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05 May 2018 description
report Carleton University



■ In May 1966 the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (“the FARC”) was established.

■ In August 2016, following four years of negotiations facilitated by Cuba, Norway and Venezuela, a peace accord was signed, and put to a referendum in October 2016.

■ The referendum  “No” campaign winning at 50.2%, “Yes” campaign 49.8.

14 Feb 2017 description
report Carleton University

Executive Summary: Despite billions in aid and a series of international interventions, Somalia has ranked as the world’s most fragile state for much of the past decade. This raises the question as to what is driving fragility within the country and why aid is seemingly ineffective in this context. This report is designed to provide the Government of Canada (GC) with an analytical overview of the key drivers of fragility in Somalia and proposes targeted initiatives where development aid is more likely to be effective.

01 Mar 2016 description
report Carleton University

Catherine Rioux, Amy Hutchinson, Caitlyn Hyndman

INAF 5203
Professor David Carment

Executive Summary

04 Nov 2013 description
report Carleton University

Executive Summary

The history of Niger has been characterized by intermittent ethnic conflicts due to the marginalization of its ethnic minorities. Combined with rampant underdevelopment, poverty, and socio-political marginalization, the ethnic dimension has contributed to the outbreak of violent conflict that has surfaced during the post-independence transitional period.