January 15, 2018. A new factsheet by Gisha – 2017: Tightening of the Closure, provides a round-up of measures imposed by Israel in 2017 further limiting movement of people to and from Gaza via Erez Crossing. The list includes new or intensified measures, introduced with little to no justification provided as to their purpose and, it appears, no consideration of the impact they would have on the lives of Gaza’s residents.
November 1, 2017. Important steps were taken today in Gaza, marking the commencement of the implementation of the Palestinian reconciliation agreement. With exclusive control of Gaza’s crossings on the Palestinian side being passed to the Palestinian Authority, many of the excuses long used to justify the violation of Gaza residents’ right to freedom of movement are being emptied of their content, which may bring new hope for progress.
October 26, 2017. Power supply lines from Egypt to Gaza have been shut down since Friday due to security incidents in the Sinai Peninsula, leading to a further reduction in Gaza’s already severely limited supply of electricity.
EXIT OF GOODS
￼Since November 2014, Israel has allowed limited sale of Gaza-grown and produced goods in the West Bank. Since March 2015, Israel has also allowed an even smaller number of products from Gaza to be sold in Israel. From 2007-2014, only export abroad had been permitted. The monthly average number of truckloads of goods exiting Gaza to all destinations in the first half of 2017 was about 25 percent of the monthly average in 2007, before the closure was imposed.
August 17, 2017. Rafah Crossing, between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, was opened yesterday for travel in both directions. About 30,000 people who meet Egypt’s criteria for exiting Gaza are currently on the waiting list for travel. The notice issued by the Palestinian Crossings Authority indicates that the crossing is expected to remain open for only two days. Earlier this week, the crossing was opened to allow Gaza residents on pilgrimage to Mecca to travel through Egypt to Saudi Arabia. Some 3,000 individuals were expected to cross through Rafah for this purpose.
August 8, 2017. Today, five months have passed since the last time Rafah Crossing was opened to people exiting from the Gaza Strip. This is the longest stretch of time during which the crossing was consecutively closed since 2007.
By: Julie Webb-Pullman
The bowing of Israeli occupation authorities to the request of the Palestinian Authority to further reduce energy supplies does not exonerate them.
July 9, 2017. The electricity crisis in the Gaza Strip has reached a dangerous all-time-low: On top of reductions to the volume of electricity sold and provided to Gaza by Israel, the supply lines from Egypt are out of commission following violent clashes in the Rafah area. Entrance of fuel from Egypt, intended for Gaza’s power plant, has stopped.
July 4, 2017. Unemployment in the Gaza Strip rose by about half a percent during the first quarter of 2017, reaching 41.1%. The unemployment rate in the final quarter of 2016 was 40.6%. Gaza’s unemployment has been higher than 40% since early 2014.
On Tuesday (June 27), Israel announced it would reduce the fishing zone in southern Gaza back to six nautical miles off the coast. The fishing zone was temporarily expanded to nine nautical miles on May 3. The expansion only applied to the area south of Wadi Gaza. To the north of this area, fishing was only permitted up to a distance of six nautical miles, throughout.
June 14, 2017. At the initiative of Gisha, a coalition of 16 civil society organizations sent an urgent letter yesterday to the attorney general, demanding that he advise the Cabinet to immediately rescind its decision to reduce the electricity supply sold and provided by Israel to the Gaza Strip.
Exit of goods
Since November 2014, Israel has allowed limited sale of Gaza-grown and produced goods in the West Bank. Since March 2015, Israel has also allowed an even smaller number of products from Gaza to be sold in Israel. From 2007-2014, only export abroad had been permitted. The monthly average number of truckloads of goods exiting Gaza to all destinations in 2016 was about 17 percent of the monthly average in 2007, before the closure was imposed.
April 19, 2017. Gaza’s sole power plant shut down on Saturday night and has not renewed operations since. Funds donated by Qatar and Turkey, which allowed fuel supplies to be purchased from Israel for the plant, have been exhausted. Gaza’s Energy Authority announced that it will not purchase additional supply until the Palestinian Authority grants it full exemption from excise taxes on fuel.
April 9, 2017. The Hamas-controlled checkpoint known as 4-4 has been reopened to all permit-holders. Movement through the checkpoint has been restricted for two weeks, further hindering residents of Gaza, whose movement is already severely limited under the closure imposed by Israel. According to the Ministry of Interior in Gaza, the travel restrictions were removed last Thursday (April 6) afternoon; the prohibition against fishermen going out to sea has been lifted as well.
April 2, 2017. The Hamas-controlled checkpoint known as 4-4, en route to Erez Crossing in Gaza, remains almost completely closed to movement out of Gaza. Movement through the checkpoint has been restricted in this way since Sunday, March 26.
March 2, 2017. Gisha spokesperson, Shai Grunberg, appeared on “London et Kirshenbaum” on Israeli television Channel 10, and spoke about the results of a public opinion poll Gisha had conducted among the Israeli public..
Exit of goods
Since November 2014, Israel has allowed limited sale of Gaza-grown and produced goods in the West Bank. Since March 2015, Israel has also allowed an even smaller number of products form Gaza to be sold in Israel. From 2007-2014, only export abroad had been permitted. The monthly average number of truckloads of goods departing Gaza to all destinations in 2016 was about 17% of the monthly average in 2007, before the closure was imposed.
February 23, 2017. The number of exits of Palestinians through Erez Crossing in January 2017 has decreased by 44% compared to January 2016. A total of 8,669 exits were recorded at Erez in January, more than half of them by merchants (4,419 exits). Only a tiny percentage of Gaza’s residents are permitted to travel through Erez Crossing, Gaza’s main gateway to the rest of the world, to begin with. This small gateway is now getting narrower still..
January 23, 2017. Early on the morning of January 23, civilian planes hired by the Israeli air force, sprayed herbicides near the fence that separates the Strip from Israel, in proximity to Palestinian farmland in northern and central Gaza. The area is currently being inspected to determine the extent of the damage caused to crops.