The most recent chapter in a decades-long series of Rohingya refugee crises, which erupted in August 2017, has reignited discussion over the policies and legal structures, or lack thereof, to protect the rights of refugees and asylum seekers in Asia. Policy and binding legal frameworks are essential means of protecting the rights of forced migrants.
“HOW MANY TIMES THEY WILL LIVE AS NOMADS? THEIR REPATRIATION IS MOST NEEDED.” 50-YEAR-OLD BANGLADESHI MALE, NHILLA
The Central Mediterranean Sea is host to the most active of the three known major migratory routes into Europe.
Since August 25, more than 671,000 Rohingya have fled to neighboring Bangladesh to escape killings and other mass atrocities being conducted in Rakhine State, Myanmar. Xchange arrived shortly after the first Rohingya refugees fled to Bangladesh and has been collecting data and closely monitoring the developments ever since. Through surveying the Rohingya refugee population we’ve been able to analyze the journeys and incidents which led so many people to flee (Rohingya Survey 2017).
About the Survey
February 25, 2018 marked the six-month anniversary of intensified flight from northern Rakhine State. On August 25 last year, Myanmar’s military launched renewed ‘clearance operations,’ ostensibly in response to attacks on police posts by Rohingya insurgents. Since then, 671,000 Rohingyas have fled across the border to Bangladesh; while arrival numbers have slowed, a trickle of refugees continue to cross the border, escaping ongoing persecution.
During September-October 2017 we have collected 1,360 testimonies from Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar ( Bangladesh ) - This is what we found.
❝The Rohingya are often referred to as ‘one of the world’s most persecuted minorities’ by activists and the press.❞
The Migration Country Profiles project aspires to contribute to a better understanding of migratory trends across Africa and the Middle East towards Europe. The project focuses specifically on the 2016 top-ten countries of origin of migrants and six key countries of transit that migrants are likely to take before embarking on the Mediterranean or Aegean sea journeys.
The profiles take particular consideration the push factors of migration, including human rights, conflict, and development contexts of each country of origin and transit.
April 2015 was the deadliest month on record for migrants crossing from Libya to Europe with an estimated 1,250 people perishing in just two accidents off Libya. NANCY PORSIA spoke to one of the survivors from that dark month in the Mediterranean’s history who gave her a heartwarming story of hope.
The last time Alì Sohana saw his mother was in the northern Nigerien outpost town of Agadez; a major regional hub for sub-Saharan migrants making their way to Libya, many in the hope of crossing to Europe. It was early 2015 and Alì was just 17-years-old.
The Migration Geo-Portal aspires to promote a better understanding of migratory trends towards Europe through in-depth data analysis and visualisation. Our work focuses specifically on migrant arrivals, and fatal incidences during the sea journeys, to Italy, Greece, and Spain. We update the Migration Geoportal monthly giving insight into the most recent developments in the Mediterranean diaspora.
One out of ten respondents in a global survey said they would welcome refugees in their homes, while 80% overall said they would want their country to provide shelter.Respondents in China, Germany and the UK emerged as overall the most welcoming countries in the world.
Migrants have been dying in the Mediterranean since at least the 1980s but the year 2000 is considered a benchmark year when Europe really started building up border control in response to the phenomenon. In many cases these actions largely displaced the problem from one country to the next. This map plots tragic incidents of migrants and refugees who died trying to reach Europe by sea. Press play to see the accidents unfold but you can pause and look for the description of a specific event on the side bar.
Seaborne travel from northern Rakhine to Malaysia via Thailand gained momentum in 2006, according to the Arakan Project, an NGO that has monitors seaborne migration in the region, although a few boats sailed from the mid-1990s when travel restrictions in Rakhine began to be tightened.