Since its inception over ten years ago, the Global Nutrition Cluster (GNC) has progressed from its early focus on the development of technical tools and materials and filling research gaps to a much greater emphasis on strengthening country coordination and providing surge support to secure appropriate and high-quality nutrition programming in emergency contexts.
Currently, the level of attention afforded to linear growth below international standards (stunting) in humanitarian and protracted emergency contexts is below what is needed, given the very high burden and prevalence of stunting in these contexts. A good deal of the policy, research and programming focus is directed towards the treatment of wasting in order to prevent excess mortality among children under five years of age. Yet stunting (both moderate and severe) can be highly prevalent in protracted situations, e.g.
The Operational Guidance on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies (OG-IFE) was first produced by the Interagency Working Group on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies in 2001. This Working Group included members of the IFE Core Group; an inter-agency collaboration concerned with the development of training materials and related policy guidance on infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IFE/IYCF-E, hereon referred to as IFE).
This issue of Nutrition Exchange is our sixth and we continue to profile the writing of those working at national and sub-national level. This issue contains 13 original articles from Bangladesh,
Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger and Somalia and two with a regional and geographical perspective.
A number of recent reviews of crises, including Syria (ENN 2014), Lebanon and the Ukraine (GNC-ENN 2015) have raised questions about the humanitarian nutrition response in contexts where levels of wasting are not elevated or high in terms of emergency thresholds, but where stunting is prevalent.
This case study documents how the nutrition information systems in South Sudan, once weak and unreliable, have been transformed into a well-developed system supported by government, donors and Nutrition Cluster (NC) partners. It highlights how increased technical capacity in nutrition and information management within the Cluster Lead Agency (UNICEF) has allowed for the NC to focus on coordination. Integrating nutrition information management capacity into Ministry of Health (MoH) systems remains a work in progress.
Lessons from the Hodeidah sub-national Nutrition Cluster
This case study is one of six case studies produced through a year-long collaboration in 2015 between ENN and the Global Nutrition Cluster (GNC) to capture and disseminate knowledge aboutthe Nutrition Cluster experiences of responding to Level 2 and Level 3 emergencies. They each provide very rich insights into the achievements of the cluster approach and the challenges of working in complex environments. The findings and recommendations documented in this case study are those of the authors.
A. Aim of this guidance
The note outlines benefits, risks, options, and resources for supporting appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in children under 2 years of age in refugee and migrant transit situations in Europe.
Academic and Humanitarian Aid Organizations Launch Research Project, REFANI, to Measure Impact of Cash Transfers on Child Undernutrition
We are delighted to share with you Issue 5 of Nutrition Exchange. In keeping with our aim to have the majority of NEX content written by national actors engaged in nutrition specific and sensitive activities, this issue features nine original articles from Kenya, Niger, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Rwanda, Malawi and Namibia, as well as an article from an African nutrition network. this issue also includes summaries of nutrition related reviews, research, and news that we feel could be of interest to our readers. the original articles cover a range of programmatic experiences and policy issues.
Field Exchange is an established tri-annual technical publication produced by the Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN). It is written by and for programmers working in nutrition-related programming in emergencies and high burden contexts worldwide, and by those working in related fields, such as policy development and research. Previous editions are available at www.ennonline.net/fex
The REFANI literature review identifies existing evidence on the use of Cash Transfer Programmes (CTPs) and the impact of CTPs on acute malnutrition in humanitarian contexts. The review is structured as follows: Section A discusses the global burden of acute malnutrition; Section B highlights traditional foodbased interventions; Section C explores cash-based interventions and the emergence of CTPs within humanitarian programmes; and finally, the existing evidence from CTP interventions is explored in Section D.