Climate change has far-reaching impacts on human health and well-being. Changing temperature and rainfall patterns impact crop yield, food and water security, and nutrition. The increased frequency and intensity of extreme events can cause not only injury, but also increase the risk of water-borne diseases (diarrhoeal disease, Hepatitis A and E, bacterial diseases such as cholera), diseases associated with crowding (measles, meningitis, acute respiratory infections) and vector-borne diseases (malaria, dengue), as well as psychological and emotional distress related to traumatic events.
October 31st 2017, Apia – As officials gather in Bonn for the annual COP climate talks, the Government of Samoa and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) today officially launched a multi-million dollar project (dubbed “IMPRESS” - “Improving the Performance and Reliability of Renewable Energy Power System in Samoa”) to enhance sustainable and cost-effective energy production in the Small Island Developing State.
On February 13, 2017, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council approved a total of US $ 4 million and US $ 2.6 million, respectively, for Lesotho and Malawi as part of additional financing projects with the African Development Bank (AfDB). The funds are mobilized under the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) of the GEF.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
À PROPOS DU PRÉSENT RAPPORT
Across Sri Lanka, climate change related weather aberrations and resultant extreme weather events are becoming increasingly common. While this affects the country at large, farmers and agricultural workers face the worst impacts of this variability. The increased frequency of flood and drought incidence in the last ten years has caused severe hardship to poor farmers across Sri Lanka.
Women and men have different vulnerabilities to climate change impacts on food security, agricultural productivity, livelihood, water availability, sanitation, health and energy, among others. Existing gender inequalities, such as limited access to natural resources and productive assets including land and finance and to household and community decision-making constrain their ability to adapt to and cope with climate change.
UNDP-supported GEF-Financed Climate Information and Early Warning Systems Projects in Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia recently toured meteorological facilities in the Philippines on a South-South technology and knowledge transfer mission to see first-hand how an extensive weather and climate observing network can be deployed through Automated Weather Stations (AWS). This report captures this lessons learned from the mission.
In the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project focused on coastal zone management on the island of Kosrae, and specifically the ‘climate proofing’ of a section of island road. The choice of project was influenced by earlier work under the Asian Development Bank (ADB)-funded Climate Adaptation in the Pacific (CLIMAP) project in 2005, which identified the need for climate proofing of the road, and carried out various assessments and analyses, but did not complete the on-the-ground work.
The study reported here was developed under the PACC project to demonstrate the combined use of modelling, a climate tool – the Cook Islands Coastal Calculator – and community knowledge to quantify the risk of coastal inundation to property and infrastructure in the village of Oneroa now and under future climate scenarios, and to incorporate this information into community decision making and planning for 'climate-proof' development. The study was led by a team of technical experts from the SPC, SOPAC and NIWA, with assistance from the Cook Islands (MOIP)
Engaging the private sector in identifying climate change risks, response measures, and adaptation needs to be a much higher priority in developing countries. The importance of the private sector role is evident from the increasing availability of empirical experience including lessons from adaptation projects supported by climate funds.
Another eventful year has passed and many
of the reforms we planted to strengthen the Global Environment Facility
(GEF), are bearing fruit. We have a number of successes detailed in this
annual report which offer a snapshot of nearly two decades of joint investment
in cross-border environmental challenges. I would like to draw your attention
to several outstanding achievements of the GEF since July 2007. Among them: