Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Afghanistan – one new case of wild poliovirus (WPV1). Democratic Republic of Congo – two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). See country sections below for more details.
Featured on www.polioeradication.org: Coffee with Polio Experts – Darcy Levison of WHO talks about the logistical challenges of reaching every child in the Lake Chad subregion.
Summary of new viruses this week: Papua New Guinea – three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1). No new cases of wild poliovirus. Afghanistan and Pakistan continue to detect WPV1 through environmental sampling, indicating sustained transmission. See country sections below for more details.
Six polio cases confirmed since June 2018; risk of further spread within the country is high
26 AUGUST 2018, PORT MORESBY – Two new polio cases were reported today by the National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea from Madang and Eastern Highlands Province.
Summary of new viruses this week: Afghanistan – one new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case. Democratic Republic of the Congo ‒ Based on positive contacts, two negative AFP index cases classified as circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). Nigeria – three new cases of cVDPV2. Papua New Guinea – two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1). See country sections for more details.
On Pakistan Independence Day, vaccinators break records for the number of children protected against polio.
Children clutch parents as the crowds gather. Overhead, clouds fill the sky, whilst below, noise rolls around the square where people stand. Shouts, music, and laughs all contribute to a growing sense of occasion.
By Roland Sutter, Research, Policy and Containment Team, Polio Eradication Department, WHO
In April 2016, the polio programme embarked on a massive, coordinated effort to withdraw Sabin type-2 from routine use, through a synchronized switch from the trivalent formulation of the oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) to the bivalent form (bOPV). Over a two-week period, 155 countries and territories successfully made this change, marking the largest and fastest vaccine rollout in history.
- Summary of new viruses this week: Afghanistan – two new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) positive environmental samples. Democratic Republic of the Congo – circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 detected in the stool samples of two healthy contacts of two different negative AFP cases. Nigeria – one new case of cVDPV2, and two new cVDPV2 positive environmental samples. Somalia – one new case of cVDPV2. See country sections below for more details.
Campaign in August targets children under 5 years of age in nine provinces
23 AUGUST 2018, PORT MORESBY - An estimated 700, 110 children under 5 years old will be vaccinated against polio in nine provinces of Papua New Guinea in August 2018. The National Department of Health (NDOH) is mobilizing 4,964 polio workers who will be deployed to 49 districts.
Risk of further spread of polio within the country is high
13 AUGUST 2018, PORT MORESBY - A new polio case was reported today by the National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea (NDOH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in a 22-month old girl from Eastern Highlands Province. This is the fourth case in the country, following confirmation of two cases from Morobe Province in June and July 2018 and a case from Enga in early August.
Children in 9 provinces to be reached in August; nationwide in September and October
9 AUGUST 2018, PORT MORESBY - Almost 300 000 children under the age of 5 in Morobe, Madang and Eastern Highlands Provinces were vaccinated in the first round of the polio campaign in Papua New Guinea.
In Papua New Guinea, a third case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) has been confirmed, from a newly-infected province (Enga province). Emergency outbreak response is being enhanced and reviewed, including to potentially expand vaccination geographically. More information is available here. and in the ‘Papua New Guinea’ section below.
Department of Health and WHO conducting joint field investigation following confirmation of case in another province
6 AUGUST 2018, PORT MORESBY - The National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea (NDOH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) today announced a case of polio in a 3-year old boy from Mulitaka, Laigam District in Enga Province. The case is the third in the country, following confirmation of two cases from Lae, Morobe Province in June and July 2018.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, provincial governors at a high-level emergency meeting signed the ‘Kinshasa Declaration for Polio Eradication’, committing to providing the necessary oversight, accountability and resources to urgently improve quality of outbreak response.
Afia is part of one of the biggest female work forces in Afghanistan.
This is southern Afghanistan. A place characterized by a rich, diverse, but often complex history. Enveloped by mountains, this part of the country has seen years of conflict which have left hospitals under-resourced and health services shattered. Children face many challenges – as well as conflict and poverty, southern Afghanistan has the highest number of polio cases in the world.
In this difficult environment, the virus can only be defeated if every child is vaccinated.
How a vaccine refuser became an advocate for polio eradication.
Molvi Hameedullah Hameedi is a prominent religious scholar in a mountainous rural area of Killa Abdullah district, one of the poorest districts in Balochistan province, Pakistan. With a close connection to his community, who are mostly Pashtuns, he delivers the sermon each week during Friday prayers, and runs a religious seminary.
He is also a determined supporter of routine vaccination for all children, and an advocate for better health.
Across the Lake Chad Basin, e-Surve technology is revolutionising the way that the polio programme conducts disease surveillance.
Nine hours away from the nearest large town, Dr Adele Daleke Lisi Aluma speaks to Robert, who manages a small health clinic on Banagore, an island in the Lake Chad Basin. With paperwork spread around them, she listens carefully he responds to each question: Can you tell me how to recognise the symptoms of a potential polio case? Can you show me the records of any measles cases since I last visited?
The Minister of Health of Papua New Guinea officially launched the outbreak response campaign on 16 July in Morobe, Madang and Eastern Highlands provinces.
Summary of new viruses this week: advance notification of one wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case in Afghanistan in Kunar province. In Nigeria, one new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) as well as three confirmed and two advanced notice cVDPV2 positive environmental samples. See country sections below for more details.
Government launches emergency measures to prevent children from lifelong paralysis.
- Featured on www.polioeradication.org: World leaders reaffirm commitment to polio eradication at G7 Summit.
- The Republic of Korea becomes the first donor to support polio outbreak response in the Horn of Africa. cVDPV outbreak in Papua New Guinea. For further information see the country section below.