Over sixty people killed, thousands of houses burned down and more than 100,000 displaced people, including 42,000 refugees in neighbouring Uganda. Those are the consequences so far of the violence in the north-eastern Ituri province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since December 2017.
The month was marked by major clashes between a new Mai-Mai coalition and the national army (FARDC) in South Kivu, as well as by a rise in attacks by the ADF and their allies in the northern edge of North Kivu. In general, major FARDC operations have been largely suspended ; it is armed groups that have taken the initiative, by attacking the FARDC or by fighting among each other.
The mesh off conflicts in the eastern Congo has witnessed a slow deterioration over the past year. Internal displacement has continued apace, reaching 4,1 million people, more than in Syria and one of the highest levels ever recorded since the beginning of the various Congolese conflicts in 1993, with 550,000 displaced in the past three months alone. At the same time, armed groups have continued to splinter and proliferate. While none of that sounds novel to observers of the eastern Congo, a couple of new trends have emerged since our last mapping in 2015.
I. RÉSUMÉ ET RECOMMANDATIONS
Depuis octobre 2014, les environs de la ville de Beni dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo (RD Congo) ont été le terrain de massacres comptant parmi les pires de l’histoire récente du Congo. Plus de cinq cent personnes ont été tuées et des dizaines de milliers ont fui leurs foyers. La mission de l’ONU et le gouvernement congolais ont déclaré publiquement que les massacres sont l’œuvre des rebelles ougandais des Allied Democratic Forces (ADF).