NTS Working Paper 2016
Effects of Natural Disasters on Agricultural Production Activities in the Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam Development Triangle Area: Case Studies of Ratanakiri (Cambodia), Attapeu (Laos) and Kon Tum (Vietnam) Provinces
The Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam Development Triangle (CLVDT) area is strategically placed vis-à-vis the economic, social and ecological-environmental aspects of the three countries involved.
The World Humanitarian Summit was held in Istanbul on 23 and 24 May 2016 bringing together 9000 participants from 173 governments, the private sector, civil society and non-governmental organizations.
The Summit’s three main goals were (1) to recommit to humanity and humanitarian principles; (2) to enable countries and communities to better prepare for and respond to crises, and be more resilient to shocks; and (3) to share people-centred humanitarian best practices to save lives and alleviate suffering.
By Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)
Women in Conflict Affected Countries and Peace Building
This NTS Insight explores the changing nature of conflict since the late 1990s where women and children were increasingly used as weapons of war. Since its passage in October 2000, the UNSCR 1325 has significantly advanced women’s rights in conflict situations and brought to light the absence of women in negotiations and peace-building efforts. The number of peace agreements incorporating women’s rights have increased over the years. Despite this progress, a lot remains to be done.
By Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) Singapore
Progress achieved so far
Major disasters that typically hit Southeast Asia illustrate the immensity of the tasks involved in undertaking disaster relief operations. With the establishment of the ASEAN Community by the end of 2015, it is crucial to institutionalise regional response plans that support and synergise the governments’ national disaster response mechanisms and facilitate international responses in the region.
Regional cooperation on humanitarian assistance
By Joseph Franco
A military offensive against the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) reduced the threat of “spoilers” to rekindle violence. However, failing to reintegrate BIFF communities can lead to the emergence of a new generation of violent militants, posing a threat to the wider region.
Message from the Dean
The year drew to a close with Super Typhoon Haiyan devastating the Philippines. Extreme weather events are not only becoming more frequent. They are increasing in magnitude around the world. Yet, action at the global level on climate change remains anaemic. Concerted global and regional action on such cross-cutting issues remains difficult, partly because they impinge on issues of sovereignty and responsibility, and also because of the multitude of interests that clamour for a voice.
Climate change is one of the most pressing issues affecting ASEAN food security. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projects that temperatures will rise between 1.5 to 3 degrees Celsius by 2100 given foreseeable levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Higher temperatures have signifi cant ramifi cations for food production, through: (1) continuous impacts – such as changes in yield due to temperature increase, shifting season lengths, and increased salinity in coastal areas;
By Samara Yawnghwe and Tin Maung Maung Than
Resolving the internal conflict between the central state and the ethnic nationalities in Myanmar is at the heart of the continued development of the country as a whole. However, a solution may require flexibility when it comes to defining the territorial integrity of the country and its national identity. This working paper examines the case of the Shan State Army – its origins, history and ceasefire agreements – in an effort to shed light on why the problem of lasting peace in Myanmar has seemed relatively intractable.
This NTS Issues Brief is based on the proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on the Impact of Climate Change on ASEAN Food Security held in June 2013. The Meeting called for higher priority to be given to research on climate shifts at national and local scales, as well as greater focus on agricultural R&D. It also highlighted the need for resource and knowledge inputs from actors throughout food value chains in the region.
Transitional justice redresses legacies of past gross violations of human rights, through mechanisms such as prosecutions, truth finding, reparation and institutional reforms. As each mechanism has its limitations, transitional justice processes that integrate different measures and constructively engage with stakeholders would be more effective in healing the wounds from past wrongdoings. Three factors are seen to be key: the capacity and political will of the government concerned, participation of local communities and civil society, and international involvement.
The Asia-Pacific is highly vulnerable to the intertwined physical and social impacts of climate change, and effective adaptation measures are a regional imperative. Such climate adaptation plans are predicated in part on external assistance that is actuated through financial mechanisms. What is less clear is how these mechanisms actually operate, what problems they foment and what pitfalls need to avoided in future policies.
By C.R. Abrar
Political and economic reforms in Myanmar have brought a wide range of companies and state enterprises to its doorstep – all eager to tap the country’s abundant natural resources and its growth potential. However, in the absence of strong regulatory frameworks, Myanmar could fall victim to its own resource abundance. What is required therefore are frameworks for responsible resource management founded on the principles of transparency, accountability and community engagement.
Climate change is a major non-traditional security (NTS) challenge for Bangladesh. Sea level rise, and the possible loss of land mass, represents an existential threat to the country. More immediately, thousands of people are directly and indirectly suffering from the impacts of climate events. This NTS Policy Brief highlights key climate change-related challenges facing Bangladesh. It goes on to provide policy recommendations for governmental as well as non-governmental organisations (NGOs) dealing with the climate vulnerabilities experienced by Bangladesh.
January’s weather extremes: Will it spur new action?
By J. Jackson Ewing and Sally Trethewie
January 2013 saw weather and environmental extremes across the globe pose severe threats to lives and livelihoods. Unprecedented hot weather and heavy flooding were seen in Australia. Abnormally cold weather hit China, western Russia and South Asia. Areas of North and South America battled some of the worst droughts of the past century.
NTS Alert no. AL1301
By Sofiah Jamil