAS to allow continued humanitarian access.
Since 22 July, an estimated 1,300 households totalling approximately 6,000 people arrived from Niger to a new site named Dar al-Kheir. These Arab nomads explained that they fled from the Diffa region out of fear of attacks following the recent withdrawal of Chadian soldiers protecting the area. As of end of July, their status (refugees, returnees or other) was still being discussed.
The 2017 nutrition SMART survey was launched with a pilot survey on 25 July, and data will be collected through smartphones, reducing errors.
• From 7 to 9 June, a multi-sectoral inter-agency assessment mission was carried out in five villages in the Sub-Prefecture of Kangalom, to assess the conditions of areas of return of formerly displaced persons (around 11,000) returning to the islands. The mission recommended that urgent interventions are needed in the areas of WASH and education since there are no existing facilities.
At a glance
3.7 million people of concern as of end of June 2017
An increase in attacks and incursions of armed elements is witnessed in the Lac region: 4 main incidents left almost 60 people dead, several injured, and destruction of livelihoods. Following the attacks, several displacements of people have been reported (at least 700 people seeking refuge in IDP sites)
UNICEF Child Alert on Myanmar: Fruits of rapid development and reconciliation efforts yet to reach remote, conflict-affected regions
New report calls for improved humanitarian access to estimated 2.2 million children affected by violence, and end to child rights violations
Flare ups of violence in and around Avdiivka and the city of Donetsk continued to affect the centralised water supply, electricity and heating systems, with 1.8 million people, including approximately 252,000 children, on both sides of the ‘contact line’ at risk for days.
Due to the surge in fighting, at least 10 educational facilities were damaged and 17 closed, which is affecting the learning of approximately 5,000 children on both sides of the ‘contact line’.
• The OSCE Special Monitoring Mission noted a significant increase in ceasefire violations in Donetsk Oblast, including over 10,330 explosions, compared with around 2,500 in December 2016;
• Due to conflict escalation in late January, approximately 1.8 million people, including 252,000 children, on both sides of the ‘contact line,’ are at risk as critical civilian infrastructure (i.e. water, electricity, heating) was damaged;
In December, over one hundred cease fire violations were recorded daily along the ‘contact line’;
Under the umbrella of UNHCR, UNICEF delivered 160 tons of education supplies and materials for schools and kindergartens in Luhansk, NGCA;
Due to destroyed powerlines, Siverskyi Donets-Donbass Channel, which supplies bulk water to more than four million people in Donetsk Oblast, has temporarily reduced water supply by 50 per cent;
The political situation in Ukraine remains tense and humanitarian access to nongovernment controlled areas (NGCAs) continues to pose a challenge. Breaches of the ceasefire agreement occur daily along the contact line,1 contributing to a volatile security situation that threatens further displacement. The conflict continues to impact nearly 4.4 million people in eastern Ukraine.
During the month of November, there was a sharp increase in fighting in eastern Ukraine, registering over 2,000 incidents daily.
More than 4,500 children were unable to go to school for several days due to an attack which damaged a main pipeline that supplies drinking water and centralised heating for more than 80,000 people on both sides of the ‘contact line’ in Donetsk oblast.
UNICEF repaired and rehabilitated over 17 km of pipelines to ensure uninterrupted access to safe drinking water in Donetsk oblast.