The increasing number of refugees and migrants arriving across Europe has led to heated debates and an increased political polarisation between pro and anti-refugee movements and parties. Afghans are now the second largest group entering the European Union. A recent study by AAN and FES explores the reasons behind Afghanistan’s increased migration, by focusing on the discussions and decisions at the household level.
Humanitarian agencies are calling on the international community to support a lasting solution that could save the lives of millions of civilians in Yemen, as the United Nations prepares to host peace talks on Sunday 14 June in Geneva.
According to 13 international humanitarian organisations, what Yemen urgently needs is a permanent ceasefire, an end to the Saudi-led commercial blockade, an end to arms transfers to those responsible for breaches of International Humanitarian Law, and a sizeable increase in humanitarian and longer term development funding.
After more than a month of heavy fighting in Yemen, a group of 22 major aid agencies in Yemen have warned today their life-saving assistance risk coming to an abrupt end within a week unless land, sea and air routes are opened immediately for the importation of fuel.
Joint Declaration on regional Peace and Stability
Protection of civilians from mass atrocity crimes has emerged as a prominent field of international action. Humanitarian actors and development workers have been and remain at the forefront of protecting civilians by non-coercive means. More recently, given the international community’s failure to act and intervene in situation such as the genocides in Rwanda and Bosnia, the military dimension of protecting non-combatants has gained in importance.
Author: Charles A. Kupchan, Whitney Shepardson Senior Fellow
This paper was commissioned in order to advise Independent Expert on extreme poverty and human rights on impacts of global climate change on her mandate. It seeks to identify the particular effects of climate change on the human rights of people living in poverty and extreme poverty, as well as the ways in which internationally-recognized human rights standards may inform both domestic and international responses.
SEVERINE M. RUGUMAMU
In December 2005, the United Nations created a high-profile Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) to serve as a dedicated institutional mechanism to fill the gap in the international architecture for post-conflict response. As such the PBC was mandated to link the political, security and economic functions of the United Nations in conflict and post-conflict situations.
This paper argues that international peacekeeping
has been weakened by a lack of trust among governments and institutions.
This lack of trust inhibits missions from developing effective political
strategies in cases like Afghanistan and DRC - and cases including Darfur
If the international community is to manage weak and failing states during the financial downturn, it must restore trust in peace operations. The alternative may be a breakdown in operations and institutions that would do lasting damage to international cooperation.
Producing and trading cocaine, heroin and other illegal narcotics is not only a highly globalized business. It is also a policy challenge to which the international community has historically responded in a rather swift and determined manner. Under the roof of the United Nations, a regulatory regime was established which aims at the elimination of the production, trade, and consumption of outlawed narcotics. In addition, considerable resources are dedicated to a myriad of counter-narcotics programs on the ground.
The planned UN-AU hybrid peacekeeping operation in Darfur (UNAMID) will be the largest UN peacekeeping operation ever. Whereas UNAMID's success will largely depend on the political circumstances on the ground, its evolution also demonstrates how the UN tries to muster its limited resources in response to an increasing need for peace operations.
The current increase in UN peacekeeping operations has strained the institutional capacities of the UN Secretariat. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's reform, which adds to the Department of Peacekeeping Operation a new Department of Field Support, is only the last in a series of changes of the UN peacekeeping architecture aiming to balance unity of command and division of labor.
This paper examines how women's experiences of conflict and transition differ to that of men because of inherent gendered power relations and that, as a result, women's experiences of violence and needs for justice have until recent times largely been ignored.
Reconciliation has become an important part of post-conflict peacebuilding rhetoric and practice in recent years. As nearly all conflicts today are intrastate, former enemies, perpetrators and victims, must continue living side by side after the war. Yet, attitudes and behaviors do not change at the moment of a declaration of peace. Since coexistence is necessary, the need for reconciliation is profound.
Twenty-three years of confl ict - Soviet occupation, civil war, the Taliban, and fi nally the US-led bombing campaign - have taken a toll on women in Afghanistan. Since the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghan women have been the focus of much international attention and the cornerstone of the largest gender-focused aid intervention. Yet today, many people in Afghanistan believe that there is less funding for women and for gender programs than there was three years ago "because we think we have solved the problem," a senior gender advisor stated.