by Diana Quick
A shared statement by peacebuilding organizations
International Day of Peace, 21 September 2018
Talk to a fisherman anywhere in the world and it won’t be long before you’ll hear the tales: the first catch, the one that got away, the really big one. On the Tonlé Sap Lake, the largest body of freshwater in Southeast Asia, the fish stories are divided into then and now.
While violence and violent conflict are increasing worldwide and violence containment costs the global economy $14.3 trillion per year, according to the Institute for Economics and Peace, less than 10 percent of global official development assistance (ODA) is spent on the characteristics that can prevent violence in the first place, including countering humanitarian suffering, mass violence and atrocities, and chronic underdevelopment.
Inaction Will Enable Further Abuse of Vulnerable Rohingya
(New York) – The United Nations Security Council should take prompt, concerted, and effective international action to respond to Myanmar’s Rohingya crisis, Human Rights Watch and 80 other nongovernmental organizations said today in a joint appeal to the council.
Protection Strategy Gaining Momentum Worldwide
The Rise of Commercial Satellite Imagery
Healing Colombia’s War-Ravaged Landscape
Marshallese Diplomats Inspired Courage, Strength In Citizenry
International Women Authors Series Turns 10
Greater Than the Tread of Mighty Armies
Unarmed Civilian Protection Gaining Momentum Worldwide
By Mel Duncan, director of advocacy and outreach, Nonviolent Peaceforce
By Cullen Hendrix
Research on the direct links between demographic-environmental stressors and mass atrocities is nascent. This leaves policymakers without a coherent conceptual model of how issues such as land, water, and food scarcity, or feared shortages, might catalyze mass killings.
Beginning on April 26, 2015, the small central African nation of Burundi was plunged into its most profound political crisis since the end of a civil war in 2005 that left more than 300,000 dead. The turmoil was sparked by a political announcement from President Pierre Nkurunziza that he would run for a third term in office, a bid many civilians and oppositionists understood as unconstitutional.
Developing a Global Mechanism for Atrocity Forecasting and Prevention
Improve Early Warning and Assess the Efficacy of Early Action
• Researchers should continue to improve early warning to identify countries most at risk of atrocities, strengthen real-time monitoring, and account for nonstate perpetrators of atrocities.
• Governments, multilateral organizations, and civil society should assess and evaluate interventions to enhance understanding of successful approaches to atrocity prevention.
The United Nations member states adopted the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in 2005 to recognize and guide local and global responsibility for protecting individuals from atrocity crimes—namely genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and ethnic cleansing. Five years later, in 2010, the Stanley Foundation convened a meeting of UN officials, permanent representatives to the United Nations, and human protection experts at Tarrytown, New York, to assess progress to date and discuss the future implementation of R2P.
Among the three Pillars of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), agreed to by the world’s nations at the 2005 World Summit, Pillar 3A encompasses the diplomatic, humanitarian, and other peaceful means available to the international community to protect populations from atrocity crimes. The third pillar carries enormous potential for making prevention a reality.
The relationship between economic factors and violent conflict, specifically mass atrocities, is both compelling and complex. However, these issues have received relatively little attention in the development of mass atrocity prevention and response strategy. If economic factors are central to understanding the forces driving mass atrocities, they must feature more prominently in efforts to prevent and respond to atrocity violence.
Mark P. Lagon and Ryan Kaminski
Policy Analysis Brief
The rule of law and capable governance institutions are both a bulwark against atrocities and a life preserver to an overstrained global human rights and humanitarian system, including the beleaguered Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle.
Since the global endorsement of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in the 2005 World Summit outcome document, work has gone forward to implement and advance R2P. The UN General Assembly has held five informal, interactive dialogues on it. Each has been preceded by a report from the UN secretary-general on specific themes of R2P. These reports and dialogues have played a significant role in both advancing greater international consensus on R2P and in describing concrete steps for implementation of all facets of R2P.
The spotlight on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle has often centered around the possibility of intervention, but attention must be refocused onto preventive measures that countries can take to stop crimes against humanity.
At its 54th annual Strategy for Peace Conference, the Stanley Foundation brought together officials, mass atrocity prevention specialists, and civil society representatives to explore mechanisms that states could incorporate into national policies to mitigate mass atrocities.
Most proposals for preventing mass atrocities and genocide in conflict-affected states tend to focus on externally generated diplomatic, economic, or military interventions. For earlier and more durable long-term prevention, attention needs to be given to internal measures that can make political systems more responsive to diverse constituencies.
A state’s capacity to protect its population extends beyond its capability to ensure immediate security against external threats.
Fulfilling a state’s commitment to protect requires investing in legitimate state institutions that are independent of the motives and interests of any particular actor, constituency, or regime, as well as encouraging wider social resilience to counter threats originating from state and nonstate actors.
February 1, 2012
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) has evolved steadily since its first articulation by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty in 2001 and its political adoption at the 2005 World Summit. Recent global events—both ongoing and unanticipated—have drawn mass atrocity threats into even sharper focus, mobilized novel approaches, and raised important questions about how political commitment should be translated into concrete policies that prevent and halt atrocity violence.