New research shows that in Bangladesh, heat wave predictability exists from a few days to several weeks in advance, which could save thousands of lives.
In the United States, extreme heat events have killed more people in the last 30 years than has any other weather-related phenomenon. In Europe, at least 136,835 people died due to heat-related health complications between 2000-2016, which represents more than 87 % of all disaster-related deaths in that area.
El Niño conditions in the tropical Pacific are known to shift rainfall patterns in many different parts of the world. Although they vary somewhat from one El Niño to the next, the strongest shifts remain fairly consistent in the regions and seasons shown on the map above.
With a moderate El Niño expected to develop later this year, the global health community is closely monitoring seasonal climate forecasts. A new bulletin released by the IRI addresses ways in which health decision-makers can use climate information to reduce the potential for negative health impacts. IRI is a a WHO/PAHO Collaborating Centre for Early Warning Systems for Malaria and Other Climate Sensitive Diseases.
Climate-related and weather disasters can have a devastating impact on human development. Globally, climate events including floods, droughts, cyclones, heat waves, and mudslides contribute to tens of thousands of deaths, hundreds of thousands of injuries, and billions of dollars in economic losses each year. In developing countries, losses associated with these disasters are a major source of risk that have, in many cases, destroy development gains and accumulated wealth.
In this Q+A, IRI staffers discuss some of the climate-related risks that could affect Haitians over the next year as they struggle to rebuild their country after a devastating earthquake in January. Currently, about 1.2 million Haitians are without proper shelter, and an additional 470,000 have been displaced from their homes, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Climate change and persistent underdevelopment are global challenges. This issue of Climate and Society examines the use of index insurance to help reduce vulnerability and poverty and adapt to climate change. Experience to-date has been limited to individual case studies, which show promise of lessening the impacts of climate shocks and enabling investment and growth in the agriculture sector.