Kenya hosts 470 000 refugees and asylum seekers from neighbouring countries who are fully dependent on humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs. Voluntary repatriation of Somali refugees has continued, in spite of insecurity, drought, and forced evictions in their home country. The European Commission continues its long-standing assistance to refugees in Kenya and responds to disaster-related emergencies.
What are the needs?
Severe weather, including thunderstorms and heavy rain, has been affecting several northern and central parts of Tunisia causing flash floods. 61 mm of rain were recorded over 24 hours in Siliana City over 17-18 October.
According to media reports, as of 19 October, at least two people died, one in Sidi Bouzid governorate and another in Kasserine governorate.
Over the next 24 hours, moderate rain with local thunderstorms may continue to affect most of the northern, eastern and central areas of the country, including those already affected by flash floods.
AMOUNT: EUR 260 000 000
Egypt is a destination country along the central Mediterranean refugee route with people arriving from both the Middle East and east Africa. A growing population of concern is stranded in the most overcrowded and poorest neighbourhoods of its largest cities such as Cairo and Alexandria as a result of an upward trend of new arrivals and tightened control measures aimed at curbing irregular outflows towards Europe.
On 10 October a family of five Rohingya returned spontaneously from Balukhali camp, Cox's Bazar to Myanmar. They are currently held in Taung Pyo Letwe reception centre. On 4 October India deported seven Rohingya men that had been detained in the country since 2012 despite objections by UN refugee agency (UNHCR) and human rights organisations. The decision has sparked fear that further deportations are to follow. The men reportedly arrived in Kyauktaw Township, central Rakhine State on 8 October and have been staying in several villages. UNHCR has been unable to access them.
A low pressure system over the last two weeks has left 21 fatalities, more than 160 000 people affected, and 16 000 displaced in Central America. Rain continues to fall as a new system is beginning to form. More rain is expected in Honduras over the next 24 hours. The Permanent Contingency Commission of Honduras (COPECO) maintains a yellow alert for Copán, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Intibucá, La Paz, Comayagua, Francisco Morazán, El Paraíso Valle and Choluteca. Authorities continue to provide assistance to 7,728 people affected. In El Salvador, Sonsonate is one of the departments most affected.
- Since the beginning of October, the Northern Department of La Guajira has been severely affected by heavy rain. According to UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), over 64 565 people (some 12 913 families) have been affected. The Regional Government has declared a state of emergency. President Ivan Duque visited the affected area on Saturday 13 October.
- The passage of Tropical cyclone LUBAN from 8 to 14 October has caused flooding in the coastal district of Al Maharah Governorate in Yemen and in several areas of the border with Oman.
- According to media reports, as of 17 October, three people died, 33 are injured and 2 000 families were affected in Al-Maharah (Yemen).
- Over the next 24 hours, moderate to locally heavy rain over south-west Yemen and the coastal governorates may continue to affect the country, including the areas already flooded.
FACTS & FIGURES
Ranks 186 out of 188 countries in Human Development Index (UNDP)
4.4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid (OCHA)
4 million people are food insecure, of which 1 million need emergency humanitarian assistance
446 000 refugees from Central African Republic, South Sudan, Nigeria and some 108 000 internally displaced (UNHCR)
EU humanitarian aid funding: €54.7 million in 2018 €309.5 million since 2013
According to the latest official figures from the Government’s national disaster management agency BNPB as of 15 October, a total of 2 100 people have lost their lives, 680 more are missing, and 4 612 are suffering from major injuries. There are 78 994 internally displaced persons and the state of emergency has been extended until 25 October.
In mid-2016, the conflict in South Sudan spread into the southern region of Equatoria, which borders Uganda. Officials registered 600,000 South Sudanese refugees crossing the border into northern Uganda between July 2016 and April 2017. Bidibidi settlement, in Uganda’s Yumbe district, was opened in August 2016 to accommodate some of this refugee flow. By December 2016 the settlement was closed to new arrivals as the largest refugee settlement in the world.
Seoul, 16 October 2018 – In response to large-scale flooding and landslides that hit southwestern parts of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the European Union is providing EUR 100 000 (KRW 131,000,000) in humanitarian aid funding to assist the most affected communities. This aid will benefit a total of 24 000 people in some of the worst-hit areas of North and South Hwanghae provinces.
Purpose and scope
Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country, especially Sumatra Island, over the past few days causing flash floods and triggering landslides.
According to media reports, as of 15 October, 21 people have died, ten more are missing and 500 homes were damaged in the provinces of North and West Sumatra. Three bridges were brought down in West Pasaman district in North Sumatra.
Over the next 24 hours, moderate rain with locally heavy rain may affect several areas of the country, including Sumatra Island.
A massive landslide following heavy rains occured in eastern Uganda, in Bududa district, on 12 October.
Sustained heavy rains on Thursday 11 October caused boulders and chunks of mud to come rolling down the foothills, hitting three villages below. Media reports that bridges and roads have been destroyed.
Tropical cyclone TITLI made landfall north of Mandasa (Andhra Pradesh, India) on 11 October early morning UTC with approximate sustained winds of 160-170 km/h (equivalent to a Category 2 on the Hurricane Saffir Simpson scale). It continued north-west crossing the state of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, weakening to a tropical depression. Over the next 48 hours, it is expected to dissipate. Heavy to very heavy rain may continue to affect Odisha, the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.