Disasters wipe out development progress and are being exacerbated by climate change, population growth, ecosystem degradation, and uncontrolled economic development. The poorest and the most vulnerable people are the hardest impacted groups of people as they are the most exposed to hazards and least able to minimize the hazard risks because of their low capacities. When this situation is ignored or unmanaged, there will be a serious threat for the ongoing sustainable development.
The use of a landscape approach, although not new, is gaining prominence as an approach to effectively reduce disaster risk, adapt to climate change and enhance community resilience. Based on the experience of CARE and Wetlands International in the Partners for Resilience alliance, and on best practices developed by other experts, this paper synthesises the main characteristics of the landscape approach and suggests seven steps when adopting a landscape approach.
This report presents the case for improving the condition of the wetlands of the Sahel as part of a strategy to address human migration and its links to the degradation of land and water resources, poverty, conflict and climate change. We offer an analysis of the key trends and issues and their relevance to existing policy goals.
Wetlands and livelihoods in the Sahel
The Mahanadi delta and Kosi-Gandak floodplains in India are home to millions of farmers and fishers who used to benefit from the dynamic and nutrient rich floods within the landscape.
Dams and dykes have led to the fragmentation of water regimes, and in the coastal region the mangrove ecosystems are highly degraded or even lost. This leaves communities vulnerable to droughts, floods and cyclones.
A roadmap to reduce drought risk in Ethiopia
Wetlands International and partners working in the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia published the Atlas of the Upper Fafan Catchment. The Atlas consists of a series of vegetation cover and water resource maps over time and provides a fundamental understanding of the challenges and opportunities for conservation.
Ecosystem restoration is the “process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed” (SER Primer 2004). Which combination of ecosystem restoration interventions is most effective in a certain area depends on the landscape’s characteristics.
This manual aims to support capacity building and advocacy activities focusing on ecosystems restoration in the Upper Fafan Catchment. It describes where and when to implement protection and management, soil and water conservation, off-stream water storage and in-stream water storage interventions.
UNFCCC COP21 Paris, 2 December – Minister Ploumen of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation signed an agreement for a new five-year ‘strategic partnership’ with five Dutch agencies working to build community resilience in disaster-prone developing countries.
Lessons by Partners for Resilience: moving from output to impact
by Juriaan Lahr, Head of International Assistance, Netherlands Red Cross
The Partners for Resilience (PfR) alliance has been working since 2011 to reduce the impact of natural hazards on vulnerable people in nine countries: Ethiopia, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mali, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Uganda.
We are the Netherlands Red Cross, CARE Nederland, Cordaid, the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, Wetlands International and our many local partners.
3 March, Jakarta - The Indonesian and Dutch government today launch a comprehensive five-year multi million public-private partnership initiative for enhancing coastal safety at the North Coast of Java. It aims to build stable coastlines with reduced erosion risk through a unique integration of mangrove restoration, small scale hard-engineering and sustainable land use.
Study Offers Practical Guidance for Coastal Decision-Makers
Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom, 6 November, 2014: A new guidebook on mangroves as a coastal defence finds that mangroves can reduce risk from a large number of coastal hazards. The role of mangroves in coastal defence has been widely promoted since the tsunami that struck South-East Asia in 2004. Yet, the level of protection provided by mangroves has been subject to debate.
In the new book “Downstream Voices” commissioned by Wetlands International, internationally renowned author Fred Pearce takes you along his journey to three large river basins in India, Mali and Senegal where Wetlands International improves water resource management and the condition of wetlands to make communities more resilient to …
Water-related hazards account for 90% of all hazards, and their frequency and intensity is generally rising. More and more people will experience water scarcity and suffer the impacts of major floods, droughts, storms and water-related diseases. The way in which we use and manage water resources is central to sustainable risk management.
Through “Building with Nature” we envision a safe delta coastline in Northern Java which enables vulnerable communities and economic sectors to prosper, be more self-reliant and resilient against hazards.
Millions of people around the world are vulnerable to natural and man-made hazards.
Unsustainable management and use of ecosystems is often a root cause of such vulnerability. Wetlands International calls for better integration of approaches to disaster risk reduction, bringing together expertise from relevant sectors and making optimal use of the natural protection provided by ecosystems.
The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA): Building Resilient Nations and Communities, agreed by Member States in 2005, is coming up for revision in 2015. Wetlands International puts forward a set of recommendations for inclusion in the post 2015 Framework, summarised in this briefing, calling for increased attention to the need for integrated water and wetland management to reduce disaster risk.
The integration of ecosystems and natural resource management in disaster risk reduction (DRR) has been largely overlooked to date. This document introduces a set of criteria, which can be used by policy makers and practitioners to better integrate the management of ecosystems and natural resources in their DRR work.
The criteria describe the required steps to develop an ‘ecosystem-smart’ approach in the design, implementation and evaluation of risk reduction programmes. They provide guidance on the required capacities, partnerships, institutional set-up and planning needs.