August 2018, continued to be a month when conflict and insecurity forced many people to flee their homes. However, in Unity, despite fighting in some areas, there was an opportunity to allow a planned humanitarian response that had been delayed to take place in Leer and Mayendit Counties. Humani - tarians had not been able to access the counties for months, due to fighting. Cholera vaccinations for 40,000 people were also done in Leer County.
• On 17 May, 210 children were released from the pro-Machar SPLA-iO and National Salvation Front (NSF) in Pibor. This represents the third release in 2018, bringing the total number of children released from armed forces/groups and supported with reintegration services in 2018 to 806.
Introduction and Context
A joint effort to clear unexploded mines and ammunition, and to educate people about the risks of remnants of war, is helping keep cattle herders and local communities safe in the Northern Bahr El Ghazal region of South Sudan.
A patrol involving a team from the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) and the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) visited Majak-Joong, a cattle camp located in the far north of the country, near the border with Sudan and Abyei.
The swift response of Danish Demining Group’s Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) team enabled access to food-drop zone for over 23,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and local residents in South Sudan.
In February 2018, population displacement was reported in Unity and Central Equatoria following clashes between government and opposition forces. From 16 to 17 February, fighting in Bauw, Koch County (Unity), led to civilian deaths, destruction of homes and displacement. Brief clashes were also reported in Leer town. In Central Equatoria, over 3,360 IDPs (653 households) were displaced from Makaia to Yei town, after fighting broke out.
Juba, 27 March 2018 - The Government of Japan has contributed US $1,000,000 for the mine action project "Enhancing the Humanitarian Mine Action Programme in South Sudan". Over the past six years, Japan has contributed over US $14 million to mine action operations in South Sudan, enabling the clearance of 3,034,713 sqm of land, the removal of 20,180 explosive hazards and the delivery of Mine Risk Education to 140,800 people, including 91,144 children.
13 out of a total of 52 villages were deserted (25%);
31 out of 52 villages had water points (60%). In five villages these were non-functional;
52 out of 166 assessed water points are non-functional (31%);
1 out of 13 assessed health facilities was not operating;
In order to respond to future disease outbreaks, training was considered top priority, followed by support in increased public awareness, transport capacities and refrigeration;
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
As the conflict in South Sudan enters its fifth year in 2018, the humanitarian crisis has continued to intensify and expand due to the compounding effects of widespread violence and the deteriorating economic situation.
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
As the conflict in South Sudan enters its fifth year in 2018, the humanitarian crisis has continued to intensify and expand, on a costly trajectory for the country’s people and their outlook on the future. The compounding effects of widespread violence and sustained economic decline have further diminished the capacity of people to face threats to their health, safety and livelihoods.
People in need of assistance and protection number 7 million, even as more than 2 million have fled to neighbouring countries.
In the first half of 2017, humanitarian needs in South Sudan continued to escalate. The crisis remained first and foremost a protection crisis. The number of people displaced rose to nearly 4 million—including 1.9 million internally displaced and more than 1.9 million refugees—following large-scale government offensives in Jonglei and Upper Nile, and insecurity in the Equatorias. The majority of those displaced were women and children.