The ‘Barn Owls Know No Boundaries’ project brings people from Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority to work together on solving environmental challenges. Nature conservation efforts, such as this one, are beneficial for all communities. More often than not, these benefits go beyond just biodiversity protection. Indeed, they may facilitate constructive dialogue across divides in conflict zones and perhaps even integrate nature conservation into peacebuilding interventions.
Innovation in Peacebuilding: Leveraging Polarities
There are at least two critical tensions in peace-operations: achieving peace and justice and advancing executive and advisory functions in protecting civilians.
Let’s do a mental exercise. Close your eyes, and think of your immediate geographic area – whether you live in a bustling, coastal megalopolis; an idyllic, isolated farm; or the mountaintops or savannas between them.
by Tarcisio Gazzini
The United Nations (UN) Advisory Group of Experts considers the progress made by the Peacebuilding Commission established by the UN in 2005 to be unsatisfactory.
The UN requires a fresh look at the economic dimension of the peacebuilding process in order to reconsider the conceptual framework of the Peacebuilding Commission.
On 10 November 2016, as a side event to the 8th Review Conference of the Biological and Toxin Weapon Convention (BWTC), the GCSP co-organised a panel discussion jointly with VERTIC and the Global Emerging Pathogens Treatment (GET) Consortium with the support of the UK Government and the International Law and Policy Institute (ILPI).
The topic was "Adressing the Biosecurity Governance: Challenges Posed by the Ebola Epidemic". The event was chaired by Dr Lorna Miller (UK Delegation).
•Within a year of its formation, the Islamic State in Iraq and al Shaam (ISIS) has come to represent the primary radical Islamist Salafi group worldwide. Exceeding the reach of the main Al Qaeda franchises (Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, notably), ISIS has in 2013-2014 sought to question and managed to displace the historical Al Qaeda organisation to which it was previously uneasily affiliated..
The circulation of military equipment in areas where security is failing creates conditions for some of this materiel to be diverted to non-state armed groups. This risk becomes more pronounced when countermeasures such as strict record-keeping, stockpile management, discipline and robust incident reporting are not taken seriously.
GCSP Policy Paper 2013/4
Au Mali, l’insécurité sera toujours de mise au moins dans un avenir proche. Des solutions politiques ne peuvent être attendues tant qu’un gouvernement élu ne sera pas au pouvoir à Bamako. Même alors, le succès dans les des négociations relatives au statut du Mali du nord s’avérera être particulièrement problématique.
GCSP Policy Paper 2013/4
•In Mali, insecurity is likely to play out well into the foreseeable future. Political solutions cannot be expected until an elected government takes over in Bamako. Even then, successful negotiations regarding the status of Northern Mali will prove to be particularly problematic.
•Mali is in need of a full-fledged national dialogue and a type of truth and reconciliation commission in order to move past the crimes committed during the occupation and the recapture of the North.
by Benjamin P. Nickels
• The demise of Libya’s Muammar Qaddafi unleashed weapons and warriors into the Sahel, where they mixed with terrorists and rebels who seized Mali’s North by routing its military. This helped spark a coup d’État in March 2012, but it also eventually provoked intervention by a French and African coalition in January 2013 that has reclaimed Northern cities and is now hunting down rebels in remote refuges.
Dr Khalid Koser
While India has long been one of the most important contributors to UN missions, other emerging powers such as China, Brazil, and South Africa have recently become key players of UN peacekeeping operations.
The increasing role of emerging powers in peacekeeping raises the question of the posture they will adopt. Will they buy into the existing rules? Will they significantly shape them? Or will they contest them as they become real stakeholders in the Western-dominated liberal peacekeeping-peacebuilding realm?
• During complex crises, migrants and displaced people do not always fit the categories that form the basis for legal, normative, and institutional responses. As a result it is not always clear what type and level of protection and assistance migrants are entitled to, nor who is responsible for delivering it; and as a consequence some migrants fall into “protection gaps”.
The proliferation of intra-state conflicts in the post-Cold War era has led to a substantial increase in the number of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations, resulting in the creation of forty-eight peacekeeping missions since 1990. The unprecedented challenges faced in the 1990’s – and in particular, the failures in Rwanda, Srebrenica, and Somalia – obliged the UN to revisit and rethink its peacekeeping strategies.
On 12 April 2010, the Geneva Peacebuilding
Platform organised a consultation in the framework of the official Peacebuilding
Commission (PBC) review, with the participation of two review cofacilitators
- H.E. Ms Anne Anderson, Permanent Representative of Ireland to the UN
in New York and H.E. Mr Baso Sangqu, Permanent Representative of South
Africa to the UN in New York.