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28 Feb 2009 description

Riding through the storms

Many witnessed the inauguration of the 44th President of the United States. It was closely watched for its symbolic significance as America after many years of struggle finally swore in their first African American President. We too in our country face challenges with a New Year.

We have been rocked by violence and violent images. Our economy faces many perils. The income and livelihood, particularly in tea, rubber, tourism and those of migrant wages face stagnation and losses.

We have wounds to heal in the North and east of our country.

29 Jan 2009 description

The Humanitarian Community in Sri Lanka Express Grave Concern and seeks a safe corridor for Civilians trapped in Mullaitivu

Heavy fighting between Government forces and the LTTE in the Northern Sri Lankan region of the Vanni has resulted in death and injury to civilians trapped in the area.

31 Oct 2008 description

"IN THE MIDST OF ARMS LAWS ARE SILENT"

History of mankind provide us with enough evidence to substantiate the claim that "war is the conduct of politics by other means". In The Republic, Socrates proclaims that" war is derived from causes which are also the causes of almost all the evils in states, private as well as public "

If war is inevitable " it should be conducted with order and a sacred respect for the rights of civilians." observes Immanuel Kant. The humanist philosopher makes another observation "Necessity has no law.

31 Aug 2008 description

WHAT THE THREE TRAVELLERS LEARNT

It happened long ago, that there were three travellers. They came from diff erent parts and so they were travelling diff erent roads. They walked along their roads until they came to the place where the roads joined. That is where they met each other. It was late. The sun sat on the edge of the sky, at that place where it meets the edge of the land. They decided this was the place where they should sleep out the night. When the night was again the day they would walk again. These men were hungry. They had not eaten for a long while. They hunted.

30 Jun 2008 description

ALLIANCES CAN BE PERILOUS

The Ally Of Today May Be The Enemy Of Tomorrow

Alliances formed on the basis of expediency will last only till one of the partners decides that he is the only competent partner while others are lulled in to the soothing illusion of control of the anticipated benefits of their joint enterprise. Therein lies a tale.

In a part of a forest lived a lion named Thunder-Fang, with three counselors, a wolf, a jackal,and a camel, whose names were Meat-Face, Smart, and Spike-Ear.

30 Apr 2008 description

POWER, AUTHORITY AND DISSENT

We live in turbulent times. Dissent runs the risk of denunciation. Criticism could provoke cataclysmic repercussions. Yet we must remain engaged in a dialogue of reason that will allow us to distinguish power from authority. Please let me narrate a folk tale from a land as picturesque as ours.- Lesotho. It is a story of power, authority and dissent.

The land was in the high mountains. It was so because Modimo- the supreme power, created their land where it would be within easy reach of his caring hand.

The people had a bountiful harvest.

29 Feb 2008 description

Paddy @ 20/= Rice @ 60/= what is the mystery?

Can we keep both the Farmer and the Housewife happy?

By Karunarathna Gamage

It is hardly a secret that the rapidly increasing price of rice has now become an unbearable burden for the masses, with both Colombo paddy cultivating areas displaying this trend.

The Government has hitherto been unable to arrest this trend, enjoyed by mill owners who are able to increase the price of rice arbitrarily. The price of rice at the market place is in no way comparable to the Rs. 19/50 paid for a kilo of Naadu paddy and the Rs.

31 Dec 2007 description

PRICE & PENANCE PAID FOR A PERILOUS JOURNEY

Mangalanath Liyanarachchi - Trincomalee

The border, which separates the North from the South at Vavuniya, is a decisive landmark of a merciless twenty five year old war. The people of the North have to stake their lives everyday to cross over an immense, body of water to reach Trincomalee, the only gate-way to the outside world.

The danger lies in crossing the dreaded sea tiger base under the escort of security provided by the Navy, who are targeted by the Tigers.

31 Oct 2007 description

Provide water for the East

By Asvida

Water is central to man's existence. So when one community is deprived of this essential commodity, the very survival of that community is endangered. And supplying water to a deprived group can come as a blessing in a conflict-ridden zone.

The prevailing ceasefire was threatened when the LTTE closed the Mawilaru sluice gates depriving people in the area of water. The military forces then launched a rescue operation.

31 Aug 2007 description

(Extract)

All they want
'NORMAL LIVES'
Will they live on bread or be allowed to cast their fishing nets
D.P. Sumith from Batticaloa

The district of Batticaloa and Trincomalee dominated the agricultural sector of Sri Lanka before the ethnic conflict engulfed this fertile land and its industrious people.

