Dzud is a cyclical slow onset disaster unique to Mongolia. It consists of a summer drought, resulting in insufficient production of hay, followed by a very heavy winter snow (10 to 350 cm), winds and lower than normal temperatures (-40° C to-50° C). During this time an excessive number of livestock die causing basic services, and in the longer term, livelihoods to collapse in vulnerable herder communities.
Today, the National Emergency Management Agency, the United Nations agencies in Mongolia, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, World Vision and Save the Children International jointly launched the Mongolian Humanitarian Country Team ("HCT") with the key objective of improving coordination and harmonizing of preparedness and response to humanitarian disasters.
The Humanitarian Country Team is composed of those organizations that undertake humanitarian actions and have accepted to co-lead, with Government, sector wide approaches to preparing for …
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Mongolia has one of the coldest climates in the world, with temperatures dropping below -20=BAC for several months each year. The 2009-10 winter, which has been extremely harsh even by Mongolian standards, has resulted in increased maternal and child mortality, and an unprecedented loss of livestock and the collapse of thousands of people's livelihoods and many basic services.
[ 25 January 2010 ]
Mongolia is currently threatened by a "Dzud", which is a multiple natural disaster consisting of a summer drought producing small stockpiling of fodder, followed by very heavy winter snow and lower than normal temperatures.
Heavy and continuous snowfall and blizzards have resulted in a sharp fall in daily temperatures - dropping to below -40=B0Celsius in 19 out of a total of 21 'aimags' (provinces) in Mongolia.
According to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the extreme cold and heavy snow have already caused the death of more …
- Highlights/Key priorities
Summary of Main challenges:
- Heavy snow causing major disruption in road transportation and access to remote areas;
- Limited supply of hay and fodder for livestock;
- Limited supply of heating, fuel, clothing and food stuff;
- Approximately 22,200 children in 265 dormitories with poorly functioning or non-functioning heating systems and limited nutritious food supply.
- Schools with limited adult supervision or recreation for grounded children.
- Limited supply of energy sources such as coal, firewood and electricity;
- Disruption …
The United Nations and Government of Mongolia today launched an international appeal for assistance for herder families stricken by a second consecutive winter disaster. As many as 6 million head of livestock - about 20% of the national herd - could perish during the next four months due to severe winter conditions coming at the heels of prolonged drought in the summer of 2000 and another winter disaster during 1999-2000.