• Over 178,000 children and caregivers have access to UNICEFsupported psycho-social programming through 2018 programming
• UNICEF has provided over 38,100 children 6-59 months and pregnant and breastfeeding women with micronutrient supplementation in 2018
• WASH support continues for over 51,667 people in Rakhine State with access to sufficient water
• Thus far this year, UNICEF Education programmes have provided emergency learning materials and recreation supplies for over 77,800 children.
• In October 2018, the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela worldwide reached three million, at least 2.4 million of them are hosted by countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region.
• UNICEF estimates that the number of children in need has surpassed 460,000, taking into consideration the needs of migrant children, non-Venezuelan returnees and those living in host communities where services are struggling to fulfil the increasing demands.
In 2018, the crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) drastically worsened, spreading to previously unaffected areas and impacting the Great Lakes region. The ongoing conflicts across much of eastern and central DRC continue to cause significant displacement, damage to property and tragic loss of human life.
• The total number of IDPs in the three northeast states has increased to 1.81 million people, with an increase of 2 per cent and 8 per cent recorded in Borno and Adamawa, respectively.
• UNICEF has participated actively in the Humanitarian Planning Cycle, and has finalized its planning figures, including budgets, for UNICEF’s child protection, education, health, nutrition and WASH activities. Planning figures and budgets were also finalized for the education, nutrition and WASH sectors, and for the child protection sub-sector.
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
• An estimated 177,174 children with life threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were treated from January to October 2018. The children reached represent 102 per cent of the overall UNICEF 2018 planning target of 173,000 SAM children.
• A UNICEF-supported inter-agency assessment found 102 children, all boys, reported to be associated with the Puntland forces in Tukaraq military base, in need of further screening and separation from the military.
• In October in Al-Hassakeh governorate in Syria, almost 70,000 school children (70 per cent of all children attending Ministry of Education schools) were negatively impacted by a local authority decision to ban transportation of children to schools to attend the nationally accredited curriculum. UNICEF and partners are advocating with the local authorities to resolve the issue.
Two tropical storms and sustained heavy rainfall during July, August and September 2018 have affected the entire country, including an estimated 2,400 villages and 132,000 households. 3,616 households have been evacuated, and 55 people reportedly died. Approximately 150 km of national and provincial roads, as well as 133 km of district and 350 km of rural roads and 47 bridges have been damaged.
UNICEF together with all United Nations agencies in Yemen is calling for urgent action on five key issues to avert a human catastrophe, in particular on: cessation of hostilities in Al Hudaydah and the rest of the country, addressing the massive malnutrition rates and underlying causes of food insecurity, intervening on essential infrastructure damages, tackling the ongoing depreciation of the Yemeni Rial (YER) and restoring payments of civil servants.
• Out of 806 children screened for malnutrition amongst new arrivals, 131 of 146 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were from inaccessible areas.
• With the declaration of cholera in Yobe on 19 September, all the three northeast states are now experiencing cholera outbreaks. Yobe has reported 1,147 cases (with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 5.4 per cent), while Borno has reported 3,537 cumulative cases (CFR 1.8 per cent), and Adamawa has reported 2,332 (CFR 1.5 per cent).
• Overall 2,860 measles cases and 79 deaths have been reported since the declaration of the outbreak in May 2018. To date, some 494,474 children have been vaccinated and UNICEF has purchased an additional 1,912,000 vaccine doses that will arrive in the country in mid-October.
• 173,772 children aged 6 to 59 months have been admitted for severe acute malnutrition in UNICEF supported health facilities since January 2018
Despite prevailing insecurity and widespread landmine contamination, the number of crossings of the ‘contact line’ through the five operational Entry/Exit Checkpoints (EECPs) increased in October, with over 1.2 million crossings recorded during the month. Shelling, sniper fire and explosions of landmines were frequently reported at and around the EECPs. On 18 October, a civilian car was hit by a sniper fire, while waiting to cross the EECP ‘Marinka’ (Donetska oblast).
Key issues in the past week:
• A total of 282,000 people have been verified as having been displaced by conflict in 2018.
• Three new polio cases have been recorded in the south and east of the country.
• 223,100 people are currently estimated to be displaced in the western region as a result of drought.
9,758 New IDPs reported in the past week
158,000 People assisted in the past week
282,000 Total verified IDPs in 2018
• The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence between August and October 2018 is projected to be above 10 percent in all regions of Somalia except for a few districts in the north west. Between January and September 2018, UNICEF and partners have reached 162,750 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) with lifesaving therapeutic nutrition treatment; representing 94 percent of its annual target.