Tanja Bernstein and Alischa Kugel
Conflict prevention is often seen as an activity undertaken at the national level with key actors involved residing in capitals or neighboring states. More and more, practitioners are focusing on local conflict dynamics, realizing the importance of addressing these conflicts as part of a wider conflict prevention strategy.
Since the adoption of its Global Strategy in 2016, European foreign and security policy has been in transition. In the Sahel, missions are being “regionalized,” the topic of migration management is gaining in importance, and there are significant structural changes in the works in Brussels. In addition, there is also a completely new instrument in the EU’s crisis management portfolio: the so-called “stabilization action” in Mali which is the first operationalization of Article 28 of the Treaty of Lisbon.
New ZIF Policy Briefing: Operationalizing Conflict Prevention - Peace and Development Advisors in Non-mission Settings
This map offers a comprehensive overview of the peace operations deployed by the UN, EU, AU, OSCE, and other organizations.
A comparison with last year’s edition shows a moderate decline in the number of personnel deployed worldwide. This is largely due to the closures of the UN operation in Côte d’Ivoire and the EU operation in Afghanistan, as well as the downsizing of several other UN missions. Another notable development is the growth of the personnel numbers deployed in UN Special Political Missions.
„Is everything going according to plan? Can the elections take place? What about security?”, Mechthild Henneke and Reinhold Osterhus ask the captain of the Columbian Air Forces nagging questions. They are sitting in a gym in the Upper Franconian village of Rödelmaier, however within the reality of the training scenario the village is located in the fictional country of Obsidia.
The training „Blue Flag“ should train 23 soldiers from Germany, Columbia, Zambia and other countries to become „Military Experts on Mission” (MEoM).
Hands-on information and practical advice for everyday life and work in the field as well as background information on crisis management structures in international organizations lie at the heart of the new handbook “In Control: A Practical Guide for Civilian Experts Working in Crisis Management Missions.” It has been developed in the realm of Europe’s New Training Initiative for Civilian Crisis Management (ENTRi) by the project coordination team at ZIF.
By: Alischa Kugel
Almost a year ago the High-Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations ( HIPPO ) published its report offering a broad range of recommendations aimed at enhancing UN peace operations. Their implementation is currently working its way through the UN system, particularly those aspects taken up in the Secretary General’s ( SG ) subsequent implementation report. However, additional issues deserve Member States’ consideration and support. Particular attention should be given to those reform aspects that make an immediate difference for field missions.
At the request of the General Assembly and the Security Council the Advisory Group of Experts for the 2015 Review of the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture prepared a report titled “The Challenge of Sustaining Peace” in June 2015. This report represents the first part of a two-stage review of the role and positioning of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO), the Peace- building Fund (PBF) as well as other UN entities active in peacebuilding.
The UN Peacebuilding Architecture
A roundtable on the Trilateral Cooperation in Peace Operations in Africa (7th-8th October 2015) kicked off today in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
In 2015, the African Standby Force (ASF), a key component of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) is meant to reach full operational capability. More than a decade ago, in line with the growing political ambitions of African states to play a stronger role in relation to peace and security on the continent, African Union (AU) members decided to establish their own rapidly deployable, multi-dimensional peace operations capability. Despite significant progress attained the development of the ASF has been uneven over the course of the past decade.
On 1 December 2014, the EU Advisory Mission (EUAM) for Civilian Security Sector Reform Ukraine began its activities as the second international civilian mission in the country.
In support of the restoration or establishment of the rule of law (RoL) in crisis and post-crisis contexts, assistance to justice and security sector reform (JSSR) has been at the core of EU and UN peace operations for more than a decade, and will continue to be a major task for both organizations in the coming years. However, there is still no clear joint strategic or operational approach to JSSR. Instead, both organizations have often deployed parallel missions to the field on the basis of ad hoc coordination during planning phases and on the ground.
Bury it in your backpack, squeeze it into your pocket or just put it under your pillow: Thanks to its handy format and robust shell, this book is made to survive rough treatment on the ground and to accompany you the whole way through the mission and back!
A key question posed by the organizers of the fourth International Expert Forum (IEF) was whether peacebuilding writ large has contributed empirically to improving safety, security, justice, democratization, and economic recovery, and thus contributed to positive development. Researchers, practitioners, and decision makers at the forum reflected on UN activities over the past two decades and initiatives undertaken independently by governments alongside multilateral, bilateral, and nongovernmental entities.
Both the UN’s Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (HRDDP) and the future development of robust peace operations have caused considerable debate in recent months among practitioners and policy makers. The Center for International Peace Operations undertook to host a group of key UN stakeholders in Berlin with a view to taking stock of the state of these discussions, sharing up-to-date information, collecting open questions and developing policy options.
On 18 March a Challenges Forum Research Seminar took place in Oslo, hosted by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) in association with the UN Police Division. In three separate sessions it examined the evolution of UN police peacekeeping; transnational organized crime and strategic perspectives on police capacity-building.
The question of whether and how to evaluate interventions in crisis and conflict regions will undoubtedly remain on the agenda of Germany’s new governing coalition.
Over the last decade, African countries, with the support of international partners, have engaged in a collective effort to develop regional capacities for peace support operations. Under the umbrella of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), the African Union (AU), three Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and two Regional Mechanisms (RMs) have worked to develop the African Standby Force (ASF).