Tuesday, May 23, 2018. Last weekend, Egypt announced that Rafah Crossing would remain open for the duration of the month of Ramadan. The crossing has been open for travel to and from Gaza since May 12, with 4,388 exits from Gaza and 527 entries over the course of the first ten days (May 12 to 21). An additional 622 people seeking to exit Gaza were denied passage for various reasons and turned back by the Egyptian crossing authorities.
What precipitated the current wave of protests in Gaza?
May 3, 2018. To promote a better understanding of the situation in Gaza, one that goes beyond the provocative, but reductive explanations making headlines in recent weeks, we have compiled key elements of Gisha’s research and professional analysis so as to provide answers to some frequently asked questions about the Gaza Strip.
To read our FAQ, see here
April 15, 2018. Rafah Crossing, between Egypt and the Gaza Strip, closed last night after being open for three days for movement of people in both directions. During this time, 2,593 people exited Gaza to Egypt, and 441 entered the Strip. Egyptian authorities denied exit of 213 Palestinians from Gaza, without explanation. Since the beginning of 2018, Rafah Crossing has only been open for travel out of Gaza on eight days, during which a total of 5,490 people left the Strip; entrance was allowed on 13 days, during which a total of 2,645 people entered Gaza from Egypt.
April 12, 2018. The fatal shooting of protestors near the fence separating Israel and the Gaza Strip over the last few weeks has rightfully elicited harsh reactions from around the globe. Israeli politicians and officials meanwhile depict recent events as a sudden threat on Israel’s borders, initiated by Hamas.
March 27, 2018. Operations at Erez Crossing to Israel and Rafah Crossing to Egypt were disrupted over the course of last week, further limiting movement to and from Gaza, which is severely restricted to begin with.
February 2018. A new report by Gisha presents analysis of ten central judgments concerning the rights of Gaza residents handed down by the Israeli court system in the decade since Israel tightened its closure on the Strip.
In the ten years that have passed since Israel tightened its closure on the Gaza Strip, Israeli courts have heard hundreds of petitions filed by Gaza residents and human rights organizations.
January 15, 2018. A new factsheet by Gisha – 2017: Tightening of the Closure, provides a round-up of measures imposed by Israel in 2017 further limiting movement of people to and from Gaza via Erez Crossing. The list includes new or intensified measures, introduced with little to no justification provided as to their purpose and, it appears, no consideration of the impact they would have on the lives of Gaza’s residents.
November 1, 2017. Important steps were taken today in Gaza, marking the commencement of the implementation of the Palestinian reconciliation agreement. With exclusive control of Gaza’s crossings on the Palestinian side being passed to the Palestinian Authority, many of the excuses long used to justify the violation of Gaza residents’ right to freedom of movement are being emptied of their content, which may bring new hope for progress.
October 26, 2017. Power supply lines from Egypt to Gaza have been shut down since Friday due to security incidents in the Sinai Peninsula, leading to a further reduction in Gaza’s already severely limited supply of electricity.
EXIT OF GOODS
￼Since November 2014, Israel has allowed limited sale of Gaza-grown and produced goods in the West Bank. Since March 2015, Israel has also allowed an even smaller number of products from Gaza to be sold in Israel. From 2007-2014, only export abroad had been permitted. The monthly average number of truckloads of goods exiting Gaza to all destinations in the first half of 2017 was about 25 percent of the monthly average in 2007, before the closure was imposed.
August 17, 2017. Rafah Crossing, between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, was opened yesterday for travel in both directions. About 30,000 people who meet Egypt’s criteria for exiting Gaza are currently on the waiting list for travel. The notice issued by the Palestinian Crossings Authority indicates that the crossing is expected to remain open for only two days. Earlier this week, the crossing was opened to allow Gaza residents on pilgrimage to Mecca to travel through Egypt to Saudi Arabia. Some 3,000 individuals were expected to cross through Rafah for this purpose.
August 8, 2017. Today, five months have passed since the last time Rafah Crossing was opened to people exiting from the Gaza Strip. This is the longest stretch of time during which the crossing was consecutively closed since 2007.
By: Julie Webb-Pullman
The bowing of Israeli occupation authorities to the request of the Palestinian Authority to further reduce energy supplies does not exonerate them.
July 9, 2017. The electricity crisis in the Gaza Strip has reached a dangerous all-time-low: On top of reductions to the volume of electricity sold and provided to Gaza by Israel, the supply lines from Egypt are out of commission following violent clashes in the Rafah area. Entrance of fuel from Egypt, intended for Gaza’s power plant, has stopped.
July 4, 2017. Unemployment in the Gaza Strip rose by about half a percent during the first quarter of 2017, reaching 41.1%. The unemployment rate in the final quarter of 2016 was 40.6%. Gaza’s unemployment has been higher than 40% since early 2014.
On Tuesday (June 27), Israel announced it would reduce the fishing zone in southern Gaza back to six nautical miles off the coast. The fishing zone was temporarily expanded to nine nautical miles on May 3. The expansion only applied to the area south of Wadi Gaza. To the north of this area, fishing was only permitted up to a distance of six nautical miles, throughout.
June 14, 2017. At the initiative of Gisha, a coalition of 16 civil society organizations sent an urgent letter yesterday to the attorney general, demanding that he advise the Cabinet to immediately rescind its decision to reduce the electricity supply sold and provided by Israel to the Gaza Strip.
Exit of goods
Since November 2014, Israel has allowed limited sale of Gaza-grown and produced goods in the West Bank. Since March 2015, Israel has also allowed an even smaller number of products from Gaza to be sold in Israel. From 2007-2014, only export abroad had been permitted. The monthly average number of truckloads of goods exiting Gaza to all destinations in 2016 was about 17 percent of the monthly average in 2007, before the closure was imposed.
April 19, 2017. Gaza’s sole power plant shut down on Saturday night and has not renewed operations since. Funds donated by Qatar and Turkey, which allowed fuel supplies to be purchased from Israel for the plant, have been exhausted. Gaza’s Energy Authority announced that it will not purchase additional supply until the Palestinian Authority grants it full exemption from excise taxes on fuel.