31 Jan 2007 description

Response to floods and landslides: voices from the regions

Are we prepared for ANOTHER DISASTER?

By Prasad Poornamal Jayamanna, Puttalam

Due to incessant rains which lasted a month, several reservoirs in the Udaha area in Puttalam district overflowed, flooding a large area. The problem was aggravated by the fact that flood waters from urunegala, Kuliyapitiya, and Galgamuwa had also entered the district en route to the sea.

31 Jan 2007 description

Conflict and Peace

The Military Situation

On the 10th of January, the Army conducted checks on vehicles and people in Uappa, Andymunai, Pumapitiya, and Selvapuram.

Degree of Violence/Rebellion

On the 05th of January, the Grand Mosque in Puttalam organised a demonstration against the execution of the former ruler of Iraq, Saddam Hussein.

On the 14th of January, the Puttalam Police arrested four persons in Karuwelagaswewa, who robbed four and a half rupees in cash from foreigners.

31 Jan 2007 description

AMPARA

General Situation

Due to the conflict situation in Ampara between the STF and the LTTE, most telephone facilities were disconnected.

Compared to other months, there were fewer killings during the month. Four cases were reported.

On the 19th of January, twelve villages in the Pottuvil area were flooded due heavy rain. Approximately 9560 families were affected and evacuated the area to higher land.

Observance of the Ceasefire Agreement/Security Situation

On the 07th of January, six civilians were severely injured in a claymore blast in the central camp area.

07 Dec 2006 description

Following reports are exclusively the views of the residents living in the conflict districts in the North-East. They include interpretation of the situation, dynamics strategies and options. CHA will make them available at the Friday morning meeting of the Operational Agencies with the objective of initiating immediate better response to the ongoing escalating conflict. The format of the reports is briefly explained below:

STRUCTURES

They give an assessment of the possibility of an out break or an increase in conflict by examining the factors behind violent conflict.

01 Dec 2006 description

This operating manual provides guidelines for humanitarian workers in operationalising internationally accepted codes of conduct in the Sri Lankan context. Consulted and endorsed by humanitarian actors working in the country,the manual with several particular examples will inform practitioners how to behave in consolidating among their humanitarian assistance community in Sri Lanka.

23 Nov 2006 description

General Situation

HAMBANTOTA

The Government has already permitted a project to export mineral sand that has been separated from the ordinary sand of the Hambantota beach. A 15km stretch of the beach in Ambalantota Secretarial Division will be used for this project. According to the Department of Beach Preservation, this project is similar to the activities of the Cooperation of Minerals Pulmude.

The Sales Authority of Sri Lankan Agriculture Products has commenced the paddy harvest of the Yala season, in the Hambantota District.

09 Nov 2006 description

General Situation

Ampara

There is no improvement in the weather condition in the district despite passing showers in certain areas. The monsoons have yet not begun. Though the cultivators have prepared their land for the Maha cultivation, they are unable to do anything without rain.

Despite the distribution of water by the Government and NGOs through bousers, a shortage of portable water still prevails. The amount distributed by the Government and NGOs is insufficient as the demand is high.

As per reports, there have been five killings during October, all by unknown gunmen.

30 Oct 2006 description

Following reports are exclusively the views of the residents living in the conflict districts in the North-East. They include interpretation of the situation, dynamics strategies and options. CHA will make them available at the Friday morning meeting of the Operational Agencies with the objective of initiating immediate better response to the ongoing escalating conflict.

The format of the reports is briefly explained below:

STRUCTURES

They give an assessment of the possibility of an out break or an increase in conflict by examining the factors behind violent conflict.

04 Oct 2006 description

Following reports are exclusively the views of the residents living in the conflict districts in the North-East. They include interpretation of the situation, dynamics strategies and options. CHA will make them available at the Friday morning meeting of the Operational Agencies with the objective of initiating immediate response to the ongoing escalating conflict.

The format of the report is briefly explained below:

STRUCTURES

They give an assessment of the possibility of an out break or an increase in conflict by examining the factors behind violent conflict.

30 Sep 2006 description

This issue covers the period from July to September 2006

INTRODUCTION

The time period covered in the present issue of the Human Security Report (HSR) can be pointed out as the most critical quarter of Sri Lanka in 2006. The shadow war, which started in December 2005, manifested itself in full force following the Mavil Aru anicut incident in Muttur. The LTTE commenced attacks against the military and the military responded with equal vigour. The attacks and counter attacks intensified in the month of August.