Research carried out in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on cross-scalar risk communication and disaster risk governance reveals that, while there is considerable potential for communities to measure and communicate risk and to prioritise actions, there is little scope for them to influence disaster risk governance at this point in time.
Krystyna Swiderska, Caroline King-Okumu and Md Monirul Islam
Purpose and objectives of the handbook
The purpose of this handbook is to provide a tool to guide the planning and implementation of ecosystembased adaptation (EbA) in developing countries to help address the growing impacts of climate change.
The past may reveal local patterns and triggers of urban risk, highlighting the importance of long-term exposure to everyday events and barriers to risk reduction. A historically grounded response to risk will ensure greater legitimacy and enhance effectiveness of local actions to secure urban resilience.
This report provides the findings of the Smallholder Innovation for Resilience (SIFOR) project baseline study in India. The study explored key trends in livelihoods and migration, food security, crop diversity and seed systems, climate change, and social capital, which provide the context for innovation. It explored biocultural innovations developed in response to climatic and socioeconomic changes, and the people, institutions, networking and community-level factors supporting their development.
Hannah Reid, Marta Pérez de Madrid and Orsibal Ramírez
Experts point to growing awareness of the potential of nature-based solutions to climate change – but say work must be done to improve understanding and policy take-up.
In two new video interviews IIED researchers highlight the growing consensus about the value of nature-based solutions to climate change – including ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation – and set out some of the significant challenges that need to be addressed.
Hannah Reid and Anu Adhikari
Linking humanitarian response and development is a key agenda driven by multiple factors across both humanitarian and development landscapes. It is also a topical issue in Fiji, a South Pacific Island nation which is exposed to natural hazards, particularly tropical cyclones. This research aims to learn from Fiji’s experience of Tropical Cyclone Winston in 2016.
BRECcIA is an ambitious programme that aims to develop research capacity in institutions in three sub-Saharan countries.
Climate variability is a key feature of dryland ecosystems across sub-Saharan Africa, where rain-fed agriculture and pastoralism characterises local subsistence and is the mainstay of national economies. Demand for water and food from growing populations and urbanisation is rising faster than the ability of countries to meet it, with some countries dependent on imported food.
Linking humanitarian response and development is an important agenda, with multiple drivers across both sectors’ landscapes. It is also a topical issue in Fiji, a country vulnerable to natural hazards. Our research aimed to learn from Fiji’s experience of response and recovery after Tropical Cyclone Winston hit in 2016; we found that the humanitarian response to the cyclone had no substantive influence on the longer-term governance and institutional arrangements for development.
Hannah Reid and Victor Orindi
Countries need to know whether their efforts to adapt to climate change are working. The first in a new series of webinars discussed approaches that can help governments assess their progress.
Climate risks are escalating, and governments and donors need effective adaptation programmes to keep sustainable development on track. Investing in robust monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) mechanisms to assess adaptation actions could support national planning and help meet reporting requirements in the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets.
Sarah Colenbrander and Andrew Sudmant report on research showing that cutting greenhouse gas emissions in urban areas will benefit vulnerable residents most
Inequality is one of the great challenges of this age, and one that will only be exacerbated by climate change. Most pronounced is the problem in cities, where skyscrapers may tower over slums and street vendors hustle outside air-conditioned supermarkets.
Hannah Reid and Karen Podvin
On World Refugee Day Diane Archer looks at how one city in Africa is exploring ways to support its refugee and migrant population
This World Refugee Day we can see that people’s desperate flight from war, violence and persecution is still dominating headlines. These reports conjure all too familiar images of women, children and men living in vast refugee camps. But of the world’s 22.5 million refugees, an estimated 60 per cent live in towns and cities ― a trend that is likely to grow.
Syria’s health professionals have been displaced to neighbouring countries including Jordan and Lebanon since the devastating civil war began in 2011. Our mixed-methods research focused on Lebanon, exploring the emerging phenomenon of qualified Syrians carrying out informal healthcare work to meet local needs. We found a diverse workforce practising in the informal sector, predominantly in primary care settings and as volunteers. But interviewees reported living in fear of exposure and experience wage discrimination in comparison with locals.
Alison Brown, Peter Mackie, Kate Dickenson, Tegegne Gebre-Egziabher
Sharif A Ismail, Adam P Coutts, Diana Rayes, Sophie Roborgh, Aula Abbara, Miriam Orcutt, Fouad M Fouad, Gladys Honein, Nour El Arnaout, Aya Noubani, Hana Nimer, Spencer Rutherford
The impact of nearly seven years of conflict on the Syrian health system has been catastrophic. Thousands of qualified doctors and health workers have left the country since 2011, and Syria today is one of the most dangerous countries in the world in which to practise as a healthcare worker.
How can the scale and relative importance of all risks – from everyday hazards to small and large disasters – be assessed and then acted on? This brief describes the spectrum of risks in urban areas and highlights those that are poorly documented and whose impacts are underestimated. It also highlights measures that can be taken to address this.