Amy Kirbyshire looks at how Indian authorities and their partners have scaled up responses to deadly heatwaves in India – and she reflects on lessons for governments, donors and development practitioners elsewhere, looking to scale up responses to climate risk.
About this Guide
Heatwaves may not conjure the powerful imagery of a flash flood or cyclone, but they can be damaging for society and dangerous - even deadly - for vulnerable individuals. However, reducing this risk is within the grasp of city authorities, and cities and states in India are leading the way in taking effective action.
This policy brief, from the CDKN Raising Risk Awareness initiative, identifies how climate change attribution science can help to mitigate future extreme heat events and address the needs of those most affected.
This policy brief, from the CDKN Raising Risk Awareness initiative, identifies the key causes of Chennai’s 2015 extreme rainfall and gives a number of recommendations for building urban resilience in the area.
In 2010, CDKN was established as a demand-led initiative, bringing the best resources available from across the global market to support decision-makers in developing countries to develop the necessary policies and plans to tackle climate change. Although at first CDKN took a broader geographic approach in 70 countries, from 2013 onwards, CDKN focused its resources on 12 priority countries: Bangladesh, Colombia, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Kenya, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Rwanda and Uganda; and on one subregion: the Caribbean.
Developments in the international climate negotiations and the climate finance landscape, in particular the signing of the Paris Agreement and operationalisation of the Green Climate Fund, have opened up opportunities for enhanced private sector action on climate change. The Paris Agreement demonstrates a common global acknowledgement that urgent climate action is needed, and there is broad consensus among the signatories that translating the agreement into action will require significant finance from the private sector.
All effective action starts with a sound knowledge base. When it comes to increasing resilience to climate change, often decision-makers seek scientific knowledge about climate change effects, while local knowledge is under-used or ignored. While local information and data may not be readily available, awareness raising and capacity-building can sensitise communities and enable them to contribute to their local development processes.
CDKN’s Tesfaye Hailu reports from Addis Ababa.
The Green Climate Fund’s (GCF) 18th Board meeting in Cairo has approved Africa’s largest GCF direct access proposal. The Ethiopian Government’s $50m climate resilience proposal focuses on sustained provision of water for potable and productive use, including the use of solar energy to power the water pumps, and improved land use management to increase ground water recharge and soil nutrient content. It is intended to change the livelihoods of more than 1 million people in highly vulnerable communities.
This report documents interviews with stakeholders conducted in India, Kenya and Ethiopia to begin to understand how they do, and could, use the science of extreme event attribution (EEA), so that any future analyses in the region can take account of user needs. This report first details other academic reports on extreme weather events and the implications for decision makers, then it summarises and illustrates the results of the interviews organised into three areas (usefulness of EEA, potential usefulness of EEA, and limitations of EEA), before drawing out some key conclusions.
Water security underpins the achievement of development agendas across many sectors – including health, energy, agriculture, environment, mining, and other industries. Water infrastructure is vital for delivering water security. Water infrastructure is generally long-lived and with high upfront costs, making it vulnerable to future climate change uncertainties.
Human impact summary
Human impact summary
On 4 June 2015, Ethiopia’s National Meteorological Agency declared that the spring belg rains had failed. Soon after, the summer kiremt rains were severely delayed and erratic, affecting 9.7 million Ethiopians.
An international group of scientists found that the 2015 drought was an extremely rare event that only happens about once every few hundred years in north-eastern and central Ethiopia.
CDKN’s flagship book, Mainstreaming Climate Compatible Development, draws from the alliance’s seven year experience of supporting climate compatible development in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. The book provides practical recommendations on how to achieve low-carbon, climate-resilient development in low income and emerging economies.
This policy brief, presented as part of the Raising Risk Awareness initiative, concludes that, from the climate science perspective, results show the 2016-17 drought is less severe than the 2010-11 drought in Lamu, while in Marsabit they are comparable. It provides recommendations for decision-makers to link disaster risk management strategies with climate science.
Opening Remarks by Sam Bickersteth at the CDKN Conference, London, July 2017. Additional content draws from discussion throughout the conference.
Over the last seven years, CDKN has made it its mission to be a trailblazer and advocate of climate compatible development in the poorest and most vulnerable nations. Climate compatible development is an objective which means that tackling climate change cannot be at the expense of reducing poverty and achieving human development.
The document presents the policy provisions, opportunities and challenges for scaling up climate-smart agriculture technologies and practices in Nepal. This was achieved through applied qualitative method, especially a combination of desk study, consultation and field observation. Desk study was carried out by collecting the relevant documents and reviewing them. While reviewing the documents special attention was given to the policies pertinent to particular agriculture practices.
This CDKN Essentials summarises recommendations on the appropriateness of, and best practices for, urban resettlement and relocation as a response to disaster risk.
In cities worldwide, inequalities are high. Low-income populations suffer disproportionately the impacts of climatic and other hazard events, as well as being exposed to everyday health and human security risks. Within these populations, women, the elderly, disabled people and those belonging to particular ethnic or social groups may be especially vulnerable.
Kenya has experienced droughts, floods and other extreme climate events with increased frequency in recent years. This is reflected in the scientific literature, and noticed by Kenya’s people, who have become increasingly alarmed by the impacts of climate change on their livelihoods.
Kenya’s second Medium Term Plan 2013-2017 expressly recognises the importance of adopting a low-carbon growth pathway, while climate change is a permanent standing item for the National Economic and Social Council.