FOREWORD FROM THE HONOURABLE MARIE-CLAUDE BIBEAU, MINISTER OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND LA FRANCOPHONIE, GOVERNMENT OF CANADA, September 2018
While conflicts between states have declined dramatically in past years, conflicts within states – frequently involving non-state actors – are on the rise. The result is human displacement, leaving millions of people with few opportunities, limited access to services and an uncertain future.
The Basic Needs Assessment (BNA) is a multi-sector needs assessment approach that can be applied in both sudden onset and protracted emergencies, but that – in the present edition – has been piloted only in two protracted crises, namely in Borno State (North-East Nigeria) and in Fafan zone (Somali region of Ethiopia). The approach took inspiration from ECHO’s Basic Needs Framework for Integrated Response.
In January 2017, an estimated three million people were in crisis as a result of droughts in Somalia. Humanitarian agencies scaled a huge cash based response, delivering cash transfers to a peak of 3.36 million people in May 2017, and disbursing an average of $44 million each month from May to August 2017.
Meanwhile, in Turkey, refugees who had fled conflict in Syria were able to support their families’ basic needs with cash transfers delivered as part of an Emergency Social Safety Net, established in 2016 with a fund of $348 million.
Social protection has been the latest buzzword in the aid world – with good reason. In the State of the World’s Cash report, linking humanitarian cash transfers and social protection systems was identified as a critical debate. Currently, the majority of humanitarian action takes place in protracted crises, many of which experience recurrent and increasingly severe shocks, as a result of both conflict and natural disasters.
Define what market support programming in humanitarian contexts is and what it can look like in practice.
Enable humanitarian practitioners to consider market support interventions from the outset by highlighting the potential benefits of market support programming alongside or independently of other programme activities.
Technical specialists across sectors Project/programme managers Donors Business development specialists Proposal writers
SCOPE OF THE TIP SHEET
A total of 22 participants from Government, various donor agencies, INGOs and the Red Cross movement (annex) attended this half day learning event to reflect on the use of cash in the drought response in Kenya in 2017/18 and consider how cash coordination might be strengthened in future.
This short report brings together the thoughts and reflections from the meeting.
The Grand Bargain Cash Meetings: what did we learn, how are we doing, where next?
A report of the Cost Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness workshop held on 9-10 April and organized by USAID, IRC and CaLP. The recommendations of the workshop was fed into the Grand Bargain cash workstream.
Author: Laura Gordon
This scoping study explores technical and policy issues that are constraining progress towards better measurement and reporting of Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) and addresses these to identify ways forward. The study was developed with the following objectives:
The United States Agency for International Development / Food for Peace (USAID / FFP) supported Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) response to the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone and Liberia greatly contributed to the recovery of affected communities and households. The CTP response provided a safety net to assist targeted communities to deal with transient food insecurity and went beyond achieving this objective by also contributing to the recovery of livelihoods eroded by the Ebola crisis.
The Emergency Response Capacity (ERC) Consortium for the Uptake of MPGs is formed by Save the Children, CaLP, Danish Refugee Council, Mercy Corps, and OCHA with ECHO financing. Its primary aim is the improvement of capacity, coordination and evidence for multi-purpose cash grants through the design of collaborative tools and mechanisms to enhance the capacity of agencies to set up and implement multipurpose grants (MPGs) in emergency contexts.
On April 19th and 20th, CaLP and the Regional Platform for Social Protection hosted a learning event exploring how humanitarian cash transfer programmes can work to support national social protection systems in the Sahel.
We were joined by a good number of government representatives from the Sahel region and beyond, including Liberia, Niger, Mali, Chad, Senegal and Comoros.
They accompanied humanitarian actors, donors and development partners to look at case studies in Liberia, Mali and Senegal, and collectively draw recommendations.
This case study aims to review and map out how aspects of the Enhanced Response Capacity (ERC) consortium model have influenced key drivers of quality (effectiveness, efficiency and accountability) in the consortium’s Nigeria pilot. Formed at the global level in 2015, the ERC Consortium is comprised of five humanitarian response agencies: Save the Children UK (SCUK), Mercy Corps, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the Cash Learning Partnership (CaLP) and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
The primary aim of this case study is to map out aspects of the Greece Cash Alliance (GCA) operational model influencing key drivers of quality (effectiveness, efficiency and accountability) in the delivery of multipurpose cash grants (MPGs).
In the period since CaLP produced its first glossary in 2011, the scale and variety of cash transfer programming (CTP) has expanded significantly, and brought the engagement of a wider and more diverse community of practice. These changes have also been reflected in an evolving understanding and use of some definitions, and the introduction of multiple new terms into the cash transfer programming lexicon.