This framework document aims to introduce a proactive approach to assess adaptation needs and encourage timely adaptation. The idea behind this approach is that if an assessment shows that specific policies and practices of stakeholders are at risk of failure due to climate change, corrections are encouraged and losses or damages can be prevented. The approach focuses on identifying whether and when the performance of policies, management, and social-cultural practices drops below a decisive level due to climate change, and adaptation is required.
Mandira Singh Shrestha and Ujol Sherchan
What happens when flood early warning is communicated from district level to vulnerable communities, the end users of that information?
At least four communities across the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) are better prepared to fight floods this year. Floods and flash floods in the Hindu Kush Himalaya cause considerable loss of lives and property in downstream communities, particularly during the monsoon. To address such flood risks and to enhance the resilience of vulnerable communities, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and its partner organizations have set up community-based flood early warning systems (CBFEWS).
At the onset of the 2018 monsoon, a community in Shrikhandi Bhittamore in Bihar, India, raised funds to repair a community-based flood early warning system (CBFEWS) that had been damaged along the Ratu River near the Nepal–India border. The funds were raised by Yuganter, a local NGO, and community representatives led by the Mukhiya of Shrikhandi, Purnima Mishra. The system was repaired by International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and Sustainable Eco Engineering (SEE), in partnership with Yuganter.
This short report presents a selection of the key findings, achievements and lessons learned from the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) over the period 2012– 2017. A more comprehensive overview of all of HICAP’s work is provided in the annual programme reports. This summary report focuses on selected HICAP approaches to science, action research, pilot activities, and communications and outreach. In doing so, we aim to highlight:
Building on collaborations on disaster management in Gilgit Baltistan in 2017, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Gilgit Baltistan Disaster Management Authority (GB-DMA), and the Aga Khan Agency for Habitat (AKAH) have reinforced their commitment to improve disaster risk management in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan, by joining hands to develop the Disaster Risk Management Plan of Gilgit Baltistan.
ICIMOD has prepared flood inundation maps in view of the floods and landslides that this year’s monsoon has triggered in Bangladesh. The maps have been prepared using Advanced Land Observing Satellite 2/ Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (ALOS-2/PALSAR) and Sentinel-1 satellite images made available by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the European Space Agency (ESA).
The water resources and freshwater ecosystems in the transboundary river basins of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) are a source of survival and other livelihoods opportunities for people. Though the region is known for a physical abundance of water, the reality is that most communities in the basin still live in a state of water poverty. They face serious challenges of water scarcity and water-induced disasters caused by both climatic factors and human impacts.
As climate change impacts are increasing the likelihood of natural disasters, such as floods and landslides, having a thorough disaster risk management plan is become more important for communities throughout the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH). The government of Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan has recognized the efforts of the Indus Basin Initiative of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and consortium partners to establish more resilient mountain villages through partnership with the Gilgit Baltistan Disaster Management Authority (GB-DMA).
The United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) recently launched a new online Food Security Information System to map and visualize patterns of food security, poverty and malnutrition in Nepal. This latest online system includes easy-to-read data regarding regular food security indicators, monthly food market prices, and interactive graphics that indicate levels of food security to the sub-district level.
Monsoon season in South Asia has become a mixed blessing of late as heavy rains are needed for crop production, but also trigger floods and landslides that often negate the gains made through agriculture. August 2017 proved to be an especially challenging month as rain, floods, and landslides incited considerable havoc in many South Asian communities.
The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) organized a day-long consultation and user engagement workshop on collaborative development of agricultural drought monitoring services in Bangladesh on 17 August 2017. The event took place at the BARC campus in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
The flood has receded but impact is still visible all over the places. Most of the damages are evident along the streams. Pre-image (inset) reveals some of the settlements were on flood prone low lying terraces. The impact as seen in the image are damage to houses and cultivation field. The are no evidence of case of large water logging in this scene.
This map presents water bodies mapped using SAR image of three different dates: pre-, during-, and post-event phases.
The statistics of area of water bodies indicate receding flooding situation. This fact is also visually discernable. The area of the water bodies is clearly highest on 11 August during the flooding.
The flooding is receeding by days but water logged areas are areas of concern from the point of disease outbreak
This map presents water bodies mapped using SAR Image of three different dates: pre-, during-, and post-event phases. The statistics of area of water bodies indicate receding flooding situation. This fact is also visually discernible. The area of the water bodies is clearly highest on 11 August during the flooding.
The flooding is receding by days but water areas are areas of concern from the point of disease outbreak.
Since 11 of August 2017 there has been incident rainfall causing widespread flooding across the region. including Nepal and India. While the flood water has receded since the peak flow, there are many pockets where trapped flood water still remains (blue polygons}.
Since 11 August 2017 Nepal has been facing flooding resulting in loss of lives and properties. The inundation map derived from satellite data shows that river water and flood water spread across the low land.
Since 11 of Agust 2017 there has been incicent rainfall causing widespread flooding across the region, including Nepal and India. While the flood water has receded since the peak flow, there are many pockets where trapped flood water still remains (blue polygons).
Although flood Walter is seen to have receded, there are still some pockets of Walter bodies in the Me.l. The Biratnagar airport which was inundated by flood water during the peak flooding event. As per news media (https://thehimalay.lntimes.oom) the airport might resume service by 19 August 20 17. The image indicates that some of the stretches of the road was under water tilI yesterday.
General observation from the Satellite image is that flood water is receding.