This briefing paper provides a look at humanitarian information gathered through the 'Who does What Where' (W3) survey for 2004. This was initiated by the Eritrean Refugee and Relief Commission (ERREC) and UNOCHA in 2001 to gather essential information on emergency/relief, recovery and development projects in Eritrea.
The survey illustrates the range of projects that are undertaken by diverse international and national agencies in the context of the humanitarian, recovery and development response as reported by the agencies.
- Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General
for the Humanitarian Crisis in the Horn of Africa visits Eritrea from 31
March - 2 April 2004.
- The 23rd meeting of the Military Coordination
Commission (MCC) was held on 15 March 2004 in Nairobi.
- Eighty-one Eritrean civilians were repatriated
from Ethiopia on 19 March 2004 under the auspices of ICRC.
- From 11 - 26 March 2004 some 2,704 Eritrean
refugees were repatriated home from Sudan.
- In the month of February, UNHCR
assisted 725 Eritreans to return home from the Sudan.
- ERREC says despite reduction of rations
and downscaling of beneficiaries, the available food aid in stock and pledges
will not last beyond March/April.
- Ministry of Agriculture estimates the
national seed requirement for 2004 at 7,000 MT and appeals for a timely
response from partners.
- An estimated 16,000 MT of supplementary
food is required to cover the second half of the 2004.
- CAP-2004 document was finalised and sent to Geneva, donor funding to CAP-2003 reaches USD 99,769,747.
- After it has been halted due to rainy season, the voluntary repatriation of Eritreans from the Sudan resumed on 15 October 2003.
- According to ERREC, out of the total 476,000 MT humanitarian food assistance requested in 2003, to date about 275,000 MT has been committed.
- Eritrean children remain at high developmental risk due to increasing levels of malnutrition; there is also an increase of wasting among women of reproductive age, averaging between 40 and …
- UN Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator to visit Eritrea from 9-10 June 2003.
- According WHO, 52 new cases of measles were reported in Anseba zone.
- Mid-year CAP-2003 review document will be launched on 10 June 2003;
- 8,759 Expellees who have been residing in Shelab Camp have been settled to Gerenfit.
- Joint Eritrea and Ethiopia UN Country Teams meeting held in Asmara from 18- 19 May 2003.
United Nations Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ms.
- The Government of Eritrea formed a committee
to coordinate drought response;
- OCHA organised a donor meeting in Geneva
on 27 January 2003;
- ERREC says due to the delayed arrival
of pledges and very low available stocks, it has not yet been possible
to stretch food aid distribution beyond 600,000 beneficiaries;
Since May 2001, over 51,000 Eritreans were voluntarily repatriated to their homeland in safety and dignity and have begun to rebuild their lives. Another 19,000 Eritrean refugees have been registered and are awaiting their homecoming. Progress made was however, facing impediments such as reluctance to accept the application of the ceased circumstances of Eritrean refugees announced by UNHCR, non-compliance with prior agreements of completion date of repatriation and delays in implementing the program by the Sudan authorities.
ASMARA, 28th August 2002: At a critical moment when the country has been striving to overcome the caseload of a complex humanitarian situation that resulted from the border conflict with Ethiopia and natural calamities over the last four years, Eritrea is faced by another year of severe and extensive spell of drought. This is seriously threatening the survival of people and livestock across the country.
- The Eritrean Relief and Refugee Commission
(ERREC) alerted the international and humanitarian community that Eritrea
is facing exceptionally sever and prolonged drought that is threatening
the survival of people and animals;
- On 12 July 2002 the UN Security Council
has called on Eritrea and Ethiopia to fully cooperate with the border demarcation
process between the two countries;
- UN Under Secretary General for Peacekeeping
Operations Mr. Jean-Marie Guehenno visits Eritrea.
- 7th Tripartite Meeting (UNHCR, COR,
ERREC) held in Geneva. Number of Eritreans repatriated since May 2001 has
passed the 50,000 mark.
- The International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC) assisted the repatriation of in 168 civilian Eritreans from
Ethiopia to Eritrea.
- More than 5,000 IDPs relocated from
Korokon to Kotobia and Shambouko.
- The UN Security Council members reiterated
the need for Eritrea and Ethiopia to cooperate closely with Eritrea-Ethiopia
Boundary Commission and UN Mission to Eritrea and Ethiopia;
- The Government of Eritrea and the UN
Country Team in Eritrea launched the United Nations Development Assistance
Framework (UNDAF) document on 15 May 2001 at the Asmara Intercontinental
- The Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission
(EEBC) announced its verdict on the delimitation of the border between
the two countries on 13 April 2002.
- The Eritrean and Ethiopian United Nations
Country Teams met together in Ethiopia from 21-22 March 2002 to discuss
humanitarian and development assistance activities to support peace building
and reconciliation efforts;
- Members of the United Nations Security Council met with Diplomatic Corps, UN agencies, Non Governmental Organizations and religious leaders in Eritrea on 24 February 2002 at the Confederation of Eritrean Workers conference room.
- 7,697 IDPs in camps in Debub region
have returned to their home villages in Tsorona sub-zone.
- ICRC has repatriated 524 civilian Ethiopians
from Eritrea to Ethiopia during the month of September 2001.
- UNMEE is facilitating ways to return
43,995 IDPs living in camps to their home villages.
- Information campaign has started in
Port Sudan and other refugee camps in Sudan on 23 September 2001 to restart
repatriation of 41,000 Eritrean refugees until the end of the year.