Four years after the fall of the Taleban, an estimated 153,000 people remain displaced in Afghanistan, with the largest concentration in the south of the country near Kandahar. While drought accounts for the displacement of the largest group of internally displaced people (IDPs), mainly Kuchi nomads, thousands of Pashtuns are waiting for the political and economic situation to stabilise in the north and west. Whereas the same assistance is being provided to all IDP groups during displacement, return strategies differ for each group.
An estimated six million of Sudan's more than 30 million citizens have been forced from their homes as a direct or indirect result of fighting between government troops and allied militias on the one hand and various insurgent groups on the other during the last few decades.
At least 29 IDPs were killed and several others seriously injured when the Aro Sharow camp in Sudan's West Darfur region was attacked by several hundred armed militiamen at the end of September. This is the first time since the Darfur conflict erupted in February 2003 that an IDP camp has come under direct attack, and signals an alarming deterioration in the security situation in the region. At the same time a spate of attacks on villages in North Darfur has displaced more than 5,000 people in recent weeks and severely hampered humanitarian access to IDP camps in the region.
International talks to determine whether Kosovo should be given independence or remain a part of Serbia - expected to open before the end of 2005 following a recent recommendation to the UN Security Council by Secretary-General Kofi Annan - will ultimately allow Kosovo IDPs to make an informed decision about whether or not to return. Uncertainty about the future political status of Kosovo, together with continuing security fears, has been a serious obstacle to the return of internally displaced people from the province.
Since April 2002, close to four million internally displaced Angolans have gone home following the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the governing MPLA and UNITA, which marked the end of 27 years of civil war. However, a joint IDP assessment carried out by the United Nations and the Angolan government found that there are still more than 91,000 people who remain displaced as a result of the war. They are located in Cabinda, Huila, Kuando Kubango, Luanda and Moxico provinces. In Cabinda the massive presence of Angolan armed forces is an obstacle to the return of the displaced.
The tsunami of December 2004 forced a million Sri Lankans from their homes, adding a new displacement crisis to that caused by the island's long-running civil war. As of mid-2005, some 800,000 people remained displaced, 450,000 from the natural disaster and 350,000 from the human conflict.
This summary outlines the main findings of the newly updated country profile on internal displacement in Liberia. The profile was prepared by the Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council, which monitors and analyses internal displacement in over 50 countries worldwide. The full country profile is available from the Project's Database or upon request by e-mail.
Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority. Many others, predominantly Hutus, were forcibly displaced into camps by the government in the second half of the 1990s. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) peaked in 1999, with over 800,000 displaced, 12 per cent of the population.
Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are believed to have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations. Displacement peaked in 2003, with an estimated 3.4 million people forced from their homes, most of them in eastern DRC. The UN estimated that over 2.3 million people remained displaced as of mid-2005.
This summary outlines the main findings of the newly updated country profile on internal displacement in Nepal. The profile was prepared by the Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council, which monitors and analyses internal displacement in over 50 countries worldwide.
Decades of conflict and human rights abuses have caused the displacement of more than a million people within Iraq. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) were forcibly displaced under the previous regime, which targeted communities perceived to be in political opposition as well as using forcible displacement as one of its tactics to strengthen control of resource-rich areas.
GENEVA, 11 July 2005 - Hundreds of thousands of internally displaced Iraqis lack adequate shelter, which renders them extremely vulnerable amid continuing insecurity in large parts of the country, warns a report released by the Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council today.
"Lack of shelter is one of the most pressing concerns for Iraq's large internally displaced population", said Raymond Johansen, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council. "Many of the displaced …
GENEVA, 8 July 2005 - Five years after the government and the international community took internal displacement off their agenda in Rwanda, many of the 650,000 people displaced during a Hutu-led insurgency in the northwest of the country in the late 1990s still live under squalid conditions in makeshift settlements, according to a released by the Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council today.
GENEVA, 5 July 2005 - The Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council calls on G8 leaders not to overlook the plight of Africa's internally displaced people in their plans to fight poverty on the continent. More than 13 million people have been uprooted within their own countries by conflicts in Africa. Unable to return to their homes, land and jobs, most of them live in extreme destitution and under constant threat of human rights abuses.
The internal displacement crisis in Burma affects mainly ethnic minority groups, and is particularly acute along the border with Thailand. The military regime's objective of increasing control over minority areas through a policy of forced assimilation and repression of autonomy movements has resulted in decades of conflict that has devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians. The largest concentration of internally displaced people (IDPs) is found among the Karen, Karenni, Shan and Mon ethnic groups in Eastern Burma.
This summary outlines the main findings of the newly updated country profile on internal displacement in Eritrea. The profile was prepared by the Global IDP Project of the Norwegian Refugee Council, which monitors and analyses internal displacement in some 50 countries worldwide. The full country profile is available from the Project's Database (www.idpproject.org) or upon request by e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Tens of thousands of Arab villagers became displaced within Israel on the destruction of their communities during the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbours. Among them, the Bedouin suffered several further waves of internal displacement after the war, and continue to live in particular hardship. The displaced -- including their descendents -- now represent about one quarter of the over one million Arab citizens of Israel.