This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "School Safety and Security: Reflections" and deals with this important theme in extensive detail. This issue highlights how different stakeholders including the government, teachers, students and various civil society organizations (CSOs) are coming up with various innovations to protect India's large school going citizens. This issue contains articles from reputed academics, practitioners and experts who have worked on the theme of School Safety and Security.
Floods as an Opportunity
In 2017 South Asia was ravaged by unprecedented flooding that affected close to 41 million people across India, Bangladesh and Nepal. While the death and destruction unleashed by these floods is tragic, it also represents an opportunity to learn the necessary lessons to set South Asia firmly onto a safer and greener development trajectory.
By Vishal Pathak
The schools are considered to be the main key to move closer to reducing the number of affected people by disasters by 2030 in South Asia.
Transformation: Initiatives Towards Resilience
Can cutting edge innovations that integrate disaster risk reduction with climate change adaptation transform our views on risk from the standpoint of individuals, institutions and investments that shape resilience?
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net offers an unusual range of such examples from India, prevalent not only in this country but all across South Asia. AIDMI's two decades of work in South Asia has shown that "Uncertainty" is an opportunity for transformation.
As several parts of India face the fury of floods this year, it is worth examining what are reasons for India's high exposure to flooding and what can be done differently to mitigate the adverse impact of this recurrent catastrophe. There are many mitigation measures that can be adopted to reduce the debilitating impact of floods.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the most important theme of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction held at Cancun, Maxico. Community Based Disaster Preparedness: Enabling Communities to Manage Risks. It primarily focuses on how CBDP can empower communities to manage their risks through locally owned and locally appropriate approaches. The key lessons from ASDMA's recently finished capacity building project on CBDP have also been highlighted in this issue.
DRR or CCA: What matters in the end is resilient community. And that is what this issue aims at.
Disasters are often seen as extraordinary events that occur suddenly to cause widespread loss of life and property in the communities they strike. However, there are underlying causes of vulnerability that keep on incrementally increasing the exposure of a community to a disaster in over time. Thus, resilience building in an exercise of systematically identifying and reducing these underlying causes of vulnerability to build resilient communities.
The recently concluded 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) at New Delhi, India has provided a clear path for building resilience at the global, regional and local levels. The first important conference to be held after the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), AMCDRR 2016 also led to the finalization of the 'New Delhi Declaration' and the 'Asian Regional Plan (ARP) for Implementation of the Sendai Framework'.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Building Resilient Cities'. It highlights the importance of bringing Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation to urban planning in order to create safer spaces for citizens.
The various aspects highlighted in this issue of Southasiadisasters.net on the theme of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)' serve to describe how India has a long-standing tradition of corporate philanthropy, by explaining the CSR tradition in the country and different examples in which it has been applied. The clause 135 of the Companies Act 2012 describes the areas in which CSR projects are developed, however the guidelines do not mention directly the need for investing in DRR.
This policy brief shows that risk transfer through disaster insurance requires a flexible national framework to allow for tailored solutions at the local level. The document calls for the countries and their humanitarian and development partners to urgently ensure that governments can provide disaster insurance. A future dialogue for authorities to be informed and inform national and regional plans should feature in the Asia Regional Implementation Plans, AMCDRR declaration, and disaster management plans and policies, and collect better data to monitor progress.
This policy brief shows that disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation (DRR-CCA) require a flexible national framework to allow for tailored solutions at the local level. It calls for the countries and their humanitarian and development partners to urgently ensure that governments implement a policy of awareness, resilience and information sharing.
The included case study highlights the need for a clear link between government policy, DRR and CCA, with the help of government offices and NGOs. In particular, it makes the following policy recommendations:
The disaster risk reduction aspects highlighted in this issue serve to depict the manner in which leading countries, including India, have addressed and mitigated different disasters in the past and the lessons learned. The aim of this issue is to bring innovative ideas to AMCDRR in order to accelerate regional implementation and monitoring. By active hosting of AMCDRR India will renew its commitment to the Sendai Framework and pursue a resilient and sustainable future for all citizens.
The various aspects highlighted in this issue of Southasiadisasters.net on the theme of 'Enriching The Asia Regional Plan Inputs from India' serve to depict the manner in which India has developed their NDCs by accepting the need of investing in Green Technologies. Also, it will be discussed the importance of making safer cities.
In June 2016, India launched its first National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) with the aim of improving the country's resilience to disasters and reducing the loss of lives and assets. Hailed as one of the first national level plans which is aligned to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), India's NDMP not only adheres to the spirit of SFDRR, it also entails provisions to help India reach the goals set in SFDRR.
One of the highest challenge to implementation of SFDRR in Asia is drought. Drought continues to impact on lives and livelihoods.
India was reeling under an intense drought situation a month ago which has affected close to 330 million people from 10 states. Bad monsoons and weak policies around water security have further compounded the problem and precipitated a crisis. Rising temperatures and acute water shortages are adversely affecting human health as well as the economy which is primarily reliant on agriculture.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
The Paris Agreement, which was finalized at the Conference of Parties 21 (COP21) has been signed by 175 countries on April 22, 2016. This is the first step in implementing this historic agreement which seeks to limit global warming below 2oC. The ratification of this agreement, based on parliamentary discussion and approval within the signing countries would be the next step in making it come into force. Perhaps, this is the best time for nations to reflect on the best ways to implement the Paris Agreement.
A disaster or extreme event precipitates when hazards interact with existing vulnerabilities. This truism is particularly apt for the Indian state of Assam which is exposed to an array of hazards and is highly prone to disaster and climate risks. In response to the state's enhanced vulnerability, the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) routinely takes up various initiatives to build the resilience of Assam and its citizens to such risks. The All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) has partnered with ASDMA on several such initiatives.