OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
As the conflict in South Sudan enters its fifth year in 2018, the humanitarian crisis has continued to intensify and expand due to the compounding effects of widespread violence and the deteriorating economic situation.
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
As the conflict in South Sudan enters its fifth year in 2018, the humanitarian crisis has continued to intensify and expand, on a costly trajectory for the country’s people and their outlook on the future. The compounding effects of widespread violence and sustained economic decline have further diminished the capacity of people to face threats to their health, safety and livelihoods.
People in need of assistance and protection number 7 million, even as more than 2 million have fled to neighbouring countries.
In the first half of 2017, humanitarian needs in South Sudan continued to escalate. The crisis remained first and foremost a protection crisis. The number of people displaced rose to nearly 4 million—including 1.9 million internally displaced and more than 1.9 million refugees—following large-scale government offensives in Jonglei and Upper Nile, and insecurity in the Equatorias. The majority of those displaced were women and children.
National CCCM Cluster
• Thousands of civilians have been displaced in Longochuk and Maiwut counties, following fighting.
• One hundred humanitarian access incidents were reported in South Sudan in June, the highest number recorded in any month so far in 2017.
• Deaths caused by malaria represent 76.9 per cent of all disease-related deaths recorded so far in 2017.
• Humanitarians are striving to improve the situation of nearly 60,000 internally displaced persons who are living in the protected area and other collective sites in Wau, in extrem
A growing number of women deminers are clearing up bomb and unexploded ordnance - most of them mothers wanting to provide safety for their families
By Stefanie Glinski
JUBA, July 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Margret has decided that South Sudan is not a place to raise children, but she is changing this for future generations.
That's why – 10 years ago – the mother of two joined the country's 400 to 500 deminers, digging up remnants of past and present wars – bombs, unexploded ordnances and landmines.
An updated Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) was released in June, highlighting that food security has deteriorated further in South Sudan. The severely food insecure population has grown to 6 million (from 4.9 million in February) and accounts for about 50 per cent of the total population. An estimated 1.1 million children are estimated to be acutely malnourished.
• One year on from the declaration of the cholera outbreak in South Sudan on 18 June 2016, new cases continue to be reported.
• Early warning and mobilization of a large-scale, multi-sectoral humanitarian response have eased famine in Leer and Mayendit counties. However, an unprecedented 6 million people are now severely food insecure.
• Humanitarians continue to ramp-up their response to the needs of tens of thousands of civilians displaced in northern and central Jonglei.
1. Following the independence of South Sudan on 9 July 2011, the Economic and Social Council, through its resolution 2011/43, expressed interest in working with partners in addressing the extensive humanitarian, peacebuilding and development challenges facing the country. The present report is the sixth on South Sudan submitted to the Council since the country’s independence.
Humanitarian agencies are intensifying their efforts to provide clean drinking water to thousands of civilians fleeing fierce fighting in the Upper Nile region of South Sudan as the threat of a cholera outbreak looms.
Peacekeeping troops have been urgently deployed to Aburoc in the Upper Nile region by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to help enable the delivery of much needed humanitarian assistance.
“The aim is to provide humanitarian groups with the confidence they need to resume the provision of urgent assistance to tens of thousands of people in Aburoc who are fleeing the ongoing violence,” said the Head of UNMISS, David Shearer.
Insecurity and displacement increase needs for all conflict-affected populations; however, children are uniquely impacted by violence and protection concerns.
The dangers posed by remnants of war to the children of South Sudan, has prompted the United Nations Mine Actions Service - UNMAS - to develop specifically targeted Mine risk education interventions.
“The problem is quite significant, many years of conflict have left many remnants of war, unexploded items around the place,” said Tim Lardner, UNMAS program manager in South Sudan.
Gunyoro village in South Sudan used to be a minefield. All the known landmines have now been removed and destroyed, enabling the community here to rebuild.
THE JAMES FAMILY'S STORY
The James family fled Torit County in South Sudan because of conflict. When they returned they found themselves unable to re-establish their lives and livelihoods because of the presence of landmines:
Juba, 28 March 2017 – The Government of Japan has contributed USD 906,000 for the mine action project “Humanitarian Mine Action in Support of Conflict Affected Communities in South Sudan.” Over the past five years, Japan has contribution over USD 13 million to mine action operations in South Sudan. Last year alone, Japanese-funded teams cleared a total of 1,799,211 sqm, and closed 450 spot tasks including emergency operations by UNMAS Quick Response Teams to survey and clear civilian locations in Juba in the immediate aftermath of conflict in July 2016.