This briefing examines some of the political, financial and operational problems surrounding the provision of aid, and the project of reconstruction in Iraq. In particular, it focuses upon the difficulty in striking a balance between the US and the UK fulfilling their responsibilities to provide aid and assist in rebuilding, and their control of the process to the detriment of its effectiveness.
The politicisation of relief complicates the provision of aid, and may yet scupper the effective reconstruction of Iraq.
The Cambridge-based Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq (CASI) today released a briefing calling on the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office to stop denying its contribution to the humanitarian suffering in Iraq, and instead live up to its claim to be making "vigorous efforts to maximise humanitarian relief" in the country.
Examining Jack Straw's assertion that the UK government is "doing what we can to help the Iraqi people, with little cooperation from the regime", it concludes that "collectively, the FCO's claims add up to a systematically distorted …
A Cambridge-based NGO warned today that the politicisation of Iraq's 'oil for food' programme is exacerbating the humanitarian crisis in Iraq.
Anglican Observer Office at the UN, Arab Commission for Human Rights, Center for Development of International Law, Fellowship of Reconciliation - Global Policy Forum, New Internationalism Project, Institute for Policy Studies, Mennonite Central Committee, Middle East and Europe Office of Global Ministries of the United Church of Christ and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Quaker UN Office-New York -United Church of Christ UN Office World Economy, Ecology and Development Association (WEED), in association with Save the Children UK
Chapter 1 …
The Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq (CASI) today expressed its disappointment at the failure of UN Security Council Resolution 1409 to address the humanitarian crisis in Iraq sufficiently. The resolution, which implements a revised Goods Review List of 'dual-use' items with effect from 30 May 2002, indicates the cementing of the US-UK policy of 'smart sanctions' on Iraq.
The resolution is likely to have little effect on Iraq's humanitarian situation.
We, the undersigned, representing a wide international consensus, demand the immediate lifting of economic sanctions against Iraq.
The sanctions regime imposed on the people of Iraq for over a decade is one of the great injustices of our time. It has brought starvation and disease to millions of innocent Iraqis. UNICEF has shown that economic sanctions have contributed to the death of half a million children. For the period 1990 to 2000, UNICEF found that of 188 countries surveyed, Iraq suffered the worst change in mortality levels amongst children under five years old.
"Smart sanctions" in general refers to targeted instead of comprehensive sanctions, designed to put pressure directly on those who are deemed to pose a threat to international peace or to human rights.
Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq*
University of Cambridge
This paper introduces the most reliable and important public sources of information on the humanitarian situation in Iraq. It is hoped that this will allow the reader to better assess claims made about that situation.
2 UN agency reports
2.1 The Ahtisaari report (1991)
CONFERENCE ON IRAQ POLICY EXPLORES ALTERNATIVES
An international conference in Cambridge this weekend explored the options facing Britain as it prepares to review its Iraq policy. Over 170 people from eight countries discussed smart sanctions, the protection of Iraqi minorities, Iraq's non-conventional weapons and its government. They included academics, analysts, members of NGOs, students, activists, diplomats and journalists.
All agreed that this is a time of change in the Middle East.
This weekend, 10-11 March, fifteen policy experts from a range of occupations and disciplines will meet at a public conference in Cambridge to develop alternatives to the current economic sanctions on Iraq.
On 13-14 November 1999, over 150 delegates from five countries arrived in Cambridge to attend a conference enti-tled 'Sanctions on Iraq: Background, Consequences, Strate-gies'. In the packed auditorium, they listened as eighteen speakers from four countries - including prominent histori-ans, diplomats, public health specialists, anthropologists, jour-nalists, activists and Iraqi citizens - chronicled Iraq's mani-fold suffering under the sanctions regime imposed after the 1990 invasion of Kuwait.
Questioning the validity of sanctions against
Iraq, this report provides a wide range of accounts relating to their effects,
reflecting both private and professional experiences. Covering a variety
of relevant issues, discussions include examinations of the following:
- NGO opportunities, options and constraints regarding Iraq
- Society and Culture
- Weapons of mass destruction
- Depleted uranium
- International politics