As national and international NGOs operating in Kachin and northern Shan, Myanmar, we are deeply troubled by yet further escalation of armed conflict, including clashes directly impacting civilians throughout April and continuing into May, that has displaced and re-displaced thousands more civilians. Urgent action is required to save lives and meet widespread and growing humanitarian needs.
The undersigned humanitarian and development NGOs operating in Kachin and Northern Shan States in Myanmar are gravely concerned about the continually escalating armed conflict and the severely deteriorating security situation for the civilian population in Kachin and Northern Shan States.
The undersigned international NGOs operating in Kachin and Northern Shan States in Myanmar are gravely concerned about the ongoing armed conflict and its recent intensification. We are also concerned about threats to the safety of civilians and increasing restrictions on access to those in need.
There is more than enough food in the world to feed everyone, but the number of people who do not have enough to eat remains unacceptably high, with disproportionate impacts on women and girls. Reversing this shocking trend must be a top priority for governments and international institutions and responses must treat food insecurity as a gender equality, rights and social justice issue.
Despite the ongoing peace negotiations, skirmishes between the Myanmar government armed forces and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) have been increasing. Recently, skirmishes near Nam Lim Pa village forced villagers in the area and the IDPs to flee for safety. They have been isolated and surrounded in this location for over three weeks. Despite appeals by humanitarian organisations, unconditional humanitarian access has not been granted.
Neither the impacts of climate change on people nor the ways in which people respond to climate change are gender-neutral (see Box 1). Gender inequalities and different gender roles, needs and preferences which vary over space and over time influence the different ways in which young, adult and elderly males and females experience the impacts of climate change and develop strategies to adapt to or mitigate them.
The issue of climate change is not new, but its take-up as a key development concern and its integration into pro-poor planning is a fairly recent departure. Even more recent is the integration of a gender-sensitive perspective in climate change research and responses. For this reason, there is little existing research considering the linkages between climate change and gender.
This collection of resources on gender and armed conflict sheds light on how gender inequality intersects with armed conflict and its aftermath, resulting in gender-specific disadvantage that is often overlooked.
In this report, which forms part of the Cutting Edge Pack on gender and armed conflict, the impact of armed conflict on gender relations, and the distinct ways that both women and men are affected, is explored. It highlights the gender-specific disadvantages experienced by women and men that are denied by conventional interpretations of armed conflict and post-conflict reconstruction processes. Women experience significant disadvantage in the course of armed conflict, but it does not necessarily follow that men are always the perpetrators and therefore the winners, and women the losers.
Conventional understandings of war and
its aftermath overlook the impact on gender relations. Gender inequality
pre-dates and is often exacerbated by conflict. But this does not mean
that women are always victims and men only perpetrators.
Do women experience war and its aftermath
differently to men? Is it possible that conflict in Mozambique had a positive
impact on gender relations? This study provides a gender perspective on
employment, income generation and skills training in post-conflict Mozambique.
How can constraints to integrating gender in relief be overcome? The "tyranny of the urgent" in emergencies tends to override longer-term developmental concerns, including gender issues. This issue of "Development and Gender in Brief" explores the potential for tackling existing constraints, including biases in the distribution of food aid. Also highlighted is the need for gender-sensitive policies to support coping strategies during times of emergency.
Conflicts pose a major challenge for relief and development agencies working in affected areas. In this issue of Development and Gender in Brief, the debate on conflict and development is viewed through a gender lens. While gender is now an accepted development concern, gender analysis has yet to be widely applied to conflict situations. Media accounts of mass rape in Bosnia and elsewhere portray women as victims of war.
This report examines how gender relations are
affected in the four phases of an armed conflict and which strategies can
be pursued to enhance women's bargaining power in decision-making processes
in conflict and peace negotiations. It offers the following chapters:
- Understanding conflict
- Towards a gender analysis of conflict
- Gender dimensions of conflict
- Conflict and interventions
How can emergency relief and humanitarian
assistance be more gender-sensitive? This report argues that emergency
and humanitarian assistance tends to be gender-blind, responding to women's
needs solely as victims and mothers, without accounting for changes in
gender relations that arise out of crises.
This bibliography surveys research on issues
of gender and humanitarian assistance, aiming to give an overview of what
has already been discovered about assessing needs and providing assistance
to women in disasters and emergencies, and during disaster mitigation and
disaster recovery. It includes the following main chapters:
- Disaster / epidemics
- Civil strife and conflict
- Refugees and displaced persons
- Emergency (drought and famine) relief
- Disaster mitigation / disaster contingency planning
- Relief and development