Venezuela suffers from a profound and multifaceted crisis. Years of mismanagement have led to a crippling economic contraction and an inflation rate projected to reach 1,000,000 percent in 2018. Citizens are chronically short of food and medicine and face some of the world’s highest levels of violence. The governing regime has systematically dismantled democratic checks and balances, consolidating power through fraudulent elections, violent repression and the cynical use of scarcity as a tool of control.
WRC Research Paper No. 5
Series: World Refugee Council Research Paper Series
Author: Sarah Deardorff Miller
World Refugee Council Research Paper No. 4 — August 2018
Sarah Deardorff Miller
Authors: Eileen Pittaway Linda Bartolomei
WRC Research Paper No. 2
SERIES: WORLD REFUGEE COUNCIL RESEARCH PAPER SERIES
PUBLISHED: JULY 27, 2018
AUTHOR: ROBERT MUGGAH WITH ADRIANA ERTHAL ABDENUR
Brenda L. Gunn
With the number of refugees and internally displaced persons currently more than 70 million, the global level of forced migration is now greater than ever. The present arrangements for responding to their needs are falling far short in almost every respect. Fresh thinking is required to develop a more effective legal, social and financial framework to meet this challenge.
The World Refugee Council (WRC) was created as a catalyst for that fresh thinking, and as a forum in which policy innovations can be developed.
Accountability is lacking at every point in the refugee cycle — from upstream, where refugee flows are triggered violently and with impunity by criminal regimes and non-state actors, to downstream, where governments shirk their treaty commitments and moral obligations for political gain.
Against the backdrop of large-scale movements of refugees and migrants to Europe in 2015 and horrific loss of life among refugees traversing the Mediterranean and the Aegean seas to escape violence and despair, the United Nations convened the High-Level Plenary on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants. On September 19, 2016, the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants was unanimously adopted by all 193 members of the United Nations.
PUBLISHED: MAY 24, 2017
CIGI EXPERT: JACQUELINE LOPOUR
As a civil war in Yemen persists, a cholera outbreak in the country is spreading at an unprecedented rate, according to the United Nations, which says that there were more than 35,500 suspected cases of the disease reported in the past three weeks, and 361 deaths. Amid urgent appeals for international assistance, CIGI Research Associate Jacqueline Lopour talks about the underlying connections between conflict, cholera and water security.
CIGI: Can you tell us about the water crisis in the Yemen?
CIGI Paper No. 97
SERIES: CIGI PAPERS SERIES
BY: JACQUELINE LOPOUR
The Internet enables the free flow of information on an unprecedented scale but to an increasing extent the management of individuals’ fundamental rights, such as privacy and the mediation of free expression, is being left in the hands of private actors. The popularity of a few web platforms across the globe confers on the providers both great power and heavy responsibilities.
Suzan Ilcan, Marcia Oliver and Laura Connoy
Fixing Climate Governance Paper No. 2
Series: Fixing Climate Governance Series
by: Arunabha Ghosh, Anupama Vijayakumar, and Sudatta Ray
Sub-Saharan African smallholder farmers face numerous agricultural obstacles — such as climate change and the environment, corporate commodification of food and unpredictable political environments — and farmers are finding it difficult to sustain agricultural livelihoods and output. The international community currently approaches these obstacles through biotechnology, a temporary solution that contributes to the overarching issues of food security.
This research report examines the “vertical integration” of the United Nations (UN) peace building efforts in Sierra Leone by examining the extent to which the mission reached beyond national government institutions and elites to engage society more broadly in peace building. It focuses on the country’s youth crisis as a persistent cause of conflict that presents ample opportunity for civil society engagement, and identifies two modes of coordinating youth peace building efforts across international, national and local scales.
CIGI Policy Brief No. 47
BY: HAYLEY MACKINNON
PUBLISHED: JULY 29, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 43
BY: TIMOTHY DONAIS
PUBLISHED: JUNE 27, 2014