For farmers everywhere, and especially in the Sahel, innovation is a way of life, as they adapt and change farm practices to increase yields and decrease work inputs. With climate change posing increased risks, community and farm innovations that build climate resilience will help support and enhance the lives of many marginalised people. This paper examines five innovations from the BRACED programme working with vulnerable Sahelian populations, drawing lessons for other resilience-building efforts.
Humans use shortcuts to help make decisions. Sometimes called ‘cognitive biases,’ these shortcuts are essential for making quick decisions such as deciding to swerve to avoid a car accident. However, these automatic judgements can also lead to bad decision-making when intuition is relied on too heavily and defective reasoning is used. This infographic series explains 5 common shortcuts, how they play a role in decision-making related to climate risk management, and strategies to outsmart the tendency to use shortcuts.
By Lena Weingärtner, Alice Caravani and Pablo Suarez
KEY POLICY MESSAGES
Working with rural households to improve their access to met service-generated climate information has highlighted the prevalent use of traditional weather forecasting, which still remains one of the main accessible and trusted sources of weather and climate information in rural communities in Burkina Faso and Ethiopia.
This learning paper examines how the concept of resilience has impacted on the way the BRACED programme in Ethiopia (CIARE) and Burkina Faso (Zaman Lebidi) has been conceived in terms of organisational structure, learning and research and in turn, on how working in consortia and a focus on organisational learning has supported or challenged the task of building resilience.
By Virginie Le Masson
It is imperative for humanitarian and development projects to be sensitive to and respectful of social norms in contexts where they are implemented. Should this systematically be the case however, when cultural practices are harmful and might undermine resilience outcomes? How do aid agencies deal with their objectives to support people affected by crisis without contradicting local values? Can interventions lead to positive impacts without interfering with social and political issues?
Background and purpose
The three-year, £110 million UK Department for International Development (DFID)-funded Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED)1 programme aims to build the resilience of up to 5 million vulnerable people against climate extremes and disasters. It was launched in January 2015 and supports over 120 organisations in 15 consortia across 13 countries in East Africa, the Sahel and Asia.
Could tackling climate change help bring peace to South Sudan?
By Adela Suliman
The world's youngest nation, South Sudan, has been embroiled in war and conflict for years.
The oil-rich nation - which won independence from Sudan in 2011 - descended into civil war in 2013, with tens of thousands of people killed and a third of the population forced to flee their homes.
This study traces the emergence of climate services as a core element of resilience programming and explores how development NGOs are contributing to the climate services system in Burkina Faso. It examines when, and how, the emergence of resilience programming has affected programme activities and practices in the country, using the 2001- 2002 as a baseline for comparison. The study approaches climate services as a value chain, looking systemically at the range of entry points where NGO engagement has had an impact.
The current and expected impacts of climate change are influencing government policies and services as well as donor and NGO activities. The shifts have been influenced by the ‘resilience agenda’ whereby actors seek to reduce vulnerability and strengthen resilience as a means to mitigate climatic challenges. A focus on resilience has required a much more diverse engagement, as the interrelationships between climate, health, poverty and wellbeing are increasingly recognized. This has made programming more complex.
Despite growing support for resilience-building initiatives within the international development community, efforts to measure resilience face a number of critical challenges. Evaluators have difficulties not only in defining resilience but also in choosing the right indicators and finding ways of recognising the many intangible elements that contribute to a household’s resilience (such as power, social networks and norms). New methods and tools are desperately needed to help address some of these shortfalls.
Ce rapport explore les liens entre les violences basées sur le genre (VBG) qui affectent principalement les femmes et les filles, et la résilience des survivant(e) s, de leur foyer et de leur communauté. L’objectif de cette étude vise à explorer deux questions principales :
Comment les violences contre les femmes et les filles impactent-t-elles les processus de changements sociaux nécessaires au développement des capacités de résilience?
This report explores the links between gender-based violence (GBV), and the resilience shown by survivors, their households and the wider community.
The purpose of this study is to explore two main questions:
How does violence against women and girls (VAWG) impact the processes of social change required to build resilience?
How can resilience programmes address VAWG?
This policy brief outlines one aspect of how social protection can support better climate risk management and increase climate resilience by anticipating and dealing with shocks before they happen. It explores linking forecast-based action with social protection programming. This integration aims to make better use of existing systems to protect people before disasters, enabling social protection systems to improve scalability, timeliness, predictability and adequacy of benefits in case of shocks.
Roop Singh, Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre
The 2016–2017 drought across the Horn of Africa has contributed to failed harvests,extensive livestock deaths and food insecurity. Key informant interviews conducted with humanitarian and development actors, donors and forecasters in Ethiopia and Kenya reveal lessons on using forecasts to trigger early action for humanitarian and development practitioners.
ASEAN’s Vision for a Resilient Future
This report examines three examples of crisis modifiers, a set of innovative risk financing options, in the Sahel and examines their use as a potential solution for a more flexible aid system. This could address the gap created by the traditional division between humanitarian aid and long-term development, in which pre-planned development programmes do not have the flexibility to quickly reallocate funding to address spikes in need, and humanitarian organisations are largely confined to funding instruments that prevent longer-term engagement in vulnerability reduction.
This policy brief synthesises consortium learning about the processes and partnerships required to develop climate services which can best support those people whose lives and livelihoods are directly impacted by climate risks. It outlines how a collaborative workshop between Zaman Lebidi and the climate science research project AMMA2050 provided a shared learning experience for both researchers and decision makers, considering how climate information can concretely support local decision-making processes in both urban and rural contexts.
This paper explores different mechanisms for delivering climate finance at the local level. It focuses on the experiences of a national climate fund – the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) facility in Ethiopia – and a sub-national source – the County Climate Change Funds (CCCFs) in Kenya. The paper aims to understand how well these funds take into account the priorities of local communities alongside recognising and incorporating national climate change policies and development plans.