Peace processes often centrally focus on how to share or split power between the political and military groups at the heart of the conflict, in search of a compromise that will end violent conflict.
Arrangements for sharing or splitting power often contain complex mixes of some or all of the following power-sharing types:
• Political power-sharing: mechanisms for joint involvement of key protagonists of conflict in political institutions.
Peace processes often focus on how to share or split power between the political and military groups at the heart of the conflict, in order to accommodate the wider identity and political groups they represent. Arrangements for sharing or splitting power can focus on political institutions, economic arrangements, military arrangements, or territory (or different combinations of these).
Armed conflict, first and foremost, creates a challenge for personal safety and physical security. Other forms of security are also threatened, such as socio-economic security or legal security. Peace processes and the agreements they produce engage with a wide array of security issues, at all stages of the peace process. This brief will focus primarily on physical security – future references to security will mean physical security, although discussion will also touch on how physical security relates to other forms of security.
PART I: WHAT IS TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE?
PART I: OVERVIEW
Why are constitutions important for women?
Constitutions matter, and they matter in a specific way to women. As the fundamental legal text of the state, constitutions:
Encapsulate the basic values and rules of government;
Set up the key political and legal institutions; and
Establish the fundamental rights and responsibilities of individuals, including women.
Juba, 10th December 2018: Over 800 people including high government officials, Hon. Minister of Education, Gender and Social Welfare, Advisor to the Governor on Gender, Peace and Reconciliation, Commissioner of Yambio County, Members of Parliament, representatives of UNFPA, UNDP, traditional authority, women, men and school children attended on the 6th of December 2018 the launch of the 16 Days of Activism, in Gangura, one of the South Sudan’s Payam (lowest level of administrative level) in former Western Equatoria state, bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Thursday 6 December 2018, Ramallah – To commemorate the 16 Days of Activism against gender-based violence, the Representative Office of Canada to the Palestinian Authority and UN Women organized a 16 Days of Activism event in Ramallah today, inviting women survivors of violence, singer Bashar Murad, and hip hop group DAM, as part of the Haya: Eliminating Violence against Women joint programme launched in May this year.
Date: Friday, December 7, 2018
As world leaders convene to adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (Global Compact for Migration) in Morocco this week, ensuring that the voices, experiences and needs of migrant women and girls is at the heart of the discussions, is the clarion call issued by UN Women.
Date: Wednesday, December 5, 2018
Change starts when people say “in my generation I will redefine history”.
A girl who is married as a child is one whose potential will not be fulfilled. This is an issue that we must address everywhere in the world.
We know today that when a girl is married she misses out on her education. And if she misses out on her education, she is going to be poor. As parents, we do not want our children to be poorer than us. In every generation we want the next generation to be better and better and better.
The United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, the African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security, Ambassador Smaїl Chergui, and United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director for UN Women, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka are appalled by the acts of sexual violence, including rape, committed against an estimated more than 150 women and girls recently near Bentiu in South Sudan.
On 5 December we mark International Volunteers Day by celebrating the important contributions of UN Volunteers, such as Albert Mirindi, who is working to build resilient communities in Mali by ensuring that women are drivers of peace and decision-makers.
In Mali there are many armed groups which have an impact on the lives of women. The project that I work on fosters economic and social empowerment of young women and men to help them regain some stability and social cohesion.
UN Women Executive Director, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, is about to start her first official visit to Pakistan, from 5 to 7 December, as part of her travels during the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence.
The visit will aim to bolster the gender equality agenda in a country where violent extremism, honour killing, rape, child marriage and other forms of gender-based violence has posed persistent obstacles for sustainable development and the empowerment of women and girls.
Date: Sunday, December 2, 2018
Media Inquiries: Oisika Chakrabarti, +1 646-781-4522; oisika.chakrabarti[at]unwomen.org Zina Alam, +1 646 781-4783; zina.alam[at]unwomen.org
Bogotá 25 de noviembre de 2018 - Ahora es el momento: pongamos fin a la violencia contra las mujeres y las niñas. En el Día Internacional para la Eliminación de la Violencia contra las Mujeres y las Niñas, el Sistema de Naciones Unidas y la Misión de Verificación en Colombia hace un llamado a sumarse a los esfuerzos del Estado y la sociedad civil colombiana para que las mujeres y las niñas puedan vivir en un país más seguro y libre de violencias.
We still do not know the true extent of violence against women, as the fear of reprisals, impact of not being believed, and the stigma borne by the survivor—not the perpetrator—have silenced the voices of millions of survivors of violence and masked the true extent of women’s continued horrific experiences.
International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, Sixteen Days of Activism against Gender Violence
Statement by the Heads of UN agencies, UNDP, UNICEF, UN Women and UNFPA, calling for solidarity with survivors and survivor advocates and women’s human rights defenders who are working to prevent and end violence against women and girls.
Date: Friday, November 23, 2018
This year’s UN theme, “Orange the World: #HearMeToo” will amplify voices, bringing many more actions and solutions forward during “16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence”
Justice Anisa Rasooli was recently appointed as the first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Afghanistan. She has been a powerful advocate for bringing more women into judicial positions, including as a leader of the Afghan Women Judges Association, an organization supported by UN Women. Serving for 23 years in the judicial system, Justice Rasooli can remember when stigma against going to a judicial institution was so great that most women would not do so, even to register a marriage. Today, rates of violence against women remain high, yet progress is happening.
Date: Wednesday, October 31, 2018
“We young people, individually and collectively are a piece of peace”, said Lynrose Jane Dumandan Genon, a representative of the Young Women for Peace and Leadership programme of the Global Network for Women Peacebuilders in the Philippines, speaking at a side event in New York on 25 October, on the sidelines of the annual UN Security Council Open Debate on women, peace and security. “We do our part in making peace happen in whatever community we are in; we bring our little pieces together to create a bigger impact,” she added.