Iraq’s Democratic Experience - Prospects and Challenges
Rafidain Centre, Najaf
4 December 2018
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Thank you for the invitation to speak here today, at the Al-Rafidain Center, on Iraq’s democratic experience.
Baghdad, Iraq, 29 November 2018 - Iraqi Prime Minister Mr. Adel Abdul-Mahdi received on 29 November the United Nations Special Adviser and Head of the Investigative Team to Promote Accountability for the Crimes of Da'esh / ISIL, Mr. Karim Asad Ahmad Khan.
Ramadi, Iraq, 17 November 2018 – Witnessing firsthand how the protection, development and stabilization work of the United Nations in Iraq in areas liberated from Da’esh can contribute to the prevention of crisis, Under-Secretary-General and the UN Secretary-General’s Advisor on Policy, Ms. Ana Maria Menéndez, visited Anbar Governorate in western Iraq on 17 November 2018. She met with local Iraqi officials, including the Governor and the head of the Provincial Council, to hear about the challenges the population are facing and how the UN can help to overcome them.
Baghdad; Iraq. 06 March 2018 – On 6 March, the Government of Iraq as well as the United Nations and its partners launched their 2018 plans for Iraq – the Plan for Relief, Shelter and Stabilization of Displaced People and the Humanitarian Response Plan.
The aim of the UN’s two-year Recovery and Resilience Programme is to fast-track the social dimensions of reconstruction.
The activities in the RRP build on existing efforts and are designed to help ensure that people see tangible improvements in their daily lives at the start of the reconstruction process, rather than waiting years to benefit from large-scale infrastructure projects and structural reforms.
Kuwait City/Baghdad/New York (14 February 2018) - UN Secretary-General António Guterres launched the Iraq Recovery and Resilience Programme today at the Kuwait International Conference for the Reconstruction of Iraq.
The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most volatile in the world. The pace of displacement over the past three years is nearly without precedent. In 2014, over 2.5 million civilians were displaced in Iraq; in 2015, more than an additional 1 million were forced to flee. During the past year, nearly 700,000 people in areas impacted by the conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have been newly displaced. Every one of the nine major military campaigns during 2016 has created new displacement.
Overview of the crisis
The humanitarian crisis in Iraq is highly complex, volatile, becoming protracted and expected to widen and worsen in the year ahead.
Baghdad, 16 June 2015 – The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (SRSG), Mr. Ján Kubiš, met today with a number of senior representatives of the Iraqi media. At the meeting various issues of the current Iraqi situation, including political, military, humanitarian, economic, social and cultural issues were discussed.
SRSG Kubiš asked the media leaders to assist the United Nations in Iraq by pointing out important issues that they would like the UN system, including the different UN agencies, Funds and Programmes, to focus on.
The 2015 Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) has been elaborated by partners mid-way through the annual programme cycle in response to critical funding shortages. The HRP targets populations in critical need throughout Iraq but does not cover the refugee response in Iraq; this is covered in the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), launched in 2014. In an effort to present a comprehensive overview of the humanitarian situation in Iraq, refugee needs are referenced in relevant sections of the HRP.
10 million people expected to be in need by the end of 2015
BRUSSELS, 4 June, 2015 – Vital aid operations supporting millions of people affected by the conflict in Iraq risk closure unless funds are made available immediately, the official overseeing humanitarian operations in the country said today.
Erbil, 1 April 2015 – A UN convoy carrying life-saving assistance for thousands of people has arrived today in the town of al-Baghdadi in Anbar Governorate, where the conflict has left thousands of residents with very limited access to food, clean water and medicine. UN agencies have been struggling to reach the area because of the siege south of the town.
Three UN agencies took part in the convoy: World Food Programme (WFP), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Over 1 million Iraqis displaced in the region
Erbil, 26 March – The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the United Nations (UN) met in Erbil to discuss funding concerns for the more than 1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the region.
According to the Kurdish Ministry of Planning and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 40 per cent of all Iraq’s over 2.5 million displaced are now in KR-I, with the rest spread throughout Iraq having fled violence in Anbar, Ninewa, Diyala and Salah al-Din governorates.
Sixty percent of humanitarian operations in Iraq are in financial trouble and will shut-down or be curtailed unless funding is received in the next few weeks. The impact of this will be catastrophic for hundreds of thousands of people at extreme risk. This document presents fast-track priorities which cannot be postponed or ignored. Ninety percent of the funds being requested will support internally displaced persons, whose life-saving and protection needs are enormous, and likely to grow.
Baghdad, 21 January – The Council of Representatives (COR) this week launched in Baghdad the NGO Human Rights Advisory Board, which will assist the parliament's Human Rights Committee to effectively engage with the civil society and promote human rights through the legislative body. The UN development agency (UNDP) played an instrumental role in creating this platform, first of its kind in Iraq.
Close to half of all displaced Iraqis are in the KR-I
Erbil, 23 December – The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the United Nations (UN) have taken stock of progress made in the last months to respond to the needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs). They have identified an urgent requirement for an additional US$152.2 million of funding to cover the basic needs of close to a million displaced Iraqis across the KR-I as part of their revised Immediate Response Plan II (IRP2).