During the month of December, 2018 Light to moderate rainfall events were reported across Pakistan. Highest accumulated monthly rainfall was recorded at Islamabad = 43mm, Rawilakot = 43mm, Bantle Abbaspur (Poonch River) = 42mm, Hajira (Poonch River) = 40mm, Panjera (Poonch River) = 34mm, Haraman (Neelum River) = 33mm, = 32mm, Brarkot (Kunhar River) = 30mm, Chattar Kalas (Jhelum River) = 28mm, Balakot = 28mm, MuLaffarabad = 27mm, Carhi Dupatta = 27mm, Dir = 26mm and Pattan - 25mm.
December was practically dry across drought prone areas of Sindh and Balochistan.
The National Humanitarian Network (NHN) of Pakistan presents the first issue of this humanitarian journal to capture perspectives in disaster preparedness and response. Focusing on the theme of governance in preparedness, the bi-annual ‘Humanitarian Resilience Journal’ covers many issues in Pakistan, including:
Institutional and legal readiness to deal with disasters:
The need for a strategic vision and the role of donors in Pakistan's preparedness
Risk assessments and safer land-use planning
**1. Drought situation **
Below normal rainfall was recorded over most of the southern parts of the country as predicted by PMD. Major rainfall deficit was experienced over the provinces of Sindh (-71.9%), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (-46.9%) and Balochistan (-44.2%) during June to November, 2018. The area weighted rainfall departure (%) detail is as under table-1;
Critically important to ensure every child gets two drops of the polio vaccine during the campaign
Islamabad, 9 December 2018 – Closest ever to its goal of stopping Polio virus circulation, Pakistan starts the last nationwide door to door Polio vaccination campaign of the year from 10th December. During these days, over 270,000 frontline workers will go door to door to ensure 38.7 million children aged 0 – 5 years receive polio vaccines that will protect them against the poliovirus.
Critically important to ensure every child gets two drops of the polio vaccine during December campaign: National Emergency Operations Centre (EOC)
During October, the Polio Eradication Programme utilized its existing infrastructure to support a nationwide measles campaign led by Pakistan's Expanded Programme on Immunization (EP!). This support was provided to prevent further measles outbreaks in country and provide communities with a much-needed and highly demanded health service. In all, up to 37 million children were reached during this mass vaccination effort.
a. Drought has greater impact, as compared to other major disasters as the later are mostly of short duration and geographically limited, while drought, by contrast, affects large geographical areas for considerable period of time. The frequency and severity of drought have increased in our country in recent years due to a combination of increasing temperatures, increasing events of El Nino and a reduction in the number of rainy days. A significant increase in the frequency of heat waves, an indicator of forthcoming drought, has been reported.
New US$ 4.6 million Japanese grant to procure Oral Polio Vaccine
Islamabad, 19 November 2018: The Government of Japan has announced to provide 510 million Japanese Yen in grant aid to support the supply of the essential polio vaccine for the campaigns during the 2018/19 low transmission season of the poliovirus.
The notes of the grant were signed and exchanged today between the Government of Japan, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
Islamabad, 31 October 2018 - The National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC) for Polio Eradication in Islamabad has notified two new polio cases from Bajour tribal district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, bringing the total number of polio cases in the country to eight this year. “The identification of new cases is yet another reminder that long as poliovirus exists anywhere in the country, no child is safe from being infected,” said Dr. Rana Muhammad Safdar, National Coordinator for Polio Eradication in Pakistan.
“Vaccination of every child imperative till full eradication” PM Focal Person On Polio
ISLAMABAD, 17 October 2018 — The National Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) for Polio Eradication has notified two new polio cases from Gadap, Karachi and Khyber tribal district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, bringing the total number of polio cases in the country to six this year, however the virus failed to cause any clinical paralysis to both the children.
Islamabad, October 16, 2018 - Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Mahmood Khan has reaffirmed his firm government commitment for polio free Peshawar and assured to provide all available resources to achieve this end. The team for the prevention of polio would be given proper security and it we all will work as a team towards this end, he assured.
By Sajida Mansoor
Islamabad, October 15, 2018 - More than 31 million Pakistani children are to be vaccinated against measles in late October in a countrywide immunization campaign that pulls together national funding and the polio programme’s greatest asset: its human resources.
Karachi, Sindh province: UC4 Gadap in the outskirts of Karachi, just off the super highway; the main transit route to Balochistan in one direction while it links to Punjab and KP.on the other side. The area is inhabited by some 600,000 people, 77% of whom are Pashtuns, Afghans and the dominant Mehsud tribe.
Lack of basic health and sanitation service such as solid waste management, sewage system and health facilities is a hallmark of UC4 Gadap.