Neta C. Crawford
All told, between 480,000 and 507,000 people have been killed in the United States’ post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. This tally of the counts and estimates of direct deaths caused by war violence does not include the more than 500,000 deaths from the war in Syria, raging since 2011, which the US joined in August 2014.
This document analyses the successful effort
to establish an international treaty to ban landmines, providing a detailed
examination of the dynamics of the process, the key reasons for its success,
and an elaboration on its wider meaning.
In addition, a historical discussion of early campaigns to ban particular weapons such as the dum dum bullet is provided, as well as an assessment of three similar campaigns: the International Criminal Court (ICC), child soldiers, and small arms.