The world could miss out in the fight against climate change and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) if the current scale of forest destruction continues, according to Kofi Annan, chair of the Africa Progress Panel.
For Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015 is a turning point. The summits on sustainable development, financing and climate change are swinging the spotlight not only onto Africa’s needs to accelerate development and adapt to global warming, but also onto the region’s urgent energy crisis. Two in three Africans lack access to electricity.
More than two billion people still suffer from poor nutrition.
As countries race to negotiate a new climate treaty by December 2015, the nature of the climate regime is evolving in profound ways. First, the object of the negotiations has shifted.
At the global climate conference in Paris in late 2015, world leaders have promised concerted action to limit greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate harmful climate effects. As that date approaches, Africa finds itself in a unique position: no region faces greater risks from the effects of climate change, yet Africa accounts for only 3 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Civil society must hold political leaders and business to account measuring their actions against their promises, Kofi Annan, Chair of the Africa Progress Panel, told a meeting in Addis Ababa on Monday, adding that malnutrition on the continent represents political failure.
In June, African Union leaders at a meeting in Malabo renewed their 2003 commitment to allocate at least 10 percent of their national budgets to agriculture.
“Africa is a land of opportunity … business opportunities are there, growth is there and the population is there.”
PRESIDENT MACKY SALL Senegal, January 2014
“Families have lived off fish for generations…but fish stocks have been reduced. Our revenues have come down. We used to be able to save a bit for our children’s education or to fix our boats but it has now become harder to make ends meet.”
ISSA FALL, FISHERMAN COMMITTEE Soumbedioune, Senegal, January 2014
By Stephen Yeboah
A grim history of secret mining deals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has prevented the country’s mineral wealth from benefiting its 67 million citizens. But political initiatives and international engagement give hope that the DRC is moving more quickly towards greater transparency.
By Caroline Kende Robb
Africa has been winning media attention for boosting women’s representation in political life. Less noticed by many, it has been saving more maternal lives too.
By Caroline Kende Robb
Kofi Annan once said, “Education is a human right with immense power to transform. On its foundation rest the cornerstones of freedom, democracy and sustainable human development.”
We therefore welcome and look forward to the upcoming launch of the UN Secretary-General’s global initiative on education, termed ‘Education First’, later this month. ‘Education First’ aims to put education at the heart of the social, political and development agenda.
Africa’s ongoing education crisis demands the urgent attention of political leaders and aid partners.
We do not use the word “crisis” lightly. In education, as in other areas, much has been achieved over the past decade. Enrolment levels have soared. More children are making it through primary education into secondary school. Gender gaps have narrowed. Many countries have registered a pace of advance that would have been inconceivable when the Millennium Development Goals were established.
The global food system is under acute and rising pressure – and Africa’s farmers are feeling its full force. There is still more than enough food in the world to feed everyone. But population and economic growth as well as the search for low-carbon energy sources are driving up demand for arable land, while climate change, ecological constraints and lower levels of productivity growth in agriculture are limiting food supply.
Africa Progress Panel warns that growing inequality threatens Africa’s growth
New report says that African leaders must deliver on jobs, justice and equity to turn Africa’s population boom into a demographic dividend and avoid “disaster”
26 Jan 2012
It might surprise many who know of my life in politics and international affairs but, in my heart, I consider myself a farmer.... Few achievements give me greater pride and satisfaction than the livestock, crop and vegetable farm I started back in 1979 and where I now spend much of my time.
African agriculture was neglected by many governments and donors in the 1980s and 1990s. Now, however, there is renewed commitment to agriculture centred on the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP), the Maputo declaration of 2003 and donor promises of increased funding for agriculture.
What, then, needs to be done to boost production and productivity? There needs to be a favourable environment for investment and governments need to invest more in roads, agricultural research and extension services, and rural schooling, clean water and health care.
One woman dies per minute in childbirth around the globe. Almost half of these deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the progress made in many countries in increasing the availability of maternal healthcare, the majority of women across Africa remain without full access to this care.
There are known, cost- effective interventions that can dramatically reduce maternal mortality. Investing in maternal health is a political and social imperative, as well as a cost-effective way of strengthening health systems overall.
More financing is required for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, climate-change adaptation and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in Africa. While the private sector can play a substantial role in mobilizing resources for climate-change mitigation and key infrastructure investments, the bulk of required expenditure must be publicly financed.