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16 Feb 2018 description
report REACH Initiative

Overview

At the end of 2017, an estimated 45% of the national population remaining within South Sudan, (nearly 5 million individuals), was severely food insecure under the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) in South Sudan.1 In some of the most food insecure areas, humanitarian access remains problematic. To support the humanitarian response and to identify hotspot areas of food insecurity, REACH utilizes the Area of Knowledge (AoK) remote monitoring methodology.

15 Feb 2018 description
report REACH Initiative

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Between October 2016 and May 2017, 20 of the hard-to-reach and besieged communities in Syria that are covered by REACH’s Community Profiles assessments reached truce agreements. While humanitarian conditions seemingly improved significantly following these truce agreements, most of them were preceded by months of escalated violent conflict and severely deteriorated humanitarian conditions.

15 Feb 2018 description

Jober is a neighbourhood on the eastern boundaries of Damascus city that sits adjacent to Eastern Ghouta. It was reclassified from hard-to-reach (HTR) to besieged by the United Nations (UN) in November 2016. Of the areas assessed in the satellite analysis, Jober has, by far, sustained the most damage; it has been an active frontline for the majority of the assessment period. According to REACH data obtained by Community Representatives, the majority of Jober’s population was displaced to Eastern Ghouta in March 2017 due to an escalation in conflict in the community.

14 Feb 2018 description

Context

Akobo town is located in the eastern side of Akobo County, Jonglei State, close to the land and river border crossings with Ethiopia. Akobo is a key point of trade and transit between South Sudan and Ethiopia.

14 Feb 2018 description

Ein Terma is a community in Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus, that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. With an increase in conflict in the adjacent Damascus neighbourhood of Jober in March 2017, Ein Terma began to host a significant IDP population. By June 2017 as the offensive shifted towards Ein Terma, this resulted in a sharp increase in shelling and airstrikes and further displacement of both Ein Terma residents and hosted IDPs to other communities within Eastern Ghouta.

14 Feb 2018 description

Zamalka is a community located in central Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. The regions sits directly east of the Damascus neighbourhood of Jober, the latter of which has been a site of active conflict of varying degrees for the majority, if not all, of the assessment period. According to the satellite imagery analysis, Zamalka has the third highest rate of damaged structures of the area assessed.

14 Feb 2018 description

Arbin is a community in Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus, that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. The community reportedly has mobile clinics/field hospitals and informal emergency care points for medical facilities. Attacks on healthcare facilities have reportedly increased toward the end of 2017. In May 2017, Community Representatives reported that a field hospital was struck in Arbin, damaging the surgical wing of the facility. Meanwhile, pre-conflict primary, secondary, and high schools are reportedly functioning in the community.

14 Feb 2018 description

Hammura is a community located in central Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. Due to the community’s more central location within Eastern Ghouta, the number of structures damaged is lower than in assessed communities neighbouring Damascus. Despite the lower extent of damage, Hammura has still witnessed major displacement of its pre-conflict population and nearly half of the community's current population are reported to be IDPs from neighbouring communities.

14 Feb 2018 description

Saqba is a community located in central Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. Due to the community’s central location within Eastern Ghouta, the number of structures damaged is lower than in assessed communities neighbouring Damascus. Despite the lower extent of damage,

14 Feb 2018 description

Kafr Batna is a community located in central Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. Of the ten communities that REACH assesses in Eastern Ghouta, Kafr Batna is one of only four that reportedly has a pre-conflict hospital. The hospital is still functioning. Mobile clinics/field hospitals and informal emergency care points are also reportedly operating in the community.

14 Feb 2018 description

Jisrein is a community located in central Eastern Ghouta, an agricultural region east of Damascus that has been classified by the United Nations as besieged since 2013. Jisrein in comparison with other assessed Eastern Ghouta communities has witnessed less displacement of its population, and nearly half of its current population are IDPs. The community has functioning mobile clinics/field hospitals, informal emergency care points, and primary healthcare facilities.