The Syrian conflict, now in its eighth year, has caused continued and staggering suffering of civilians. In the context of armed conflict, besiegement, displacement, increasing poverty and reliance on harmful coping mechanisms, civilians face numerous and overlapping protection risks. Despite the challenging security environment and access constraints, humanitarian actors continue to respond to the humanitarian needs occurring on an overwhelming scale in Syria.
Civilian casualties: In September, OHCHR recorded 20 conflict-related civilian casualties (5 killed and 15 injured). Three boys were killed and one severely injured due to a landmine explosion near Horlivka (Donetsk NGCA). Overall, mine and ERW-related incidents accounted for 50% of casualties.
Security: On 11 September, a school in Zolote-5 (Luhansk NGCA) came under fire and children were evacuated to bomb shelters.
Internal displacement: From 1 January to the end of August 2018, 223,169 individuals fled their homes due to conflict. 32 out of 34 provinces had recorded some level of forced displacement, while another 32 provinces are hosting IDPs. 56% IDPs are children, facing additional risks due to the flight and plight of the displacement, including child recruitment, child labour and increased GBV risks. According to OCHA, 18% IDPs are displaced in hard to reach areas.
Core Group in need: 2.6 million IDPs + refugee returnees, other civilians affected by armed conflict, violence, insecurity and disaster.
308,294 individuals reached through protection activities from January to June 2018 including: 65,372 girls / 118,599 women 61,210 boys / 63,113 men
US$ 98 million required / $US10.7 Million (10.9%) received
Protection in focus: Main trends
Civilian casualties: In July-August OHCHR recorded 26 conflict-related civilian casualties (4 killed and 22 injured). Contamination of agricultural lands by mines and UXOs led to four casualties among agricultural workers.
Población censada: 1010 personas
Riesgos de protección
• Fuerte presencia; control social y territorial de grupos armados.
• Amenazas a líderes de la comunidad.
• Presencia de minas.
• Falta de acceso a asistencia y servicio.
• Alta tasa de gestantes menores de edad.
• Violencia sexual normalizada y no denunciada;
desconocimiento de la ruta nacional.
The Syrian conflict, now in its eighth year, has caused continued and staggering suffering of civilians. In the context of armed conflict, besiegement, displacement, increasing poverty and a reliance on harmful coping mechanisms, civilians face numerous and overlapping protection risks. Despite the challenging security environment, humanitarian actors continue to respond to the humanitarian needs occurring on an overwhelming scale in Syria.
“In situations of forced displacement, the ties which hold a community together are often severely weakened or broken. Open and regular interaction between individuals and groups, their shared values and interests, and their means of minimizing disparities and avoiding marginalization, may need to be supported to regenerate during displacement… Community centers are safe and public places where women, men, boys and girls of diverse backgrounds can meet for social events, recreation, education and livelihood programmes, information exchange, and other purposes.
Civilian casualties: OHCHR recorded 61 conflict-related civilian casualties. This is a 32 per cent increase compared with April 2018.
Security situation: A significant increase of hostilities affecting more than 20 settlements on both sides of the contact line resulted in damage to over 192 civilian houses and flats, 6 educational and healthcare facilities 1 and disruption of electricity, water and gas supply.
A six-month report on civilian impact from armed violence in Al-Hudaydah, Sa’ada, Sana’a,Capital and Marib. (December 2017 - May,2018)
Armed violence is generating high civilian impact, including casualties
Across Syria, the Protection Sector is working to improve the protection environment of millions of people facing protection risks and needs. In 2018, the protection sector aims to provide 9.7 million protection interventions to people affected by the conflict all across Syria. The protection sector welcomes new protection partners and actors who support programming in Syria to help those in need. The following document introduces briefly who we are and provides key contacts. The Whole of Syria response has three main operational response centres, in Amman, Damascus and Gaziantep.
It is widely anticipated that a military push to capture Al-Hudaydah city will be initiated in the short to medium term.
Negotiations are ongoing but currently not the most likely scenario, which instead is an intensification in armed conflict. In the short term,this is likely in the form of air raids and naval shelling, potentially including on vital infrastructure and non-military targets.
NINEWA GOVERNORATE - GENERAL CONTEXT
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) reports that 17,882 families (107,292 individuals) returned in March. In addition to the return of IDPs, 128 Iraqi asylum-seekers returned from neighbouring Turkey and Syria.
ANBAR GOVERNORATE - GENERAL CONTEXT