This report begins to address social cohesion and community based protection by investigating to what extent current mechanisms, including education and natural resources, impacts social cohesion at the community level.
Authors: Hany Besada, Wendy Wheaton, Ben O’Bright and Evren Tok
Security sector reform (SSR) is a key element in the state-building process. SSR traditionally focuses on re-equipping and re-training security sector institutions, changing policies and practices, and creating oversight mechanisms in contexts emerging from conflict or oppressive regimes. Little focus is placed on changing the culture within the security sector in favour of inclusivity and rights for women and minorities. Moreover, little attention is paid to what internal actors can do to ensure that this type of progress occurs.
Scant attention has been paid to how those working within public security organizations, including police services, can create a more inclusive culture. An issue of concern to every society, an inclusive culture is especially critical where conflict or oppression has tainted citizens’ views and reduced police credibility. As security sector institutions work to better reflect the diversity of the populations they serve, women and minority groups may be discriminated against by existing staff and institutional culture.
On July 9, 2011 South Sudan became Africa’s youngest nation. On July 14, the UN General Assembly unanimously voted to admit South Sudan as the 193rd member of the community of nations. Independence followed a referendum where Southern voters opted overwhelmingly for secession from Khartoum. This paper looks at the partition of Africa’s largest country, the challenges facing South Sudan, the unresolved conflicts in Darfur and along the North-South border, and some of the constraints on international efforts to promote peace and stability in the two Sudans.
This policy brief explores challenges to building a peaceful society in South Sudan through education.
It examines existing efforts, identifies opportunities and makes recommendations for how to improve peace, civic and citizenship education in South Sudan.
As South Sudan consolidates its independence, this policy brief analyzes the challenges facing the South Sudan Police Service’s ongoing reform efforts.
This policy brief explores how the South Sudanese diaspora could be mobilized to support strengthening health care delivery in South Sudan.
It outlines opportunities, identifies challenges, and makes recommendations for how to benefit from engaging with the diaspora.
This policy brief outlines the ways that civil society organizations are currently involved in the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding and the value that they could add to making the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States a success.
Security sector reform has been criticized for excluding local populations and context.
This policy brief, a part of NSI’s mySecurity project, identifies four areas where greater attention to the local is needed. Emphasizing the need to improve current and future approaches to SSR, it offers recommendations for how to create and sustain security.
Edited by Jennifer Erin Salahub
African Women on the Thin Blue Line explores how women in civil society and their female counterparts in the police are experiencing police reform processes in two conflict-affected African contexts: Liberia and Southern Sudan. It highlights the challenges of fully integrating a gender perspective into police reform as well as the many opportunities and strengths of such an approach. Two case-study chapters focus on the perspectives of Liberian and Southern Sudanese women themselves based on interviews and focus group discussions.
Officials, activists and scholars have been preoccupied by state fragility at least since the collapse of the Somali state in the early 1990s, yet it is the events of September 11, 2001 that catapulted these concerns to the top of international policy agendas. Since then state fragility has been the focus of policy development in the OECD and the World Bank.
Several northern governments have also issued policy statements on the subject.