This paper will review the evolution of
integrated and 3D approaches and seek to highlight the different responses
to such approaches shown by classic humanitarian organizations and multi-mandate
development organizations. By providing an overview of past forcible humanitarian
interventions and with a particular focus on Afghanistan, we will trace
the practical and ethical challenges faced by aid agencies attempting to
maintain programming in such contexts.
This report provides a detailed examination
of the dynamics and challenges of current field coordination efforts between
multiple assistance actors in Afghanistan and Liberia. The report includes
an overview of the coordination challenges in international peace missions,
case studies of interagency and civil-military coordination in the two
countries, and an examination of the diverse organizational perspectives
on coordination of major assistance actors.