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27 Sep 2017 description

THIJS VAN LAER

“Their priority is not the people of Somalia,” a Somali woman who had recently fled to the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya said about peacekeepers in her home country. “It is the government and themselves.”

03 Feb 2017 description

The Review, which featured collaborations from our researcher Adriana Erthal Abdenur and our research director, Robert Muggah, covers more than one hundred multilateral peace operations active in the previous year including missions fielded by the UN, AU, EU, ECOWAS, OSCE, OAS and coalitions. It uses a broad definition of peace operations that includes multilateral and ad hoc military and police missions, as well as civilian led political missions. Neither type of mission has a simple definition.

24 Nov 2016 description

As the global development landscape continues to evolve, new and emerging actors – countries transitioning from being aid recipients to aid providers – are becoming increasingly visible on the global scene. Although the approaches, interests and resources of emerging donors are far from uniform, their increasing presence in global development – particularly in fragile and conflict-affected settings – could create new ways of thinking about foreign aid and contribute to more horizontal, equitable and efficient practices.

28 Jun 2016 description

The World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) called for a step change in how humanitarian action is conceived, planned, implemented and monitored – and by whom. The United Nations Secretary-General (SG) has set out a clear vision to ‘Change people’s lives: from delivering aid to ending need’ as one of five Core Responsibilities in his Report for the World Humanitarian Summit ‘One Humanity: Shared Responsibility’.

27 May 2016 description

In 1996, the Taliban movement, a majority of who were religious students from Deobandi madrasas (religious schools) in Pakistan and rural Afghanistan, established a short-lived (4 years) Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. On arrival in Kabul, the Taliban barred women from working at public or private institutions and banned girls from schools. The Taliban regime said that the ban was because of the lack of facilities and security.

07 Apr 2016 description

The last two years have seen a surge in peace operations. As the data in this review shows, UN deployments grew by 8.5% in 2013 and 2014 to involve over 100,000 soldiers and police officers. In the same period, NATO drew down its presence in Afghanistan but the number of personnel deployed by other regional organizations – primarily in Africa – leapt by 60%.

07 Apr 2016 description

Emerging powers have a growing importance in UN peacekeeping: Of UN Member States, they contribute a third of the troops and make a similarly sized financial contribution. As permanent members of the Security Council, China and Russia hold a place apart in this group. Of the emerging powers, only China is simultaneously a veto wielding decision-maker in the Council, a growing financial contributor (6th rank), and increasingly among the top ten troop-contributor (9th).

07 Apr 2016 description

Emerging powers have a growing importance in UN peacekeeping: Of UN Member States, they contribute a third of the troops and make a similarly sized financial contribution. As permanent members of the Security Council, China and Russia hold a place apart in this group. Of the emerging powers, only China is simultaneously a veto wielding decision-maker in the Council, a growing financial contributor (6th rank), and increasingly among the top ten troop-contributor (9th).

07 Apr 2016 description

MEMBER STATES THAT PAY FOR UN PEACEKEEPING TEND NOT TO CONTRIBUTE TROOPS. THE APPROVED BUDGET FOR UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS FOR THE 2015-16 FISCAL YEAR IS ABOUT USD $8.27 BILLION. THIS IS LESS THAN HALF OF ONE PER CENT OF WORLD MILITARY EXPENDITURES (ESTIMATED AT $1,747 BILLION IN 2013).

07 Apr 2016 description

I. RÉSUMÉ ET RECOMMANDATIONS

Depuis octobre 2014, les environs de la ville de Beni dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo (RD Congo) ont été le terrain de massacres comptant parmi les pires de l’histoire récente du Congo. Plus de cinq cent personnes ont été tuées et des dizaines de milliers ont fui leurs foyers. La mission de l’ONU et le gouvernement congolais ont déclaré publiquement que les massacres sont l’œuvre des rebelles ougandais des Allied Democratic Forces (ADF).

07 Apr 2016 description

Entre octobre 2014 et décembre 2015 plus de 500 personnes ont été tuées dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo. Nos recherches indiquent que plusieurs réseaux de groupes armés ont été impliqués dans la violence.

07 Apr 2016 description

SINCE OCTOBER 2014, THE REGION AROUND THE TOWN OF BENI IN NORTH EASTERN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DR CONGO) HAS BEEN THE SITE OF SOME OF THE WORST MASSACRES IN THE COUNTRY’S RECENT HISTORY. OVER FIVE HUNDRED PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED AND TENS OF THOUSANDS HAVE FLED THEIR HOMES.

27 Nov 2015 description

Nineteen years after the beginning of the Congo wars, armed conflict still affects millions in the east of the country. This essay by CRG director Jason Stearns and our senior fellow Christoph Vogel accompanies a map of armed groups, compiled by researchers across North and South Kivu, in which we catalogue over seventy groups. This is far from a static picture, and we highlight key shifts that have emerged over the past two years: a decline of regional involvement, a fragmentation of armed groups, and a modest drop in the political manipulation of armed groups.

02 Jun 2015 description

Key Findings 1. The post-2015 agenda will include 17 goals and 169 targets for the period 2016-2030. The proposed goals aim to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development, and environmental protection.

26 Feb 2015 description

Michael von der Schulenburg

On 11 June 2014, the UN Secretary-General, speaking in the UN Security Council, expressed his concerns about what he perceived as unprecedented violence and complexity facing present UN peacekeeping operations around the world. He suggested a thorough review of all UN peace operations was necessary ; this paper is intended to make a contribution to this review.

31 Jul 2014 description

This policy monitoring brief analyzes the process that led to the “Somali New Deal Compact,” the framework’s potential effectiveness as a peacebuilding tool, and potential ways to strengthen it. We find that the New Deal Compact in Somalia appears to have created a paradigm shift in international policy rhetoric around Somali ownership and leadership. However, the process to develop the Compact has also revealed a series of difficult trade-offs (related to process, risk, and implementation) between political and technical imperatives for both Somali and external actors.

12 May 2014 description

There is a broad agreement that the United Nations’ “Peacebuilding Architecture” (PBA) has failed to live up to the high hopes that existed when the 2005 World Summit agreed to establish the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) and its related entities, the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) and the Peacebuilding Fund.

07 May 2014 description

CIC has initiated a project to study external actors’ peacebuilding frameworks in Somalia. The purpose is to ascertain whether and how the international community is applying recent international learning on peacebuilding, and is able to forge coherent and effective approaches to helping countries pursue peaceful political settlements.