By Kate Roff
Somalia has experienced civil war for almost 30 years, and with over 70 per cent of its population is under 30 years of age, youth and youth education appear to be the key to a peaceful future in the country.
Le Mali fait face à un conflit toujours plus violent, qui s’est répandu des régions sahéliennes du nord-ouest au centre du pays. En 2018, la violence qui touche le pays est plus intense et plus généralisée que pendant la crise très médiatisée de 2012–2013.
Mali is facing an escalating violent conflict that has spread from the peripheral Sahel regions in the far northwest to the centre of the country. In 2018, the country is faced with a situation where violence is more intense and widespread than during the widely publicised 2012–2013 crisis.
Mali is not experiencing a civil war in the conventional sense but a complex, multidimensional security crisis of interlinked micro-conflicts.
19 April 2018: At times of crises, establishing effective communication with the population is crucial in order to ensure that aid delivery meets the actual needs of those affected. Through the use of the media and other channels, humanitarian organisations and local communities can engage in a communication exchange that allows them to both convey and receive information as part of a two-way process. This approach, which is increasingly being adopted in humanitarian work, asks us to re-think ‘communication’ and to expand our view on what we regard as ‘media’.
Despite substantial progress in elevating atrocity prevention as a global goal, civilian populations in far too many places across the world are still suffering from egregious crimes. To protect populations from the risk of mass atrocities, local peacebuilders have long engaged in efforts to bridge divisions in their communities and find local solutions to conflict.
07 March 2018: Peacebuilders have long tried to bring peacebuilding out of the shadows and into the light, but it remains poorly seen and poorly understood. Why is that and what can they learn?
If conflict prevention works why is it so little and so poorly understood?
22 December 2017: There is an ongoing crisis in Cameroon. Thousands have fled the English-speaking areas of the country because of violence and unrest, and many are calling for an independent state. What has the government done to alleviate this situation, and does it go far enough?
For several decades, the minority English-speaking community in Cameroon has been expressing its disillusionment with the reunification process that brought the English and the French-speaking parts of the country together in 1961.
Within a 100-day span in the spring and summer of 1994 the Rwandan genocide claimed the lives of an estimated 500,000-1,000,000 Tutsis and their sympathisers. A generation has since past yet Rwandans, old and young alike, are continuing to experience post-genocide trauma. Why is this the case and what can be done to counter this enduring trauma?
by Abdul Brima
08 December 2017: Sierra Leone is amongst the poorest countries in the world with alarming cases of mental health problems, worsened by events like the recent devastating floods. With little knowledge about the conditions, and even less support, patients suffer greatly. But support in psychological first aid (PFA) is giving renewed hope to victims of the recent mudslide disaster in Freetown.
by Lina María Jaramillo
07 December 2017: It has been over a year since a peace agreement was signed between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Colombian government. What is the status report on its implementation? A newly released report from the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies may provide the answer.
15 November 2017: The political lens is zooming in on Sierra Leone as the country is poised to hold its next presidential and parliamentary elections scheduled for March 2018. As political debates intensify, a new document launched by civil society is seen as new hope for democracy and peace. Abdul Brima examines its priority areas.
20 October 2017: As many as 400,000 people have fled Burundi since the political crisis began in 2015, triggering mass protests, violence and human rights abuse across the country. As two new resolutions seek to address the crisis on the ground, what role can local peacebuilders play in forging a peaceful path out of violence?
The last year has seen significant global challenges, including an unprecedented level of humanitarian need, rising inequality and exclusion, growing climate change impacts, and increasing threats to our shared security. Nevertheless, the international community has taken important steps in addressing these challenges by implementing the recent bold commitments to foster sustainable peace.
Are there common elements to different violent extremist groups? Christine Mutisya looks at key factors that lead people to conflict and what steps could be taken to counter violent extremism.
Psychologists claim that genetics and the environment determines one’s extent in engaging in violent behaviour. Those who have the genetic predisposition and are exposed to the ‘right’ environment have a higher chance of engaging in violent behaviour.
13 September 2017: Sierra Leoneans will not forget August 14, 2017. Flash floods and a mudslide left an estimated 500 people dead and caused widespread destruction. The stakes for conflict are high as citizens seek answers to questions of better urban housing facilities and functional land policies. As Insight on Conflict’s Abdul Brima reports from the capital, the situation remains dire for survivors.
They say history exists to teach the past and guide the future. But is this really true?
15 August 2017: Colombia is six months in to a peace deal intended to end 50 years of conflict. With presidential elections due next year, the prospect of lasting peace is even more complicated than before. Lina Maria Jaramillo reports on some of the issues that have emerged since the peace deal.
10 August 2017: Discrimination against non-Arabs in Sudan is a major problem, says Quscondy Abdulshafi – and the conflict won’t end until the persecution stops.
04 August 2017: Since the 1994 Genocide, Rwandans have been engaged in a reconciliation process, but it has not come without challenges. Rwanda has a large migrant and diaspora community and divisions among these groups must be included in the reconciliation process and the journey towards peace, says Jean De Dieu.
A potentially violent election is looming in Zimbabwe and those who are sceptical about the likelihood of peaceful change can point to obvious examples in Zimbabwean history to support their pessimism. But whatever happens at the top, for peace to last it will have to be based on trust at the bottom. Local peacebuilding organisations are key to achieving this.
This report presents the analysis and recommendations of Zimbabwean civil society activists that emerged from a practitioner workshop (called a ‘Peace Exchange’ in this report) which took place in Harare in April 2017.