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04 Jan 2019 description

Executive Summary

Over the last 30 years, Vietnam has made great improvement on their economy and infrastructure. In 1986, Vietnam initiated and launched new economic and political reform policies collectively known as Doi Moi. The changes rapidly increased economic growth, which in turn developed and transformed Vietnam from a poor nation, to a lower middleincome country.

19 Nov 2018 description

Executive Summary

India supports disaster management capacity building efforts in the Asia Pacific region. The country’s role throughout the region as an increasingly capable actor in disaster relief and humanitarian assistance has reinforced India’s role promoting connective partnerships throughout the region.

14 Nov 2018 description

Welcome - Note from the Director

This Mongolia Disaster Management Reference Handbook provides the reader a baseline of understanding of regional-specific factors, which influence disaster management. CFE-DM provides education, training and research about disaster management and humanitarian assistance, particularly in international settings that require coordination between the DOD and civilian agencies.

13 Nov 2018 description

Executive Summary

Negara Brunei Darussalam (Brunei) is a small country on the northwest side of the island of Borneo. It has a well-developed economy, with one of the highest GDP per capita in the world. It is a very socially conservative country, as well as an absolute monarchy. The current Sultan of Brunei is Hassanal Bolkiah, who also serves as prime minister, finance minister, foreign minister, and defense minister. It is a politically stable country that benefits from hydrocarbon production, which is 90 percent of the country’s exports.

09 Aug 2018 description

Executive Summary

Singapore helps fight the common threat posed by transnational security challenges and participates in overseas operations which provide assistance to other nations and enhances Singapore’s own security. Singapore has participated in United Nations’ (UN) peacekeeping, peace support, and other humanitarian missions and provided humanitarian assistance to countries in need.5

09 Aug 2018 description

Executive Summary

Indonesia is located along the Pacific Ring of Fire and faces many natural threats including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, flooding, and droughts. The country has experienced an average of 290 significant natural disasters annually over the last 30 years.3 This includes the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami which killed approximately 220,000 people across four countries, 167,000 in Indonesia alone, and cost an estimated $10 billion in damages.4

25 May 2018 description

Executive Summary

The Republic of Palau consists of the western-most group of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia and lies an almost equal distance from the Philippines to the west, Papua New Guinea to the south, and Guam to the Northeast. It consists of over 340 islands.4 Palau is vulnerable to a variety of man-made and natural disasters with the potential to have a large impact on the economy and population. Historically, this has included typhoons, tropical storms, droughts, and a bridge collapse.

25 May 2018 description

Executive Summary

The Kingdom of Cambodia (Cambodia) has a relatively high exposure to natural disasters and is expected to be one of the countries most affected by climate change. Droughts, floods, and typhoons have devastated crops and caused the loss of life. Typhoons and tropical storms in the Pacific can lead to a heavy flood season in Cambodia. In the wet season, water from the Mekong River causes flooding.

06 Nov 2016 description

Executive Summary

A natural disaster is 30 times more likely to occur in the Pacific Islands than in the U.S. The pressing issues include the region’s vulnerability to disasters and the impacts of climate change. Even small disasters can overwhelm small-island economies like the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Many communities in FSM are being displaced due to rising sea levels. The Pacific is also dealing poverty issues, urbanization and population growth.

19 Jul 2016 description

Executive Summary

Timor-Leste is located in the southern-most part of Southeast Asia on the eastern half of the island of the Timor Sea between Indonesia and Australia. Timor-Leste has a population of approximately 1.1 million people. In May 2002, Timor-Leste gained independence from Indonesia. Prior to independence, United Nations (UN) peace-keeping forces were installed in Timor-Leste in late 1999 (following the referendum for independence) to stop the ensuing violence, and establish a national government.