DEC publishes review of member agency assurance mechanisms
The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) has published today an independent report which shows how its member agencies provide assurance that they are following agreed ways of working when they respond to emergencies.
In probably the most emblematic incident of its kind with regard to the work of the ICC so far the African Union Assembly decided in a resolution in early July 2009 that African Union member states should not implement the arrest warrant issued by the International Criminal Court (ICC) following the formal indictment of Sudanese President Hassan Al Bashir in March 2009. Underlying this decision, which since then many African countries in fact disowned, were a range of arguments of lack of accountability of both the ICC and the UN Security Council.
This report explores the environment of human rights standards from which the R2P has in part emerged, and which are necessary to understand its potential of development. It assesses opportunities and obstacles to the broadening of its scope, including to situations such as gross and systematic violations of economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR). To do this the text first analyses the nature and role played by standards of due diligence in widening the level of responsibilities of the state to respect, protect and fulfil human rights.
This briefing seeks to explore the particular challenge associated with realising the Responsibility to Protect in Regional Peacekeeping, especially if conducted under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter. It concludes that while Chapter VIII of the UN Charter enables collaborative task sharing between global and regional organisations, and the UN encourages coordination, there are only few appropriate governance arrangements in place that ensure the accountability and effectiveness of regionally led responses to conflict.
Over the past 15 years global bodies have
increasingly been called upon to intervene in situations of armed conflict:
mediating, enforcing and keeping the peace, and stabilizing and rebuilding
countries after periods of war. Arguably it is the recourse to multilateral
involvement that has led to a significant drop in overall civilian deaths
in war situations. However, the increasing number of missions undertaken
by the UN in response to armed conflict translates into a continuous and
significant increase in demand on the UN as a whole.