Papua New Guinea shares the island of New Guinea with Indonesia. The country of 463,000 km² includes a group of islands in Oceania, between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean.
Morocco is situated in the north west of the continent of Africa. The territory extends over 710,850 km2 and the coastline covers 2900km on the Atlantic Ocean, as well as 512 km of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. The Moroccan population is approximately 33.8 million people. Morocco has enjoyed a comparatively steady political and economic development trajectory compared to neighbouring countries.
The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked least developed country (LDC) in the Himalayan Mountains, with a population of 768,577, covering an area of 38,394 km². The area is mountainous, with steep slopes and 70% forest cover. The climate varies by altitude from alpine to subtropical and is strongly influenced by monsoons. The terrain limits agricultural productivity, but whilst agriculture contributes only 16% to GDP, it employs around 58% of the workforce.
The Republic of Armenia is a small landlocked country in the Caucasus region, with an area of 29,743m² and a population of 2,998,600. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with fast flowing rivers, and few forests. The climate is highland continental, which means that Armenia is subject to hot summers and cold winters. Agricultural lands cover 69% of the territory and agriculture employs 44% of the working population, although agriculture´s contribution to the overall economy is declining.
Several countries have disaster risk management plans, which need to be taken into consideration in the process to formulate and implement NAPs.
Many Caribbean countries have already mainstreamed adaptation into national development plans and climate change policies
Robust institutional arrangements provide an enabling environment for advancing adaptation planning.
Climate change has far-reaching impacts on human health and well-being. Changing temperature and rainfall patterns impact crop yield, food and water security, and nutrition. The increased frequency and intensity of extreme events can cause not only injury, but also increase the risk of water-borne diseases (diarrhoeal disease, Hepatitis A and E, bacterial diseases such as cholera), diseases associated with crowding (measles, meningitis, acute respiratory infections) and vector-borne diseases (malaria, dengue), as well as psychological and emotional distress related to traumatic events.
October 31st 2017, Apia – As officials gather in Bonn for the annual COP climate talks, the Government of Samoa and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) today officially launched a multi-million dollar project (dubbed “IMPRESS” - “Improving the Performance and Reliability of Renewable Energy Power System in Samoa”) to enhance sustainable and cost-effective energy production in the Small Island Developing State.
On February 13, 2017, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council approved a total of US $ 4 million and US $ 2.6 million, respectively, for Lesotho and Malawi as part of additional financing projects with the African Development Bank (AfDB). The funds are mobilized under the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) of the GEF.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
À PROPOS DU PRÉSENT RAPPORT
Across Sri Lanka, climate change related weather aberrations and resultant extreme weather events are becoming increasingly common. While this affects the country at large, farmers and agricultural workers face the worst impacts of this variability. The increased frequency of flood and drought incidence in the last ten years has caused severe hardship to poor farmers across Sri Lanka.
Women and men have different vulnerabilities to climate change impacts on food security, agricultural productivity, livelihood, water availability, sanitation, health and energy, among others. Existing gender inequalities, such as limited access to natural resources and productive assets including land and finance and to household and community decision-making constrain their ability to adapt to and cope with climate change.
UNDP-supported GEF-Financed Climate Information and Early Warning Systems Projects in Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia recently toured meteorological facilities in the Philippines on a South-South technology and knowledge transfer mission to see first-hand how an extensive weather and climate observing network can be deployed through Automated Weather Stations (AWS). This report captures this lessons learned from the mission.
In the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project focused on coastal zone management on the island of Kosrae, and specifically the ‘climate proofing’ of a section of island road. The choice of project was influenced by earlier work under the Asian Development Bank (ADB)-funded Climate Adaptation in the Pacific (CLIMAP) project in 2005, which identified the need for climate proofing of the road, and carried out various assessments and analyses, but did not complete the on-the-ground work.
The study reported here was developed under the PACC project to demonstrate the combined use of modelling, a climate tool – the Cook Islands Coastal Calculator – and community knowledge to quantify the risk of coastal inundation to property and infrastructure in the village of Oneroa now and under future climate scenarios, and to incorporate this information into community decision making and planning for 'climate-proof' development. The study was led by a team of technical experts from the SPC, SOPAC and NIWA, with assistance from the Cook Islands (MOIP)
Engaging the private sector in identifying climate change risks, response measures, and adaptation needs to be a much higher priority in developing countries. The importance of the private sector role is evident from the increasing availability of empirical experience including lessons from adaptation projects supported by climate funds.