BRAC has been implementing a holistic, multi-sector response since the influx began in August 2017, in close coordination with the government and other partners through the Inter Sector Coordination Group. We have been working in Cox’s Bazar for the last 35 years, including specifically with the Rohingya population from previous influxes, and are pursuing an adaptive, phase-wise strategy that sequences our interventions to provide integrated services to everyone affected by the crisis.
Endorsed by: Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA); AVSI; BRAC; CARE; Danish Refugee Council (DRC); Finn Church Aid (FCA); Food for the Hungry; Humanity & Inclusion; Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC); Oxfam; Plan; Save the Children; VSO; War Child Holland; Windle International Uganda; World Vision; ZOA
The launch of Uganda's new Education Response Plan for Refugees and Host Communities (ERP) is an opportunity to ensure a better future for hundreds of thousands of children.
Ongoing international dialogues and actions to support the forcibly displaced Myanmar nationals sheltered in Bangladesh need to be stronger to ensure a safe and meaningful future for the more than 500,000 children from this community. The call was raised at a program organised by BRAC, one of the leading on-ground responders, at BRAC Centre Auditorium in Dhaka this morning, marking one-year since the influx began. BRAC senior officials shared experiences and learnings with journalists from the last 12 months of humanitarian interventions.
No significant rain occurred in reporting period. Recent dry weather has allowed for increased work on shelter upgrading and relocation in the camps. People living in areas at high risk of landslides are being relocated to safer grounds.
Shelter upgrades continue in the camps and settlements, with 212,360 households supported with extra tarps, rope, bamboo and wire, and 160,637 households supported with tie-down kits to strengthen existing shelters.
One year passed since the beginning of the exodus of an estimated 706,000 Rohingya refugees from Rakhine State, Myanmar to Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh following what the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights called a “textbook example” of ethnic cleansing. The newly arrived Rohingya in Cox’s Bazar have joined hundreds of thousands who were part of previous waves of displacement from Myanmar.
Eindhoven, the Netherlands – Signify (Euronext: LIGHT), the world leader in lighting, and BRAC, one of the world’s leading non-governmental organizations, are distributing Philips LifeLight solar lanterns to more than 46,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh. The solar lanterns will significantly improve the living conditions in the refugees’ makeshift shelters and especially improve the safety and security of women and children at night. So far, they have distributed solar lanterns for 22,495 Rohingya families, reaching 132,720 individuals, of which 66,360 are children.
One child has already died as a result of heavy rains, and thirty more people have been injured. Intense rain is expected to continue over the next few months.
Piloting of mid-term shelters for flat and sloped terrain was successful, designs submitted so far have been approved by the Government and are being implemented on the ground. Progress has been slow due to rainfall, and is expected to remain at a similar speed in light of anticipated heavy rainfall.
The 30-year average for total rainfall in Cox’s Bazar in July stands at 931mm. As of 10 July, Cox’s Bazar has seen 222mm of rain. The forecast for this week includes approximately 30mm of rain per day and wind speeds of below 35 kilometres/hour.
The United Nations Secretary General and the President of the World Bank visiting Cox’s Bazar last week, as well as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the Executive Director of UNFPA, marked significant progress for the humanitarian and development nexus in the response. The World Bank’s announcement of a USD 50 million grant to a health project—the first in a series that could total as much as USD 480 million—invited new mechanisms for financing and coordination.
The relocation of those identified to be in the riskiest areas for flooding or landslides is the highest priority.
Shelters are being assembled to be used on an emergency basis in the new built extension area. 200 people have been recruited through cash for work programmes to build 500 prefabricated, flatpack shelters in 21 days.
The camps and settlements have been spared so far from the heavy rainfall which had been predicted for the region. Organisations have had more time to take measures to reduce the potential risk from disasters. Incident reporting systems have been strengthened and community structures in risky areas are being decommissioned.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare activated a week-long second round of oral cholera vaccinations from 6-13 May, aiming to prevent any outbreaks during monsoon season. The campaign is part of the ongoing efforts of the government and the health sector partners to protect nearly a million people, including at least 135,000 members of the host community.
Since 25th August 2017, Bangladesh has welcomed over 693,000 forcibly-displaced Rohingyas1 from Myanmar who require immediate, ongoing humanitarian services to address their basic needs. The concentration of displaced people in Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh is now among the densest in the world. Taking into account the pre-existing Rohingya population in the area, and affected members of the host community, roughly 1.3 million people are in need of comprehensive services and support.
One hour of rainfall during a mild storm on the first of May damaged over one hundred shelters and created large pools of stagnant water throughout the camps.
Weather warnings from Bangladesh Meteorological Department and the University of Columbia predict increased rainfall for Friday May 4. Storms have been continually battering the rest of the country for the last fortnight.
Three districts, Bandarban, Rangamati and Khagrachhari, are in considerable risk of malaria despite much has been achieved in checking the menace of the mosquito-borne disease. According to the National Malaria Elimination Programme (NECP), currently 93 per cent of the country's 29 thousand and 247 malaria patients are from these three districts. The major reasons for these districts to have most malaria patients are their hilly frontiers, profuse rain, large forest area, inadequacies in healthcare system and problems faced while reaching treatment and other healthcare services.
The influx of over 600,000 Rohingya Refugees into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, caused by targeted violence and human rights violations in Rhakine State of Myanmar, has unfolded rapidly and is defined by the complexity of needs. This requires not only immediate solution for a safe and protective learning environment, but also a guarantee for better and diverse solutions to address the learning needs of children, adolescents and young adults.