On this 3rd May, 2018, the Media were briefed on the decisions of a special cabinet meeting on disasters which took place on 2nd May, 2018 and chaired by His Excellence, Paul KAGAME.
From January to end April, heavy rains have been pouring in the whole country. Heavy rains caused different disasters including floods, landslides, thunderstorms and strong winds among others.
The disaster effects caused deaths and injured people. They destroyed infrastructures like roads, schools, and bridges and further damaged houses and crops.
The Institutions and Non-Governmental Organizations working in Rwanda were called upon to own the joint Gender Action Plan for Refugees living in different camps in Rwanda. That call was made on 8th February, 2018 during the launch of the Inter-Agency Gender Action Plan that is to enable the closure of available gender gaps in all refugee camps in Rwanda.
Over the period from 7 to 8 May 2016, a disaster caused by the landslide, heavy rains with strong wind in Northern Province specifically in Gakenke District occurred and caused 34 deaths, complete destruction of 2,317 houses, partial destruction of 1,500 houses, destruction of various infrastructures including 58 km of roads, 29 bridges, 1425 households, damage of 3,447 hectares of agricultural land with various crops such as rice, beans, maize and the loss of 700 livestock among others.
The Government of Rwanda through the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees, the Rwanda Directorate General of immigration and Emigration, the National Identification Agency (NIDA) in partnership with the United Nations Agency for Refugees (UNHCR) launched on 9th February, 2018 at OAISIS OF PEACE the Verification Exercise of all Refugees and Asylum seekers living in Rwanda with the purpose of updating information and verifying their physical presence in the country through biometric data.
On Friday 12th January, 2018, 350 youth refugee students from 4 refugee camps (Gihembe, Nyabiheke, Kiziba and Kigeme) graduated from Gitwe Adventist College located in Ruhango District after 45 days of training and vocational and Education training (TVET).
All graduands trained by ADRA Rwanda and IMPACT HOPE are Congolese youth refugees. They were trained on different trades: 146 trained on hair dressing, 58 on Electricity installation and domestic maintenance, 86 on Tailoring, 35 trained on Plumbing and 24 trained on Permaculture.
Ngororero District is prone to disasters like floods, landslides, droughts, windstorms, and lightning among others which hamper the development of the district Population.
The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees in partnership with ONE UN family in Rwanda crafted a two year Project “UNTFHS-Strengthening Human Security by Enhancing Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate-Related Threats in Ngororero District” to support Ngororero Population from disasters’ Risks.
Since 2011, the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees has carried out different activities encouraging the Rwandan refugees who were still living in exile to repatriate before the coming into effect of the Comprehensive Solutions Strategy (Cessation Clause) on 31st December, 2017.
84,596 Rwandans have been repatriated since 2009. The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees supported those Rwandans to be well integrated in the Rwandan Society. However, there are Rwandans still living in host countries under the refugee status.
Rwanda is faced with wide-ranging challenges and problems of environmental degradation. Home to about 11 million people, Rwanda is amongst the most densely populated country in Africa.
Influx of refugees adds to this population density burden and reinforces the already intense population pressure on the environment causing depletion of natural resources as well as exacerbating land scarcity problems.
This project seeks to ensure the protection and welfare of refugees and asylum seekers in Rwanda. The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee (MIDIMAR) on behalf of the Government of Rwanda ensures the protection of refugees and asylum seekers. Over 80% of the refugees’ population is located in six refugee camps of Rwanda, while just under 20% of the population lives in the greater urban areas of Kigali and Huye.
Numbers of refugees in camps:
In response to the recommendation of December 31, 2011, to declare the cessation clause for Rwandan refugees, and in an effort to ensure sustained return and reintegration opportunities for Rwandan returnees “the Sustainable Return and Reintegration of Rwandan Returnees was launched on the 29th November 2012”.
Through coordinated efforts, the Government of Rwanda through the overall coordination of the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee MIDIMAR and the One UN in Rwanda developed a three year Joint Program to address specific needs of Rwandan returnees.
We are a happy family after returning in our home country and getting our own house
Under the Sustainable Return and Reintegration Project of MIDIMAR, 75 houses were provided to most vulnerable Rwandan returnees. NDAGIJIMANA Jean Baptiste, 52, married to UWIMANA Alivera, 35, with 3 children is the beneficiary who received one of those houses.
The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees, under the project “UNTFHS-Strengthening Human Security by Enhancing Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate-Related Threats in Ngororero District”, trained the Members of the Sector Disaster Management Committees (SEDIMAC) in Ngororero District to increase their capacities in mitigating the risks of Disasters and strengthening awareness on laws related to the disaster risk management.
The Hon. DE BONHEUR Jeanne d’Arc, Minister of Disaster Management and Refugees, paid a courtesy call on Mugombwa (Gisagara District) and Kigeme (Nyamagabe District) refugee camps from 15th to 16th November, 2017 to engage implementing partners and refugees to discuss the later living conditions.
In both refugee camps located in Southern Province, Hon. Minister stopped at different facilities and infrastructures in the camps including but not limited to shelters, schools, water and sanitation, health centre and environmental protection activities.
On Monday October 30, 2017, the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees (MIDIMAR) received 1,900 iron sheets from Trocaire Rwanda as a support to the families whose houses were damaged by heavy rain which devastated some parts of the country since August, 2017.
The Minister of MIDIMAR, Hon. De Bonheur Jeanne d’Arc together with the UNHCR Representative to Rwanda, Mr. Ahmed Baba Fall and other implementing partners visited Kiziba Congolese refugees’ camp on 29th September, 2017 to assess the living conditions of refugees in Kizaba camp.
Visiting Kiziba Refugee camp, oldest camp in Rwanda and a home to 17,166 Congolese, Hon. De Bonheur Jeanne d’Arc stopped at different facilities available in the camp. She visited the water supplying facilities, health posts and classrooms used by students of different levels among others.
From 25th- 29th September, 2017, 15 Rwandan refugees exiled in different countries since 1994 participated in the “Come and See, Go and Tell” programme organized by the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees in partnership with UNHCR.
In 2015 when RUGEMANGABO Eloge, the President of Executive Committee of Burindian Refugees in Mahama Camp, came in Rwanda with his compatriots seeking for protection, they had a little hope for their future. “Now we are very grateful to the Government of Rwanda and different implementing partners for a granted protection and restoring our hope for the future,” said Eloge during the courtesy visit of Minister of MIDIMAR, Hon. De Bonheur Jeanne d’Arc in Mahama camp on 20th September, 2017.
On 19th September, 2017 - The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees (MIDIMAR) intervened in Gicumbi District and provided support to the population affected by heavy rain that hit and destroyed their homes on Sunday 17th September, 2017.
The heavy rain destroyed more than 55 houses. It washed away family belongings that were in those houses. It left affected population under a great need of support.
On September 15, 2017 - The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees (MIDIMAR) in partnership with UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) have launched the use of cooking gas in Nyarushishi transit centre, in Rusizi District, to improve health and reduce environmental damage caused by the excessive use of firewood.
The new gas program was launched by Hon. Mme De Bonheur Jeanne d’Arc and the UNHCR Head of Field Office, Mr. Ben Boubacar Diallo, .